• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A referendum is a vote made by the public on a particular issue and referendums allow voters to register their opinions on a specific question regarding policy issues, with a simple yes or no answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Edexcel Politics mock unit 1 corrections Question 1(a) A referendum is a vote made by the public on a particular issue and referendums allow voters to register their opinions on a specific question regarding policy issues, with a simple yes or no answer. Referendums are a form of direct democracy in the context of representative democracy, where citizens are directly involved in decision making. Referendums tend to be based on a question drawn up by the government and put to the electorate. An example of a referendum that had occurred in the recent past was the devolution of Scotland referendum in 1997. Question 1(b) A referendum is a vote made by the public on a particular issue and referendums allow voters to register their opinions on a specific question regarding policy issues, with a simple yes or no answer. The circumstances that governments have called referendums are as follows. Referendums may be used for many reasons, to allow the public to vote on issues such as constitutional change, where the public who withhold sovereignty, get a chance to vote on any issues associated with constitutional change. For instance many referendums have been regarding constitional reform such as the devolution of Scotland in 1997. ...read more.

Middle

To become an MP, the candidate must obtain more votes than any other candidate but not necessarily a majority ie - the MP does not need more than 50% of the vote. The party with the largest number of MPs goes to form the government. The supplementary vote system is a majority system with a one member constituency and this system is used to elect the London Mayor. The way in which it works is as follows. Voters have two preference votes in that they cross their first and second choices on the ballot paper. If a candidate receives more than 50% of first preferences then they are elected. If no candidate gets over 50% then the top two remain in competition and the second preference votes for these two from the eliminated candidates are re-distributed until a winner emerges. The single transferable system is a proportional system and it gives rise to multi-member constituencies. This system is adopted in Northern Ireland. The manner in which it works is that parties have as many candidate as they like and voters are allowed to rank the candidates in order of preference, seats are allocated on the basis of a "quota system". ...read more.

Conclusion

Labour received 63.6% of MPs in the House of Commons and this decreased by 0.9% to 62.7% in 2001. The Conservatives received 25% of MPs in the House of Commons and this increased by 0.2% to 25.2% in 2001. The Liberal Democrats received 6.9% of MPs in the House of Commons and this increased by 1% to 7.9% in 2001. These figures show that there is over representation of the Labour party and under representation of the other parties such as the Conservatives. Question 1(c) The factors that might explain the fall in turnout in the 2001 elections are as follows. In the 1997 elections previous to the 2001 elections tactical voting occurred to outride the Conservative Party to ensure that they would not win. The Labour and Lib Dem supporters were fed up with the Conservative party being in power. So within different regions of the country, there are higher public support for all three parties. The Labour party generally gains support in the North where as the Conservatives do so in the South. The Lib Dems have evenly distributed support. Hence in regions where Labour support was low, the Lib Dem voters alongside the Labour ones voted for Labour to out win the Conservative party. And where there was a slightly higher vo ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Arguments for and Against the use of Referendums in the UK

    However, some people argue that New Labour especially are using them to carry through radical changes in our constitutional system without proper rules, and open to the possibility of rigging the outcome. A solution to this could be a set of rules governing the use of referendums, as if these

  2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the devolution process in Scotland and Wales?

    The West Lothian question was first posed by Tam Dalyell in 1977. It stated that a large problem involved with devolution was the fact that Westminster MPs representing Scottish constituencies can only vote on issues involving England and Wales and not Scotland, and that English and Welsh MPs have not say over matters involving Scotland alone.

  1. Consider the arguments for and against retaining first-past-the-post for general elections

    An ideal system would include both of these options, but such a system is hard to envisage. First-past-the-post fulfils the maintenance of strong government and provides a link between MPs and a local area, but completely ignores the other two terms set out by Jack Straw.

  2. Sharpeville Massacre Sources Question

    * The police constantly watched you. In his book Biko, Donald Woods said this about the social impact of banning. "In normal life we forget how often we converse with small groups; thoughts are usually only communicated once in a discussion. But with people coming in one at a time to discuss the same news of

  1. Evaluate strengths and weaknesses of various voting systems regarding voting

    Equally, there were those who felt that Labour would again become dependent on Liberal Democracy support (as in 1976-1979) in any future hung parliament, suggesting that the price of this support could be a promise to reform the system. The fear was that should the Conservative government win a fifth

  2. Kashmir Issue and Mediation.

    Kashmiries, to hold the plebiscite in the valley and to give the right of "self-determination" to people of Kashmir. Transparent in these appeals was the belief, frequently voiced in Pakistan, that India had never before been quite so vulnerable to her4.

  1. What immigration policy should Britain have?

    to immigrate as much as others who are in desperate need to immigrate many find themselves in life or death situations through religious and political persecution. Which lead me to feeling that the 'one in, one out' policy would be the best idea not only is this policy fair but

  2. Citizenship coursework "A topical Issue"

    ill patient is totally wrong as it is a waste of an animal or humans life, but it is not always necessary to test drugs on animals because it isn't giving a stronger result.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work