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There are many factors that can affect sporting performances in positive and negative ways. In this section I will talk about a few of these examples which include social, physiological and psychological.

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Introduction

GCSE PE Coursework- Section 6 Miguel Blanes There are many factors that can affect sporting performances in positive and negative ways. In this section I will talk about a few of these examples which include social, physiological and psychological. Role models are one social factor that may affect your performance in a positive way. Many young performers have role models they look up to. Most of these are professional sportsmen or women, who have achieved a lot in a certain sport. This is a positive thing because the athlete will do their best to aspire and be like their role model. This means the performer will try their best to improve as they want to be like their role models and achieve what they have achieved. It also helps to educate the performer as they are more likely to listen to them and do what they say as they look up to them. Role models can inspire people to aim for goals and achieve ambitions which they think may be beyond their reach. It's good to have these dreams and ambitions and to have people who inspire us to go for it therefore role models are very important factors which affect your performance in a positive way. Access is another social factor that may affect your performance in a positive or negative way. If there are resources available and nearby for examples clubs etc, then this encourages people to play a certain sport and join a club. ...read more.

Middle

This could mean a lack of training, which will reduce your overall performance as you are not practicing enough. Another negative factor could be if you were badly injured in a certain sport. This will make you more cautious about it once you've recovered meaning you may not challenge for the ball as strongly in football for example due to the fear. This will also have a negative affect on performance as you will not play as best as you can. Diet is another physiological factor that may have a positive or negative affect on your performance. If a diet is planned correctly including all the different essential nutrients in the correct proportion then it can have a positive affect in your performance in many ways. This diet will contain: carbohydrates; to prove energy, Proteins; for growth and repair, Fats; for energy(stored), fibre; to aid digestion and the removal of waste products, vitamins; for repair, to resist against infection and to regulate chemical reactions, minerals; for building tissue, strengthening bones, aiding the transport of red blood cells, to regulate body fluids and finally, water to stop us over heating and help remove unabsorbed waste products as well as keeping us hydrates, so our cells in our body can work well. For example if you eat the right food for sport, you will have enough energy to stay alive as well as enough to compete in sports. ...read more.

Conclusion

This can have a positive affect on your performance as you will perform at your best and give that extra effort in order to win something, or feel good yourself. On the other hand, the lack of motivation can have a negative affect on your performance as if you are not motivated, you may not have the drive to do your best in an activity therefore your performance will drop significantly. Arousal is another psychological factor the may both have a positive affect on your performance as well as a negative. These can act as both motivators and depressors of performance levels. If you are optimally aroused before a game (as shown in the inverted U theory), it will have a positive affect on your performance as you will be able to play at the best of your ability. However, it becomes a problem when you are over aroused or under aroused. This will have a negative performance on the performer, as it will prevent them from achieving anything close to their best. This is because you are under aroused you will not care about the game and its outcome meaning you will not be up for it. On the opposite extreme if you are too enthusiastic you may do everything excessively (e.g. tackling) meaning as it is too rushed, it may be performed less accurately and can lead to fouls and you being sent off, in this case. This means the performance will dip as they will not be able to do what they usually can due to their imbalance stress levels. ...read more.

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