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PE GCSE COURSEWORK Section 2: Awareness of safety aspects / equipment / apparatus / physical / physiological for the game. Safety aspects, in relation to environment and equipment, include checking the area you are about to do your activity in, i.e. if you're are going to play football, check there is no dangerous items such as large stones or glass on the pitch and to also check the equipment you are going to use to do your activity, to make sure it is all safe and provides proper protection, for example if you going to play football, check your football and goal posts if they are all in good condition, and ware adequate protection, for the game such as shin pads. We need to warm up for several reasons. One is to prepare mentally for the exercise we are about to do and to get our minds in the correct state to carry out the necessary physical exercises. The other is to warm up physically, to stretch the muscles so they are not all tensed up when we go to do physical activity. This makes our bodies a lot more flexible and a lot more prepared for a game situation. It is necessary to warm up the different muscle groups. For example, warming up your biceps and triceps by reaching for your toes and also warming up your hamstrings by doing squat thrusts to warm up your muscles. ...read more.


Lie on your back and straighten your legs. Bend one knee and take your leg over towards the opposite side of your body. Keep your shoulders on the floor if possible as this increase the stretch. Relax in this position. Hold this stretch for 15 - 30 seconds and repeat on the opposite side Hamstring stretch: Bend both knees and put the soles of your feet on the floor to begin. Leaving one leg bent, straighten the other leg and hold either, behind the thigh or if you are flexible behind the calf. Ensure the flats of your feet remain in contact with the floor at all times For that additional stretch gently push the flat of the foot out in front of you into the floor. Hold this stretch for 15 - 30 seconds and repeat on the opposite side Gluteus Stretch Performed in a supine position. Lie flat out and bend your knees, placing the sole of your feet on the floor. Take leg (a) and place one foot on the knee of the opposite leg (b). Reach through the gap and around the outside of the leg (b), which is bent and on the floor, pull the leg in as far as, is comfortable. Feel the stretch in the buttocks of leg Hold this stretch for 15 - 30 seconds Gluteal stretch Sit upright with your legs stretched out in front of you. ...read more.


required in subsequent all out activity * Increased blood flow through active tissues as local vascular beds dilate, increasing metabolism and muscle temperatures You should warm up your arms, then your legs, then your neck, then your ankles, then your shoulders and so on, so you're working on different areas of your body and different intervals. Another point to consider is that muscles have 'memories' so you need to familiarise each muscle with your warm up so it is able to perform to its fullest possible potential. The reasons for doing all these warm ups is to greatly decrease the risk of injury when playing sport and carrying out physical activity. Injuries that could occur if you do not warm up are pulling muscles and tendons. After a game of sport or any physical activity it is essential to warm down and not just stop being active altogether (i.e. after a long run, just stopping and sitting down) as this can be dangerous and cause damage to the muscles. Warming down prevents soreness and muscle fatigue by keeping the blood circulating and providing oxygen for the muscles after the activity to reduce the amount of lactic acid that can occur. A warm down is essential for the maintenance of the muscles as it relives tightness. Looking after your muscles helps to keep them performing to a high standard next time you do physical activity or play sport. You're Sincerely Ahsanul Islam ...read more.

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