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Testing Assignment- Health Related Fitness

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Introduction

Fitness Testing Assignment Health Related Fitness Task 1 P1 There are many principles of training. The basic training principles help coaches to design programmes that are specific and safe for an individual athlete. The training principles outlined below will appear to focus mostly on fitness training but the majority will also apply to technical, tactical and psychological training. Overload- For the body's systems to make these adaptations, they must be overloaded. Just taking part in an activity will not cause any improvements in fitness, as the body will not be stressed to a greater extent than normal. An example of this is swimming over the Summer period where swimmers swim up to 8 swims in the space of a day, these events will have swimmers training lightly as they cant afford any injuries. Progression- the overload imposed on an athlete must be progressive. If a training programme stays at the same intensity for a whole year, adaptations will only be evident at the beginning, as after this the body will no longer be overloaded. This is shown in both football and swimming. Pre to the season, swimmers will build up there training routines till they feel they can perform with the major competitors. ...read more.

Middle

Swimming requires both health related and skill related fitness. Muscular endurance and muscular strength both fall into the health related fitness categorise, whereas speed and power are both components of skill related. Rugby There are many positions available when playing Rugby. Each position takes many different aspects of the fitness components. For example, Fly Halves need good cardiovascular endurance as they need to run up and down the pitch helping out the rest of the team with his kicking. The back row need good muscular endurance as they need to be big and strong, both in the air challenging for a collecting the ball from kick off and good at tackling the player when they are running down the wing. The front rows need to be built with great muscular endurance as well as strength because they are the players who hold up the scrum and help when forcing the team over the line. Reaction Time - is the ability to react to a circumstance that might occur. This could include a miss placed pass, they need to be alert at this because this could cause the opposition into difficulty and could give the defending team the chance to attack. Cardiovascular Endurance - endurance is how good your body is at keeping your muscles supplied with oxygen. ...read more.

Conclusion

The anaerobic (without oxygen) alactic (without lactate) energy system is best challenged as an athlete approaches top speed between 30 and 60 metres while running at 95% to 100% of maximum. This speed component of anaerobic metabolism lasts for approximately six seconds and should be trained when no muscle fatigue is present (usually after 24 to 36 hours of rest) Muscular Endurance The objective of endurance training is to develop the energy production system(s) to meet the demands of the event. In the human body, food energy is used to manufacture adenosine triphosphate (ATP) the chemical compound that supplies energy for muscular contraction. Since ATP is in very low concentrations in the muscle, and since it decreases only to a minor extent, even in the most intense voluntary contraction, tightly controlled energy pathways exist for the continual regeneration of ATP as muscular contraction continues. Flexibility Flexibility training, or stretching, is used in varying forms by practically every coach, athlete and physiotherapist on a regular basis. That is to say, a form of stretching is likely to take place at some point in every training or therapy session. In terms of its scientific basis, flexibility training is probably the least understood of fitness components. This article will discuss research findings and recommendations to explain why and how stretching should best be carried out. ?? ?? ?? ?? James Parkinson 1 Health Related Fitness ...read more.

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