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Technological Development in Football the last 30 Years.

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Introduction

Technological Development in Football the last 30 Years Football has developed dramatically over the last 30 years, not only in terms of footwear, footballs, goal keeping gloves and other general equipment, but also in terms of training methods and the attitude towards the professional game (i.e. drugs in sport and dieting in particular). Training and Attitude Over the last 30 years most training methods have become much more specific too the sport, so sports players can become specialised at one particular activity. Yet some training methods challenge this idea, such as the American company Peak Power Sport Development (www.sportdevelopment.com), their approach to football training gets the main fitness components needed to play the game (speed, agility, flexibility, strength and an/aerobic fitness) and focuses on improving them, too in theory improve their footballing skills, obviously this training has to combined with some direct football practise; but it tries to focus on taking a direct approach on improving your football ability. A peak power football training session would include these things: * Aerobic running or skipping, running mechanics (ABC's) and dynamic stretching. * Agility and speed training (sprints, ladders, hurdles, cone patterns etc). * Conditioning and zone training (intervals, run and cycling work outs). * Weight training (Lifts involving multiple joints, for upper and lower body). * Core stability (balance) and stretching. Although this training method has a very similar basis to a specific training program, a specific training program would concentrate the same fitness components, they would be made more specialised to football players. ...read more.

Middle

also in terms of having a new understanding of training techniques and the effect dieting and alcohol can have on your performance. Technological Development in Sprinting over the last 30 years The technological development in sprinting over the last 30 years has been dramatic; as new scientific clothing designs have been made to become as aerodynamic as possible, as well as the development in clothing the methods and styles of training have also been re worked to become much more beneficial to the athlete. The use of drugs in general athletics has changed a lot over the 30 years as well, the science to counter the new drugs that are coming out has also been developed. Training Most modern sprint trainers break down the technique into different parts to train and improve on, too then hopefully put all together in an actual race. The training involved direct and indirect exercises, for example the sprinter would do weight training on leg and arms in order to have the power to be a fast sprinter; yet they will also do sprinting exercises in order to practise the specific distances. Modern day sprint training will include skipping and training with medicine balls or even possibly dance, this is too improve balance, posture and stability of the trunk. Also general fitness must be improved to be a very good sprinter, but not through jogging, the training used by sprinters to improve general fitness as well as muscular strength is through circuit training. ...read more.

Conclusion

recognised for some time that being healthy is vital for success as the main basis of athletics is being fit and bodied for your event. Yet the use of performance enhancing drugs is much more wide spread throughout the athletics world, and the actions taken to prevent it are much more wide spread. The most difficult form of cheating to detect is blood doping, which is giving your body excess red blood cells for oxygen, but this has very little benefit for sprinters, as they do not need a good aerobic fitness level. Whereas drugs such as steroids which improve muscular strength and power will give athletes a much bigger advantage in sprint events, although these drugs are much more easily detected than blood doping is. Although over the last 30 years scientists have designed quick and effective ways for testing athletes for anabolic steroids, there are still drugs being designed in order to bypass the tests. A very good example is recently a new type of steroid called THG (tetrahydrogestrinone) which had been discovered by scientists as is deemed as an illegal drug in sport, after making a test which could test for THG athletes took the test. Dwain Chambers (International 100m sprinter) was tested for THG and the results were positive, he then repeated the test, again the results came back as positive and the IAAF has suspended him. He now faces a minimum of a 2-year ban; but under the British Olympic Association rules he would be banned for life. ...read more.

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