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- Peer Reviewed essays 6
'First-past-the-post should be replaced as a method of electing political representatives.' Discuss.5 star(s)
Some of the advantages of using FPTP as a method of electing political representatives are; there is very little chance of drastic parties being elected to Parliament under FPTP because they are unlikely to gain enough votes in any one constituency. Generally the results of elections using FPTP can be calculated quickly. When necessary, this makes the transfer of power from one party to another much easier. The 1997 and 2001 elections were clear evidence of this. It gives rise to a consistent parliamentary opposition.
- Word count: 1457
The second type of democracy is 'representative democracy'. Representative democracy is indirect government by the people through representatives elected by the people. In the UK there are 658 constituencies each having their own representatives. People within those constituencies vote for both general and bi elections and depending on which party won in the constituency an MP for a party will go through. Referenda falls under the category of 'direct democracy'. There are many advantages of holding a referendum; one of these is that referendums seek the opinion of the public of whom the matters will affect. This means that the public will have a fair representation on matters.
- Word count: 1061
Describe the process by which MPs are elected to Westminster. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the First past the Post system? The Parliament in UK4 star(s)
In a national election those who wish to fight an election must register to do so. When the election takes place, for example in a by-election for a constituency MP, the person who gains the most votes within that constituency wins the seat. Sometimes however if the votes are tight the opposing candidates may ask for a recount. FPTP is known for being a cheap, simple and fast form of an electorate system. The voter simply needs to make one choice on the ballot papers which are usually counted within the next 12 hours.
- Word count: 871
There were however, significant constraints on the way to achieving drastic changes. An attempt to modernise the Party was in need to change policies which were formulated based on values which the party was actually based and founded upon. The changes that were proposed by Tony Blair and those who shared his views were in clear contrast with the Socialist ideology on which the Labour Party had originated from. The proposed changes also sought to prevent the Trade Unions- another main source of the Party's origins- from having any further influence in the Labour Party.
- Word count: 927
Referendums should give a clear answer to a question however there are often problems with this. Referendums are also the most direct form of democracy as the people's views are clearly represented and help to make political decisions more legitimate. This leads to a better chance of the people accepting the decision if they feel that they have had a direct input in the decision making. Referendums could also prevent governments from enacting unpopular decisions if they receive a 'no' vote, such as in the 2004 referendum for regional governments in North-East England.
- Word count: 1173
If a majoritarian or first past the post system was implemented in Northern Ireland, this would result in only a catholic or protestant MP being elected per constituency, which would cause obvious community ruptures. This would also influence the party selected to run the country. For example, it was calculated that if the first past the post system was implemented in Northern Ireland the protestant associated Unionist party would gain a majority and thus form government. Also, the system is more proportional than the first past the post system since all votes are largely of equal value.
- Word count: 1070
Border Patrol was formed which operationalized border enforcement and apprehension of illegal aliens. (Illegal Alien). The Census held in 2000 indicated that around 500000 to 700000 illegal aliens were settling in USA each year. Nearly 203,000 illegal aliens were forcefully removed from the US; more than 1 million agreed to depart voluntarily. 88,897 criminal aliens were also removed. (Illegal Alien). USA permits only 421,000 to 675,000 immigrants in the country each year and the ones who can't get through try entering the country illegally.
- Word count: 1866
However, this will be scrapped for anyone earning over �44 000 per year in 2013. This will save the government around �1 billion per year. However, according to the shadow treasury secretary Chris Leslie, "the current government plans ... are unfair and highly bureaucratic." This was shown when figures showed families with three children will lose around �2800 per year even if one parent is unemployed. Although this may not drive the family into poverty, it will have a significant effect on their standard of living. Critics argue this policy will be highly ineffective in reducing poverty.
- Word count: 600
An open territorial border allows the unrestricted movement of persons and goods for any purpose. An open civic border allows non-members freely to acquire the rights of residence, work, and/or citizenship. So basically anyone who wants to come to Britain should be allowed to do so. From a human right perspective this is a good thing as preventing freedom of movement is a moral violation of human rights and discriminates on the basis of nationality as humans are all equal. This also allows people to more easily move back and forth between their country of origin and new opportunities so this mans that people are no longer required to be separated for long periods of time.
- Word count: 1865
First of all the constitutional monarchy in Britain is a stable democratic system of government. As Hugo Vickers, the biographer of the British royal family, says - if someone were to create the United Kingdom in 2011 that particular system probably wouldn't be chosen, but it doesn't change the fact that it still works well and that it's extremely popular. Indeed it is, because if it doesn't, then how explain the fact that it has lasted for over 300 years? There aren't many countries which political system has stood such a test of time.
- Word count: 478
was one of the eight children who survived *Shakespeare's parents had eight children- Joan (1558), Margaret (1562-63), *William, Gilbert (1566-1612), Joan (1569-1646), Anne (1571-79), Richard (1574-1613), and Edmund (1580-1607). 1 Chapter 2- school days William went to a "petty" school in Stratford where he learnt his letters with the help of a hornbook. From the age of seven he progressed to a grammar school. Everyday he would go to school at 6 am and finish at 5pm. A typical schoolroom used to accommodate two classes (it was usally separated by a screen).
- Word count: 770
While many believe democracy to be an excellent example of a fair, open system of government, the argument can be fairly made to testify against it. Democracy works in the idea that everyone believes they are important. As long as everyone believes this, they do not mind taxes or laws they did not necessarily vote for, so long as the power they did vote for had a say in favor for it. The truth of the matter, as one could say, is that democracy is just a great illusion.
- Word count: 597
As the gaps between the rich and the poor are tremendous, this leaves us to question just how far-fetched these ideas might be. One of the struggles that all types of liberalism face is the homeless and underprivileged. Since many of them can't afford things such as private property, Liberalist ideologies mean little to them. Meanwhile, communism offers a much welcome solution to this financial instability, creating jobs for all, money for all, and thus creating profit to keep the cycle going.
- Word count: 670
If teens think they have the mental abilities to make these decisions, they should take responsibility for there actions. If we keep on letting them go, people are going to be continuously commiting crimes. Although, if we allow teens to go to death row, the juveniles will take precaution, knowing the consequences. Letting these kids go is not benefiting our country, neither is it benefiting society. For some, they think that we should not be giving sympathy for the young or the old if they have the ability to take the lives of innocent people. Why should we feel bad for murderers?
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It is not as easy as you would say in a political rally that if ever you will be enthroned in the position, the country will be a "corrupt-free" one. It is true, that you can never prove a thing unless you are already in the position of proving it. However, campaigns are opportunities to endorse yourself as a candidate to civil voters and present what issues you will be focusing on if ever you will be elected in the position as brilliant as you can for it is, by reason, will prove how apparently determined and capable you are in running a government.
- Word count: 943
I guess that somebody does. In some point I follow Arnold in his values but it's just like that the only thing that matters is how the world look at him. What about love, and living your life, go and have fun and just take a breath once in a while. Arnold doesn't seem to do any of these things he just keeps talking about how u can keep all the money that you've earned in your hands. If I could get rich of doing what I really like to do, I would be really thankful but what I hear Arnold say is that he only worked so hard, so that he could be famous and rich.
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Supreme Court ruled that PACs could provide "independent expenditures" made on behalf of a candidate. > PAC Growth. 1975 - 608 PACs. Now nearly 5000. In 1972 $19.1 m given to congressional candidates, by 1996 $243m. > Types. 1) Labour (union), corporate, professional associations. Connected to their parent body e.g. AFL - CIO PAC, United Auto Workers PAC. 2) Non-connected independent PACs e.g. NCPAC - National Conservative PAC - no parent bodies. 3) Politicians can create their own PACs e.g.
- Word count: 910
A person can have legitimacy but no actual power, they could have a perfectly legitimate government but have no overall majority of power, making them useless. A political group could also have power and authority, achieved through nothing but brute force, the Nazi Party for example, removing all the legitimacy from their system. How can legitimacy be achieved? For a country to have a legitimate government the views of the people need to be reflected and the people need to have a say in how their country is run.
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Parliament on a more local scale form local councils which obviously have less power than the main government but control more local issues, such as the needs of specific areas. The councillors for local government are elected via a first past the post basis. Parliament and the local councils make up one column of the governmental system in the UK. The Judiciary forms another part of the system in the UK. The Judiciary is the court system within the UK.
- Word count: 657
However, this causes tremendous damage to the environment as it destroys habitats, and also destroys a way of life for the locals which live in the region, who have learned to adapt to their environment, and because of this they too are losing their homes and their source of food (the forest is a habitat for many animals which the natives feed.) This is only the local point of view, the global point of view is that these trees take in the carbon di-oxide released by the burning of fossil fuels, because there is less CO2 being absorbed, there is that is being output by the industries, which adds to the green house effect, global warming.
- Word count: 562
This demonstration of new military hardware and capabilities was the instrument used by North Korea to deliver a message to the Japanese government and people that Pyongyang was a growing military force in the region. Here, North Korea aimed to pursue their national interest of military intimidation - an interest that has also led to experimental nuclear detonations in 2008. Testing new military hardware is not limited to North Korea. The tension between mainland China and the separatist state of Taiwan has shown the effectiveness flexing 'military muscle'.
- Word count: 829
The theory in this system is that the judge will use his/her skill and knowledge of the law to determine the truth. Indonesia's inquisitorial system and Australia's adversarial system can be contrasted to reveal the many differences between these systems of trial and why they exist. Role of the Judge: The role of the judge is what differs most between Indonesia's and Australia's systems. An Indonesian trial usually consists of 3 judges, one Chair judge and two other less superior judges.
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This fact would also suggest the intimate reasons why so many children get involved with the violence, with other motives such as pursuit of national liberation from conflict, social expandatures and religious expression often cited as why children are too often lead with the aspiration to become a "fighter" in the issues surrounding the actions of brutality. The WITNESS estimate of 20,000 children, under the age of 18, having been recruited into government and non-state armed groups, just in the DRC, highlights the growth of conscripting these "volunteers".
- Word count: 1442
Three examples of political parties are Liberal Democrats, Labour and Conservatives. Cabinet The Cabinet is leading members of the government running an important department. 3 posts in the Cabinet are: 1.Department in the government 2. Head of Defence, Education, Health etc. 3. Leading members of the government Opposition The Opposition is the party which criticizes everything that the party in power do. The Opposition is the Conservatives Party at the moment State The territory or one of the territories, of a government. 2. How can citizens participate in democratic processes, particularly elections and voting?
- Word count: 768
Civil Liberties Civil liberties are the freedom of a citizen to exercise customary rights An example of a civil liberty is freedom of speech AI This stands for Amnesty International This charity is important because it works to protects people's human rights around the world. 2. How are citizens' lives affected by the law? Key term Consumer Rights Consumer Rights are rights that a customer has of a product or goods they have brought Equal Opportunities Equal Opportunities means people don't get less opportunities because of their sex, religion etc. It gives everyone the same opportunity which makes them equal.
- Word count: 662