• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"A consistent approach by Peel could have prevented the disintegration and defeat of the Tories in the 1830's". How far do you agree?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"A consistent approach by Peel could have prevented the disintegration and defeat of the Tories in the 1830's". How far do you agree? In 1830 the long standing Conservative party led by the Duke of Wellington collapsed, giving way to a new Whig government led by Earl Grey. Peel for the first time in twenty years became a member of the opposition. There is considerable historical debate as how much a role Peel played in the defeat of this party. The most substantial cause for the collapse of the 'Old Tory' party is the issue of Roman Catholic emancipation. By the spring of 1827 political opinion had polarised on one issue- emancipation and shortly after, on one controversial politician-Canning. Although, as later explained, Peel had a role to play in Catholic emancipation, it is important to assess what pressures and difficulties arose from this problem regardless of him. Catholic emancipation caused great bitterness within the Tory party. After the departure of Liverpool in 1827 divisions within the party surface- divisions based on personalities and the acceptance of emancipation. On the one extreme-'Catholic' Tories who supported the idea of emancipation and on the other 'Ultras' who were strictly against any motion in favour of the Catholics. ...read more.

Middle

Secondly his substantial contribution to commons debate, securing the repeal of the Test and Corporations Acts. The events in Ireland showed that he was willing to support the CoE as part of the constitution from the overpowering catholic support in Ireland. However by giving the English Catholics the vote he appeased them as they were a small minority and did not threaten the government. These two events show that Peels support for the Church of England was somewhat dogmatic. As the support for emancipation rapidly increased Wellington had two choices. Either he could pass a Catholic Emancipation Act and let O'Connell take his seat or he could declare the election null and void. Here he ran the risk of violence in Ireland, and possible civil war. Wellington did want to avoid bloodshed. Peel himself realised that an Irish revolt was close at hand so he began preparing the emancipation bill. He did however introduce measured to insure Irish peasants could not stand for election. The possible revolt was out of Peels hands. His responsibility now, was to act in such a way that would protect Britain and its interests. In all respect we can see that Peel, in essence had no choice but to put forward the Emancipation Bill, if not just to avoid revolution in Ireland, but to protect the English constitution. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion it is clearly evident that a consistent approach by peel could not have prevented the collapse of the Tory Party. If he had followed a consistent approach and failed to act on the possible threat of revolution in Ireland it is most likely that the government would have collapsed anyway. Many of the problems were out of Peels hands. He was under extreme pressure to do what was right for Britain, and at the basic level he did this, not only by preventing revolution but by making England stronger as a nation. The issue of parliamentary reform especially was one that Peel had no chance of controlling. In essence Catholic emancipation was like a time bomb to the Tory party, waiting to be triggered (by O'Connell's actions). Therefore the collapse of the Tory party was orientated around a huge combination of external factors and the issue of emancipation that happened to explode in the period of 1830. It is unfair to say that Peel could have prevented this. Even if he had acted it is quite possible that the situation would have escalated considerably more. And this would not have been could for the tory party at all. As can be seen by Peels inconsistent approach. Sam Collins 6TKS Mr Hayes 6/12/02 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Compare and contrast the Chartist and Anti -Corn Law League movements. Explain and illustrate ...

    Peel would have been pleased that the ACLL was not resorting to violent or disruptive methods. He also would have had to consider the issue, because he could not dismiss it as a mere issue of law and order. The Chartists used some similar methods to the Anti-Corn Law League.

  2. How far do you agree that it was Cavour's diplomacy rather that Garibaldi's ideas ...

    hand, Liberal enthusiasts such as Carlo Tivaroni praise Garibaldi for his ability to learn from his mistakes on the battlefield. In 1848 Garibaldi was defeated by the French whilst valiantly defending Rome, by 1860 he can be observed carrying out miracles of both strategy and tactics.

  1. The 'Liberal Tories'. To what extent do you agree with this description of the ...

    Robinson's main focus was the reduction of import duties on a variety of raw materials, customs and excise duties. These reductions aimed to encourage demand and improve economic stability. Robinson managed to reduce indirect taxation on a variety of goods.

  2. Why did the Conservative Party split in 1846? - Ed Pearson When Peel announced ...

    church on the other hand was receiving money paid for by English taxes greatly angered many Conservatives. Sir Robert Inglis went so far as to proclaim not just that this issue could result in the split of the Tory party but of the Union itself.

  1. How Far Did Peel Put Country Before Party?

    Peel's economic policy of creating a country cheep for living, by striping away taxes, made many of the Tories afraid that he would remove the corn laws.

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    of their ideas, the breadth and relevance of the questions, the twist that they gave to the traditional problems of Russian society, that the Slavophils had the peculiar honour of being not only the progenitors of Russian nationalism but also the grandparents of the Russian revolutionary movement.

  1. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    "Daca �ntreaga omenire, cu exceptia unui singur om ar fi de o parere si acel singur om de o parere contrarie, atunci omenirea ar fi tot at�t de putin �ndreptatitasa-l faca pe acel singur om sa taca ,pe c�t ar fi el de putin �ndreptatit sa cuteze sa faca restul omenirii sa taca."

  2. Conservative Victory of 1941, Peel and the Weakness of the Whigs.

    As a result, there was a lot of hostility towards the government as there was no legislation for the working class population. On top of this, adequate public health arrangements were inaccessible for the working class along with the absence of proper sewage systems.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work