• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Access the main reasons for the Liberal Victory of 1906 (45)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Access the main reasons for the Liberal Victory of 1906 (45) During the late 19th century the Conservative party had dominated government for much of that period. However through much controversy over the years, it had left the party divided and weakened which eventually saw the Liberal party return to power in the 1906 elections. Before Tariff Reform became an issue the Liberals united to fight education legislation, which they disliked because government money was directed towards Anglican-run schools. This was to be the 1902 Education Act. Balfour, leader of the Conservatives believed that a properly funded education system was essential for a modern state. Those who did not pay the rates for this act would be arrested. As well as political up roar the public disliked Balfour's attitude as it yet again proved that the Conservatives didn't really do anything for the Working class and so only for the Aristocracy. As Historian Blewitt stated (1972) 'The sudden crumbling fo the governments popularity at the very moment of victory in South Africa and with the economic climate still fair, resulted apparently from the Education Bill of 1902'. War has always highlighted the dangers of Britain's political decisions and the parties in power. ...read more.

Middle

He was very much convinced that Britain's future could only be secured if it abandoned free trade and replaced it with a system of preferential tariffs. He also felt that Britain should begin to challenge economically other countries such as Germany. Despite his enthusiasm his speech in May 1903 was a challenge which rapidly escalated into a massive political crisis. For the British people free trade mean cheaper food and bigger quantities for good value. Many feared that there would be dearer food which in itself proved to be a swing against the Conservatives of devastating proportions. Despite the fear within the poorer society, tariff reform helped unite the Liberal Party behind free trade ( an issue they all agreed on ) and so as well as Liberals joining force so too did it attract some Conservatives, notably Winston Churchill, to defect to the Liberals. Many joined because the issue had split the Conservative party into three main groups: the whole-hoggers, who accepted tariff, reform completely, the free-fooders, who supported free trade and the Balfourites, who favoured the compromise of accepting limited tariff reform. The impact of this policy again promised more support for the Liberal Party. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Government saw the effectiveness of banning strikes and this clearly upset the workers as it deprived them of value means of protest against poor working conditions and inadequate pay. Taff Vale sued to restrain any action may obstruct business and for damages already caused. The workers felt that Balfour was behind the decision but they were wrong this was the most damaging to Balfour and his party and with the rapid rise of the Trade unions it was only a matter of time for them to turn against the conservatives. Following the Taff Vale dispute a small party was formed which implored itself to the Working class. It was known as the Labour Party. In 1903 the Lib-Lab electoral pact was drawn up. This pact divided constituencies between the two parties and prevented their fighting each other to split a vote and allow the Conservatives the opportunity of winning. In the 1906 General election, the pact helped swing many seats in south Lancashire and Liverpool away from the Conservatives. The consequence of public and political uproar over so many decisions the Conservatives made the end result of the 1906 General Election - the Liberal Party's landslide victory - when the Conservatives lost 246 Members of Parliament, leaving it with 156, and the Liberals gained 216 to give it 399. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    The Maltese were very unhappy to this defeat. Besides this fact, the Maltese were also disappointed and angry because the church was loosing its power and the precious things in churches were being stolen by the French and auctioned at Mdina in order to recover from the economic instability that Malta was in.

  2. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    Minor parties in third or fourth place are discriminated against for the sake of governability. In this perspective proportional elections can produce indecisive outcomes, unstable regimes, disproportionate power for minor parties in 'kingmaker' roles, and a lack of clear-cut accountability and transparency in decision-making.

  1. Comparative Analysis: The churches and their affect on society and politics in the cases ...

    It refers to the theology that legitimised the apartheid state. 11 G.C. Oosthuizen, J.K Coetzee, J.W. de Gruchy, J.H. Hofmeyr and B.C. Lategan, Religion, Intergroup Relations, and Social Change in South Africa: Humans Sciences Research Council, (Connecticut: Greenwood Press 1988), p13 bracketed phrase is an addition.

  2. Liberal success in 1906 owed more to conservative failure than liberal organization, To what ...

    happy with it, this led to there being a split in the Conservative Party. However it was accepted as a means of raising the British revenue without taxation. The Liberals on the other hand exploited the fact the Conservatives were split over this idea and were able to project themselves as defenders of free trade.

  1. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    Outside Parliament 1919-1921: The Socialist movement remains militant/revolutionary and Conservatives feel abandoned by the Liberals. Events are increasingly dictated by anti-democratic forces Outside Parliament events continued to weaken the position of the Liberals. Conservatives throughout society felt that socialism posed a threat to their livelihoods.

  2. The Conservative party ruled Britain from1886 until 1905, however they lost the 1906 elections.

    In May 1903, when Chamberlain returned from a trip to South Africa, he made a speech in Birmingham introducing his ideas of 'tariff reform,' the speech not only shocked many of the British people, but also united the Liberal party further, and they exploited Chamberlain's campaign by enhancing the people's fears as to what no Free Trade could mean.

  1. The Liberal election victory of 1906 was a result of division in the conservative ...

    The prevailing atmosphere of the Boer war made sure that Conservative credibility was undermined when the 'Chinese slavery' affair was publicised. The public seemed to be impressed by this issue. Political insensitivity of Balfour's government was indicated as tens of thousands of Chinese workers were exploited by their employers, working almost like slaves.

  2. Describe one achievement of the Liberal Government's aim in reducing the burden of poverty ...

    By 1914, over half had not begun the service. The workers were helped through 'The Coal Mines Act'. This scheme aimed to create better working conditions, and generally an improved working life for Miner's. This was the first regulation of the hours of adult male workers, and the motive again was national efficiency.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work