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make up 0.26%. Biharis are generally Sunni Muslims. The exact number of ethnic groups in Bangladesh remains contested. Hindus and Christians essentially are scattered over different parts of the country, while the indigenous population is largely concentrated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the plain land Adivasis inhabit the border areas of the northwest and northeast. The Biharis who are considered stateless people and represent linguistic minority groups are concentrated in and around the capital city, Dhaka as well in the northern districts of Syedpur and Rangpur. Despite the fact that there exists a whole range of minorities in Bangladesh, especially religious groups, the Constitution of Bangladesh does not distinguish these groups from the majority population.
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How far was the First World War responsible for the growth of the Labour Party and the decline of the Liberal party
The leader of the Labour Party, Arthur Henderson was given the post of President of Board of Education in 1915 and later in 1916 was a part of the war cabinet in the Lloyd George coalition. Within the First World War 8 Labour MPs held important posts within the government such as the Ministry of Pensions, which was held by G N Barnes. As a result, Labour involvement within the government had given its members much experience in running the country as well as influence, which proved to be a motivating and positive factor in the rise of the Labour Party after the First World War.
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they are legitimate The 'blood' imagery highlights that they are blood relations, and is used perhaps to epitomise the generation gap between the two sets of daughters as Saskia and Imogen were born on the day when Nora and Dora had their first period. The duck was 'certainly well-cooked on the outside', the duck could symbolise Saskia as her beautiful appearance conceals a venomous interior.
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Parnell and the Irish Parliamentary Party 1882-5 After the Kilmainham Treaty Parnell was determined to turn the Home Rule group
Now he was 'the uncrowned King of Ireland', and was also acknowledged as an outstanding parliamentary leader. He was courted by both Liberals and Conservatives, since both groups recognised that his Irish Party might well hold the balance of power in the Commons after the next general election, due in 1885. In January 1885, in one of his most famous speeches in Ireland, Parnell reiterated his commitment to Home Rule - and perhaps more: - "I do not know how this great question will eventually be settled.
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He forced himself to review all documents personally, a huge undertaking for the ruler of an empire the size of his, and communication was therefore extremely slow. The king worked alone in his small office late into the night, giving his decisions or just as often, deferring them. He spent an enormous amount of time "signing letters, licences, patents and other affairs of grace and justice: on some days amounting to over 2,000 documents". Yet all his contemporaries agreed that his methods dangerously, and sometimes fatally, slowed down a system of government already notorious for its dilatoriness.
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It tells the story of Australian nationhood, democracy and achievement. It symbolises Australia's constitutional, political and cultural heritage. It bears witness to Australia's growth from an Imperial Dominion to a nation in its own right. In 1992 the building was re-opened. Various spaces in the building are currently used for exhibitions. There are daily tours of the 'living museum of political history'. For the construction of the OPH, workers and building materials were drawn from all over Australia to reflect the federal nature of the building. Also timber from each State was used in the interior fitout. The three storey House is an example of the Inter-War stripped classical style of architecture with symmetrical fa�ade and features.
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With the absence of manpower on the home front, women were called to the workplace to fill the void and the 'war economy' saw the Government initiate a program of nationalization on the major production industries to maximise efficiency and product indexes. The human sacrifice displayed by the British population during The First World War did not go unnoticed by Parliament and the post war National Government did not waste time reforming the franchise in 1918. The Representation of the People Act enfranchised almost all adult males over 21, regardless of class and lodging, and for the first time saw the vote given to adult women aged over 30.
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Electoral reform: Following the 2005 general election is it time for the government to consider electoral reform
This essay will discuss the fors and againsts of electoral reform of the British voting system. Initially it must be conceded that there are many flaws in out current voting system of 'first past the post', it enforces a two party system ware and smaller parties have to overcome huge disadvantages when trying to gain any amount of power. For example in the 2005 general election the liberal democrats obtained 22% of the votes; however they were only rewarded with fewer than 10% of the seats in parliament.
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Lee argues that the war stimulated Joseph Chamberlain's campaign for tariffs" and also that it "stimulated significant change in the Liberal party In 1902 the Conservatives introduced the Education Act which got rid of school boards and, instead, gave their duties to the county councils. The new Local Education Authorities were given powers to establish new secondary schools and also develop the existing system in primary schools. It was offensive to many, especially non-conformists, because it meant that people's rates funded their local school. This meant that non-conformists would have to pay towards the upkeep of Anglican and Catholic schools.
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receive 7 shillings per week for up to 15 weeks which wasn't enough to support a family which the government thought would encourage them to find work. There were many reasons for these reforms which I am going to discuss in this essay. Between 1899 and 1902, Britain had to fight in Africa to defend their territory. Whilst recruiting men they came across a problem which was, in some areas, as much as 69% of the men who volunteered to fight were too unfit.
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This was the beginning of Mandela's driving ambition for a free South Africa. At the age of 21, Nelson Mandela decided to run away to Johannesburg in order to escape arranged marriage. Eventually Mandela gained a law degree at Heal Town Methodist College. His peers introduced him to not only local politics but national politics as well. Nelson Mandela being brought up in an environment sheltered from the segregation people from ethnic minorities faced in South Africa. Was exposed to the full extent, which Apartheid affected the lives of people for the first time when he moved to Johannesburg.
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There was also a huge population of peasants hungry for the land. This meant the government had to make tough decisions how to distribute the land. If the provisional government gave land to the peasants then they would have been happy and therefore have no reason to complain and revolt. However the provisional government made the decision to wait until the constituent assembly elections so the elected body could deal with the problems. Russia economy was drained due to the war.
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This led to resentment against the weak foreign police of the Italian government and the nationalists wanted more land, many thousands of soldiers returning did not find any rewards but they were often physically and verbally abused if they appeared publicly in uniform, adding to the misery of returning home from the war to widespread unemployment and poverty. In January 1917 D'annunzio, a nationalist intellectual led 2,000 men into Fuime to capture the city in defiance of the government and the decision at the Paris peace conference.
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``People say they want freedom and equality'', one of his characters opines, ``but what they really want is for tomorrow to be the same as today''. In other words, what society needs is continuity and predictability in government. The Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote that the fairest political system would be one in which power was shared between the monarchy, the aristocracy, and the common people. In the 17th century, John Locke put forward the view that "government should be divided between an executive and a legislature.
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Anyone who had lived through the Second World War in the UK will probably remember such a scheme having been introduced then. The wartime version however, was quite simply a" two ply blue coloured paper based document detailing the citizen's most basic of details (Photo, Name, address and National Insurance Number)"  The document would typically have been required to be produced in conjunction with a ration book for obtaining food and other goods and services, and to be displayed upon request to officials for identification verification.
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Assess the extent to which the activities of political parties are a vital part of modern democracy. A definition of democracy is the rule of many or the rule of the people as a whole
It is important for the political parties involved within the government to act a certain way and to look a certain way; otherwise people wouldn't feel confidence in the government's ability to lead and therefore would no longer trust the government to make the important decisions. There are of course advantages to having political parties within government to represent the people's ideals, but also there are disadvantages to having political parties within government as well. I will now try to identify some of the main advantages and some of the main disadvantages to having political parties.
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Explain why the 1997 general election is a good example of a dealignment election. Usually throughout British political elections there has been a clear alignment between social groups
On the 15th of September 1992 all of the trust that the public had in the Conservative party practically disappeared over night. Black Wednesday happened, and the public no longer looked at the Conservatives as the government who could be trusted to manage the economy. Governments that devalue the pound never win elections and this is very true in the case of 1997. Many have said that the Conservatives lost the election on the 15th of September 1992, five years before the Conservatives would lose the election in 1997.
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It has also been used since June 1998 for elections to the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Single Transferable Vote (STV) is perhaps the most sophisticated of all electoral systems, allowing for choice between parties and between candidates within parties. The final results also retains a fair degree of proportionality, and the fact that in most actual examples of STV the multi-member districts are relatively small, means that an important geographical link between voter and representative is retained. Furthermore, voters can influence the composition of post-election coalitions, as has been the case in Ireland, as only parties or a coalition of parties who gain more that 50% of the overall vote may form a government.
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Terrorism v Human Rights. Where do you draw the line? Ken Livingston said of the London bombings "The people of London will get through this".
Surely, in any democracy people are allowed to express their views, no matter how extreme they may be. Under the "Prevention of Terrorism Act" extremists will not be the only ones who will be arrested. You only have to look at the recent Labour Party conference for an example of how the government is eroding our rights. "Nonsense" is how Walter Wolfgang described Jack Straw's speech at the party conference. Is this really the behaviour of a potential terrorist? If the new act is introduced this sort of situation will occur a lot more frequently. People have been wrongly accused in the past and will continue to do so under this act.
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How significant is the influence which pressure groups have on government? Is there any evidence that they have fared better under New Labour governments?
(Grant, 1995, p3) There are generally two types of group: sectional and cause groups. Sectional groups comprise of individuals who have similar interests and gain personally from being part of such a group. It includes entities such as professional bodies like the British Medical Association, the CBI and trade unions. This type of group is driven by the interests of its members. Cause groups are formed in order to achieve a specific objective. It could potentially attract any individual who believes in the principle and the group is driven by the interests of the cause rather than the individual members.
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How far is it true to say that 'having made Italy', Italian governments were successful between 1861 and 1960, in 'making Italians'
The question is to what extent over the next one hundred years did the liberal, fascist, and Christian Democrat governments manage to turn the situation around and make Italians. Clark argues that all through the liberal period, the Italian people were industrious and diligent and they did reap the rewards of this extra effort. For example, industry was flourishing in the north and fresh enthusiasm led to new inventions such as the wireless in 1896. Robson supports this view that the Italians were hardworking as he describes their working conditions as appalling, with long hours and poor wages.
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Since the inception in 1896 the Olympic Games have been used by nations and groups to make political statements.Discuss how the Olympic ideal has been undermined by social and political protest.
To conclude I will say where I think the issue will go in the future. Over the years, 3 Olympic games have been cancelled because of World Wars. In 1920 Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Hungary and Turkey weren't allowed to take part because of their roles in WWI. One of the most recognised games that was influenced by politics is the 1936 Berlin games. When the games were awarded to Berlin nobody thought that Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany would have control of the Olympic games.
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How important was the contribution made by the socialist societies to the formation and the development of the labour party up
From this awareness three main socialist societies were formed in 1884. One of the groups was called the socialist democratic Federation (SDF). The SDF were a revolutionary group more than socialist and their ideologies were based on the work of the communist philosopher Karl Marx. Their leader was a man called H.M. Hyndman, who wanted to start a mass revolution and cause a up rise amongst workers. The SDF's main aim was to turn the country into a communist regime. They were a small and aggressive group and the main cause of the 1887 Trafalgar Square riots leading to 'Bloody Sunday'.
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"The objective of establishing the Conservative Party as a party of government explains most of the actions of Disraeli in pas
In favour of what Robert Blake says, the conservatives had not been in power for ten years and were seeking for a comeback which would give Disraeli and the conservative party good motive to want to pass an act in order to regain power. The Liberals had previously failed in passing a Reform act. So it would be in the conservative's best interest to pass a Reform act. This would show the conservatives as s stronger party than the Liberals as they were able to succeed where the Liberals failed.
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Its first leader was James Keir Hardie, one of the earliest Labour MPs. Though Labour was only in government for three short periods of the 20th century, its achievements revolutionised the lives of the British people. The values Labour stands for today are those which have guided it throughout its existence. Our values: * social justice * strong community and strong values * reward for hard work * decency * rights matched by responsibilities Conservative Party The Board is the ultimate decision making body of the Conservative Party.
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