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Warm Ups - reasons to do them and how it affects the body.

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Warm Ups Always remember the reason for warming up the body... * To prevent injury * To prepare the body and mind for exercise * To improve performance Therefore the warm up should be a gentle progression of activity. The body is like a car... it must build up speed gently before it reaches its full potential. There are 4 phases to warm up: * Mobility exercises to prepare joints * Pulse-raising activities to prepare the heart, lungs and blood vessels for activities * Short static stretches * Activity related movements to prepare the 'brain body' link. Phase 1 - Mobility Exercises Mobility exercises move the joints. This helps warm and circulate the lubricating fluid within the joints and helps to give freer movements of the joints. ...read more.


So remember: non competitive and at a steady speed Examples include brisk walking, marching, gentle jogging, skipping or sidestepping, jogging around a pitch / court (this is not always fun and can be hard for young children. Always try and make activities fun, don't be afraid to change them if you think they are boring. Remember what you thought was fun when you are teaching other students). Phase 3 - Stretches Stretches...this is where you prepare the muscles and joints for exercise. The oxygenated blood is now being pumped around the body because of the gentle exercises that have been done in phase 1. The oxygenated blood now allows the muscles to work more efficiently and faster. ...read more.


Oiling the joints. Loosening up. Pulse raising or warming To prepare the cardiovascular system (heart, lungs, and blood vessels) for further activity by gently raising the intensity of the exercise, which brings about a gradual increase in breathing rate and heart rate. Getting warm. Warming the muscles. Taking the body up through the gears. Preparing the heart, lungs and blood vessels for activity. Stretching To prepare the muscles for further activity by gently lengthening them statically. This prepares the muscles for being lengthened or contracted at speed in the main activity and helps to prevent unnecessary muscle tears. Lengthening the muscles. Stretching out. Phase 4 - Game related activity Activity (games) related activities - to prepare the body and mind for games. This section will be dealt with more fully later. A:\Warm Ups - 12.4.05.doc ...read more.

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