• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Swimming as a competitive sport

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Swimming as a competitive sport Swimming is one of the oldest activities known to man. Ancient carvings show that people have been able to swim for over 4,000 years. A stone picture from Iraq, dated from 869 BC, shows warriors swimming using inflated animal bladders and breathing tubes like a scuba diver would use an air tank and snorkel. Swimming became popular as a sport in the 19th century. Early swimming strokes included the front crawl, the backstroke and the sidestroke. In those early days men and women swam in separate pools. Swimsuits were also very different than today. In those days swimsuits were made of long, baggy and heavy wool. Today swimsuits are made of lighter fabrics and are more streamlined. Swimming as a sport consists of four areas - swimming, diving, synchronized swimming and water polo. International swimming competitions are governed by the F�d�ration Internationale de Natation Amateur (FINA), which has over 160 member nations. ...read more.

Middle

The backstroke basic are easy learn but require some practice to perfect. Legs and arms both move in alternate actions same as in front crawl. Useful techniques include having the head tilted slightly forward as if it is propped up. Also making the shoulders roll, which will cause the body to follow, and having the elbows more bent. Butterfly is the newest sport introduced in the competitions. The movement, which is used, is known as undulation. This is when the hips rise and fall as the shoulders lift and sink. Also the legs will be moving up and down but it is important they stay joined together. For the stroke there are two leg kicks to every arm pull. When the arms are on the recovery stage the chin should naturally rise above the surface of the water, this is when a breath should be taken. Although breastroke is the slowest competitive stroke it is the one most common with recreational swimmers. ...read more.

Conclusion

A training schedule will be different for each type of swimmer. Sprinters concentrate on in increasing their speed but tend to only do shorter distance in both training and competitions so stamina is not so essential. This means they need to improve their anaerobic system helping them to keep going for longer with a limited amount of oxygen and using carbohydrates only. While long distance swimmers concentrate more on the stamina side of things, as they need to keep going for longer periods of time. This means they will be using there anaerobic system and there aerobic system soon after. Pools can come in varying sizes and shapes. The traditional type of pool and the ones used for competitions are either 25m or 50m long and are of a rectangular shape. If for diving they should be 6m deep approximately. Equipment is generally optional but is useful for improving techniques of swimmers and building up specific muscles. Some pieces of equipment commonly used are goggles, kickboards, pullboays, flippers and hand paddles. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Safety Aspects and Risk Assessment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Safety Aspects and Risk Assessment essays

  1. Rules, regulations and legislation are really important as they provide a safe environment for ...

    Major injuries Major injuries that must be reported are: Fracture, other than to fingers, thumbs and toes; _ Amputation; _ Dislocation of the shoulder, hip, knee or spine; _ Loss of sight (temporary or permanent); _ Chemical or hot metal burn to the eye or any penetrating injury to the

  2. injuries in sport

    You could also under take a thorough warm up. Protective equipment can be worn to minimise the risk of injury. I will make sure that the athlete is kept warm to prevent shock, immobilise the injury with padded splints or a sling. Do not attempt to reposition the dislocated joint.

  1. I have chosen to do my study on a comparison of hockey passing (hit ...

    Test Two Practice Two This next practice is basically an elaboration on practice one. It will build the confidence of each to pass the ball when they feel another player is in an adequate place. The person who is receiving the ball should run into a space and indicate to

  2. B-Tec Sport Risk Factors

    However, there are negative long term affects. For misuse of alcohol and drugs. The long term affects of misuse of alcohol and drugs are that it can cause permanent damage to organs in the body which can affect performance in sport.

  1. cool down after my choosen sport

    A common cure for this is a good warm up and cools down. Soleus 1. Stand with both feet flat on the floor, pointing forward, half a stride apart. 2. Keeping your back straight, with your hands on your hips, exhale and lower yourself down, resting your bodyweight on the rear foot.

  2. warm up befor my choosen sport

    Ensuring I stretch all parts of my body which I will be using. I will do stretches such as the stretching of the gastrocnemius, soleus. I will hold these stretches for 8-10 seconds to create muscle elasticity. For best results, push against a wall.

  1. Motorcycle Racing.

    But just like anything in life, in order to succeed - one has to go that "extra mile." This sport teaches riders leadership and good sportsmanship, also keeping them in very good shape. And from a larger and different aspect, some riders - but very few, actually do this sport for a living and make millions of dollars.

  2. Discuss the different aspects of a safe studio practice, which are of concern to ...

    If the water and minerals are replaced then no problem will occur, but if it is not, then this could lead to muscle cramps and spasms. Also the dancers will become dehydrated so their performances will not be to their maximum potential.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work