• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"A consistent approach by Peel could have prevented the disintegration and defeat of the Tories in the 1830's". How far do you agree?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"A consistent approach by Peel could have prevented the disintegration and defeat of the Tories in the 1830's". How far do you agree? In 1830 the long standing Conservative party led by the Duke of Wellington collapsed, giving way to a new Whig government led by Earl Grey. Peel for the first time in twenty years became a member of the opposition. There is considerable historical debate as how much a role Peel played in the defeat of this party. The most substantial cause for the collapse of the 'Old Tory' party is the issue of Roman Catholic emancipation. By the spring of 1827 political opinion had polarised on one issue- emancipation and shortly after, on one controversial politician-Canning. Although, as later explained, Peel had a role to play in Catholic emancipation, it is important to assess what pressures and difficulties arose from this problem regardless of him. Catholic emancipation caused great bitterness within the Tory party. After the departure of Liverpool in 1827 divisions within the party surface- divisions based on personalities and the acceptance of emancipation. On the one extreme-'Catholic' Tories who supported the idea of emancipation and on the other 'Ultras' who were strictly against any motion in favour of the Catholics. ...read more.

Middle

Secondly his substantial contribution to commons debate, securing the repeal of the Test and Corporations Acts. The events in Ireland showed that he was willing to support the CoE as part of the constitution from the overpowering catholic support in Ireland. However by giving the English Catholics the vote he appeased them as they were a small minority and did not threaten the government. These two events show that Peels support for the Church of England was somewhat dogmatic. As the support for emancipation rapidly increased Wellington had two choices. Either he could pass a Catholic Emancipation Act and let O'Connell take his seat or he could declare the election null and void. Here he ran the risk of violence in Ireland, and possible civil war. Wellington did want to avoid bloodshed. Peel himself realised that an Irish revolt was close at hand so he began preparing the emancipation bill. He did however introduce measured to insure Irish peasants could not stand for election. The possible revolt was out of Peels hands. His responsibility now, was to act in such a way that would protect Britain and its interests. In all respect we can see that Peel, in essence had no choice but to put forward the Emancipation Bill, if not just to avoid revolution in Ireland, but to protect the English constitution. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion it is clearly evident that a consistent approach by peel could not have prevented the collapse of the Tory Party. If he had followed a consistent approach and failed to act on the possible threat of revolution in Ireland it is most likely that the government would have collapsed anyway. Many of the problems were out of Peels hands. He was under extreme pressure to do what was right for Britain, and at the basic level he did this, not only by preventing revolution but by making England stronger as a nation. The issue of parliamentary reform especially was one that Peel had no chance of controlling. In essence Catholic emancipation was like a time bomb to the Tory party, waiting to be triggered (by O'Connell's actions). Therefore the collapse of the Tory party was orientated around a huge combination of external factors and the issue of emancipation that happened to explode in the period of 1830. It is unfair to say that Peel could have prevented this. Even if he had acted it is quite possible that the situation would have escalated considerably more. And this would not have been could for the tory party at all. As can be seen by Peels inconsistent approach. Sam Collins 6TKS Mr Hayes 6/12/02 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Peel 'The Great Betrayer Of his Party' - How Far Do You Agree?

    Peel did not betray his party in his economic reform because he was a brilliant economist and the country was in a financial fiasco after the Whigs lost power, however he did alienate the aristocracy, protectionists and agriculturalists with his 1842 and 1845 budget.

  2. Representation and Democracy in Britain 1830 – 1931

    After the rejection of the third petitions in 1848, the movement dispersed. Ironically, all but the sixth point of the Charter has been passed. 1850 - 1868 Britain as "the Workshop of the World" By 1850, Britain was the `workshop of the world'; no other country was ready to compete with it in industrial production.

  1. Compare and contrast the Chartist and Anti -Corn Law League movements. Explain and illustrate ...

    One of the methods that the Anti-Corn Law League used to some extent was a vigorous propaganda campaign. They created pamphlets and newspapers, and courted the press. The Anti-Corn Law Circular and The Economist were invaluable in spreading he message of the ACLL.

  2. Kashmir Issue and Mediation.

    of the Jammu and Kashmir, to a more neutral (at least in statement; it was still supplying New Delhi arms) stance under the leadership of Alexei Kosygin13. The 1965 armed conflict between India and Pakistan was formally brought to an end by signing the Declaration at Tashkent, the capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the Soviet Union.

  1. How far do you agree that it was Cavour's diplomacy rather that Garibaldi's ideas ...

    It is important to note that Cant� was writing in 1878, soon after Italy was united. Although modern historians are able to look at the issues more objectively, it could be said that Cant�'s opinions hold more weight as he stood back from the veneration at the time: 'Not for this man the ordinary procedures of liberal government.

  2. How successful was Peel's ministry of 1841-1846.

    This was a success as the Bishops welcomed the concession. They were consulted in advance. O'Connell gave his support. However, the political reaction in England was a strong anti-Irish feeling. This is because the proposals to increase the Maynooth grant stirred up the Protestantism and the anti-Catholicism of both the Conservative Party and the country at large.

  1. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    Autorul este de acord ca un individ cu un intelect deschis dar care nu a lasat loc �n mintea sa pentru habotnicie si pentru unul din principiile calvine - care �n opinia lui Mill nu este gresit intru totul - ce doreste reprimarea si supunerea laturii egoiste ce sta �n

  2. Why did the Conservative Party split in 1846? - Ed Pearson When Peel announced ...

    church on the other hand was receiving money paid for by English taxes greatly angered many Conservatives. Sir Robert Inglis went so far as to proclaim not just that this issue could result in the split of the Tory party but of the Union itself.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work