• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"A consistent approach by Peel could have prevented the disintegration and defeat of the Tories in the 1830's". How far do you agree?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"A consistent approach by Peel could have prevented the disintegration and defeat of the Tories in the 1830's". How far do you agree? In 1830 the long standing Conservative party led by the Duke of Wellington collapsed, giving way to a new Whig government led by Earl Grey. Peel for the first time in twenty years became a member of the opposition. There is considerable historical debate as how much a role Peel played in the defeat of this party. The most substantial cause for the collapse of the 'Old Tory' party is the issue of Roman Catholic emancipation. By the spring of 1827 political opinion had polarised on one issue- emancipation and shortly after, on one controversial politician-Canning. Although, as later explained, Peel had a role to play in Catholic emancipation, it is important to assess what pressures and difficulties arose from this problem regardless of him. Catholic emancipation caused great bitterness within the Tory party. After the departure of Liverpool in 1827 divisions within the party surface- divisions based on personalities and the acceptance of emancipation. On the one extreme-'Catholic' Tories who supported the idea of emancipation and on the other 'Ultras' who were strictly against any motion in favour of the Catholics. ...read more.

Middle

Secondly his substantial contribution to commons debate, securing the repeal of the Test and Corporations Acts. The events in Ireland showed that he was willing to support the CoE as part of the constitution from the overpowering catholic support in Ireland. However by giving the English Catholics the vote he appeased them as they were a small minority and did not threaten the government. These two events show that Peels support for the Church of England was somewhat dogmatic. As the support for emancipation rapidly increased Wellington had two choices. Either he could pass a Catholic Emancipation Act and let O'Connell take his seat or he could declare the election null and void. Here he ran the risk of violence in Ireland, and possible civil war. Wellington did want to avoid bloodshed. Peel himself realised that an Irish revolt was close at hand so he began preparing the emancipation bill. He did however introduce measured to insure Irish peasants could not stand for election. The possible revolt was out of Peels hands. His responsibility now, was to act in such a way that would protect Britain and its interests. In all respect we can see that Peel, in essence had no choice but to put forward the Emancipation Bill, if not just to avoid revolution in Ireland, but to protect the English constitution. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion it is clearly evident that a consistent approach by peel could not have prevented the collapse of the Tory Party. If he had followed a consistent approach and failed to act on the possible threat of revolution in Ireland it is most likely that the government would have collapsed anyway. Many of the problems were out of Peels hands. He was under extreme pressure to do what was right for Britain, and at the basic level he did this, not only by preventing revolution but by making England stronger as a nation. The issue of parliamentary reform especially was one that Peel had no chance of controlling. In essence Catholic emancipation was like a time bomb to the Tory party, waiting to be triggered (by O'Connell's actions). Therefore the collapse of the Tory party was orientated around a huge combination of external factors and the issue of emancipation that happened to explode in the period of 1830. It is unfair to say that Peel could have prevented this. Even if he had acted it is quite possible that the situation would have escalated considerably more. And this would not have been could for the tory party at all. As can be seen by Peels inconsistent approach. Sam Collins 6TKS Mr Hayes 6/12/02 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Kashmir Issue and Mediation.

    Sometime she favors Pakistan's stance on the Kashmir by saying that "Kashmir is territorial dispute between Pakistan and India that should be resolved under the Charter of UN".

  2. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    care ei le considera a fi folositoare pentru �ntreaga societate chiar daca acele principii nu sunt �mpartasite de marea majoritate a membrilor acelei comunitati, arat�ndu-se prin acest exemplu ca este posibil nu doar amestecul opiniei publice �n chestiunile private ci si inversul dar cu consecinte nedorite la nivelul unei �ntregi comunitati umane.

  1. Conservative Victory of 1941, Peel and the Weakness of the Whigs.

    However, it is true to say that Peel's victory followed a series of remarkable circumstances that served to enhance public confidence in his leadership. During the early part of 1835, for example, Peel was presented with an unexpected chance to test the success of his policies, and the extent of his man-management.

  2. How successful was Peel's Ministry 1841-1846?

    Some historians have accused Peel about being too focused on his financial policies, however throughout his ministry he made genuine attempts to improve the conditions for workers, especially in mines and factories. Peel had always shown sympathy for the less-well off, and even early in his career in 1829 he had shown this through some of his reforms.

  1. Why did the Conservative Party split in 1846? - Ed Pearson When Peel announced ...

    late 1830's and early 40's due to a 'common respect for and recognition of the necessity of Peel's leadership, by the end of 1844 that bond was gone.' Therefore just because the party did not 'split' at this point it does not make Peel's actions here any less destructive than his actions during the repeal of the Corn Laws.

  2. Compare and contrast the Chartist and Anti -Corn Law League movements. Explain and illustrate ...

    The ACLL also hade two slightly slyer advantages. Their campaign had the appearance of a crusade for social justice. This wasn't really their main objective - it was a useful propaganda tool, and would be of some use in rallying working class support.

  1. Key furnishings in the Catholic Church and what they tell us about the catholic ...

    Peel's Irish policy is also very important if one is to judge the success of his ministry. One crucial moment as far as Ireland was concerned was when O Connell, a fierce enemy of Peel held a meeting at Clontarf but Peel banned the meeting and arrested O Connell.

  2. How successful was Peel's 'Great Ministry' of 1841-46

    Peel felt that there should be freedom for people to work as long as THEY want. Peel agreed a compromise with Ashley allowing women's hours to be cut down. Peel also made some financial reforms in his 'Great ministry'. The country was in a poor economic state and harvest had also been pretty poor recently.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work