• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Account for the overwhelming Liberal Landslide in the 1906 General Election.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Account for the overwhelming Liberal Landslide in the 1906 General Election. The Liberal Landslide of 1906 was one of the most overwhelming victories in politics of the Edwardian era, by the 1890's the Liberal Party seemed defeated and in disarray, a party incapable of forming government ever again. However, from the smouldering issue of Home Rule, which seemed to have burnt out the Liberals, like a great phoenix the liberal party rose once more to unite a nation and lead Great Britain in the final fling the British public were ever to have with the Liberals. The overwhelming landslide can be attributed to a number of factors, the desire for fresh ideas from the public, the policy of tariff reform pushed by the Tories, Balfour's ineffectual leadership, the Boer War and the re-unification of the Liberals, however, one factor above all others accounts for the landslide, and that is the electoral system and the liberals pact with labour. The British electoral system is a bastard democracy; it is an illegitimate form of national representation and it is the major factor in the liberals 'overwhelming' electoral success. The British electoral system is the First Past The Post model, it says that the candidate with the highest number of ...read more.

Middle

The thirst for new ideas drove to an increased popularity for the liberals; however, the overwhelming nature of the landslide victory was due to the electoral system. The policy of tariff reform was a devastatingly divisive issue and rejuvenated the Liberal Party, the continuation of this policy lead to a popularisation of the Liberal Party and led to disenchantment with Unionism and its ideals. The Tariff Reforms were the "brain child" of Joseph Chamberlain; it set out the ideals of an economic protectionist system, which would spearhead "Imperial Preference", and the taxation of foreign goods. This was one of the only issues, which would truly unite a devastated Liberal Party; it hit at the heart of Liberalism, which at its very core was the idea of Free Trade. The idea also split the Tory party who were not truly behind the idea of the Tariffs, it also caused great unease in the country as people still believed the Liberal mantra of Free Trade was the most effective and which was going to bring economic prosperity. Some feared that the price of bread would rise because there was a viscous campaign by the liberals with the slogan "No Stomach Tax", some feared retaliatory tariffs on British goods. ...read more.

Conclusion

They were united over the issue of Balfour's Education Act which had enraged non-conformists who despised paying for Anglican and Catholic education, non-conformists were the backbone of the liberal party and if they were enraged then the party was sure to sit up and take notice. The issue of Tariff Reform attacked the Liberals sacred value of Free Trade, the Unionists had hit a nerve and the Liberal party moved to unite the country behind their view of a world of Free Trade with out barriers to economic trade expansion. The Rowntree Report helped to unite the Liberals behind the banner of poverty relief, the Liberals unification was a significant factor in their rise to popularity but it was the electoral system which produced the Liberals with their overwhelming landslide. In Conclusion, the overwhelming Liberal landslide in the 1906 general election was due to the electoral system in Britain at the time and still persists today, the landslide gained by the liberals is not wholly representative of the gains they made, which were marginal, but marginal in enough places so as to give them the largest majority ever gained by the Liberal Party. Martin Fox 03/10/2003 History Account for the overwhelming Liberal Landslide in the 1906 General Election. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Why did the Liberals win a landslide election in 1906?

    The Newcastle Programme drawn up at this time was also highly supported by many in Britain. In addition, the Liberals had the support of many organisations and societies.

  2. The Rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire.

    Although it didn't happen in his lifetime, this new expansionist policy actually began a steady stream of defeats against the European powers, which greatly reduced the size of the Empire. Wars with Austria Shortly after Muhammad Kuprili died, his brother in law, Kara Mustafa took over the military and put into practice Kuprili's new policies.

  1. Given Churchill’s popularity in the war, why did he lose the 1945 election?

    They, more than any other section of the electorate, yearned for change and for a better civilian life. The military vote was over-whelming pro-Labour. After reading copies of the 'Daily Mirror' in a library, which was then the biggest selling paper in Britain and easily the most popular among the armed forces, published on V.E.

  2. Why Did Labour win the landslide of 1945?

    The first day it was established Doctors were completely rushed off their feet with the amount of people using the service and this wasn't because of people abusing this its was the fact they now could afford to go to the Doctors.

  1. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    The Normative Criteria of Evaluation The debate about electoral reform has largely revolved around the practical consequences of incremental changes to the status quo. But underlying these arguments are contested visions about the fundamental principles of representative democracy (see Dunleavy and Margetts 1995).

  2. "Recent general election results have shown the need for electoral reform." Discuss.

    So these minorities of switches hold power out of all proportion as they determine much of the political agenda. Even though their opinion is not that of the public reflection. In 1997 0.2% of switches determined the election outcome. There are many alternatives too first Past the Post, Proportional Representation being the most common.

  1. Free essay

    Consider the view that the liberal government reforms 1906-1914 were more concerned with the ...

    Labour party, not the liberals was considerably watered down when finally passed. The labour party requested that school children were guaranteed to be fed school meals provided by their local authority. The final act passed did not completely meet the needs of the labour party as all it managed to

  2. Why did the Liberals concentrate on poverty? 1906-11.

    Both can be seen as government initiatives because of the fact they were the only two members to propose a key reform. However, there is evidence to support the idea that there was opposition to some of the reforms within the cabinet.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work