• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Account for the overwhelming Liberal Landslide in the 1906 General Election.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Account for the overwhelming Liberal Landslide in the 1906 General Election. The Liberal Landslide of 1906 was one of the most overwhelming victories in politics of the Edwardian era, by the 1890's the Liberal Party seemed defeated and in disarray, a party incapable of forming government ever again. However, from the smouldering issue of Home Rule, which seemed to have burnt out the Liberals, like a great phoenix the liberal party rose once more to unite a nation and lead Great Britain in the final fling the British public were ever to have with the Liberals. The overwhelming landslide can be attributed to a number of factors, the desire for fresh ideas from the public, the policy of tariff reform pushed by the Tories, Balfour's ineffectual leadership, the Boer War and the re-unification of the Liberals, however, one factor above all others accounts for the landslide, and that is the electoral system and the liberals pact with labour. The British electoral system is a bastard democracy; it is an illegitimate form of national representation and it is the major factor in the liberals 'overwhelming' electoral success. The British electoral system is the First Past The Post model, it says that the candidate with the highest number of ...read more.

Middle

The thirst for new ideas drove to an increased popularity for the liberals; however, the overwhelming nature of the landslide victory was due to the electoral system. The policy of tariff reform was a devastatingly divisive issue and rejuvenated the Liberal Party, the continuation of this policy lead to a popularisation of the Liberal Party and led to disenchantment with Unionism and its ideals. The Tariff Reforms were the "brain child" of Joseph Chamberlain; it set out the ideals of an economic protectionist system, which would spearhead "Imperial Preference", and the taxation of foreign goods. This was one of the only issues, which would truly unite a devastated Liberal Party; it hit at the heart of Liberalism, which at its very core was the idea of Free Trade. The idea also split the Tory party who were not truly behind the idea of the Tariffs, it also caused great unease in the country as people still believed the Liberal mantra of Free Trade was the most effective and which was going to bring economic prosperity. Some feared that the price of bread would rise because there was a viscous campaign by the liberals with the slogan "No Stomach Tax", some feared retaliatory tariffs on British goods. ...read more.

Conclusion

They were united over the issue of Balfour's Education Act which had enraged non-conformists who despised paying for Anglican and Catholic education, non-conformists were the backbone of the liberal party and if they were enraged then the party was sure to sit up and take notice. The issue of Tariff Reform attacked the Liberals sacred value of Free Trade, the Unionists had hit a nerve and the Liberal party moved to unite the country behind their view of a world of Free Trade with out barriers to economic trade expansion. The Rowntree Report helped to unite the Liberals behind the banner of poverty relief, the Liberals unification was a significant factor in their rise to popularity but it was the electoral system which produced the Liberals with their overwhelming landslide. In Conclusion, the overwhelming Liberal landslide in the 1906 general election was due to the electoral system in Britain at the time and still persists today, the landslide gained by the liberals is not wholly representative of the gains they made, which were marginal, but marginal in enough places so as to give them the largest majority ever gained by the Liberal Party. Martin Fox 03/10/2003 History Account for the overwhelming Liberal Landslide in the 1906 General Election. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    This disrupted everything. Any money in Maltese coffers was taken by France to pay for the running of Malta, Therefore we can say that there was a difference between the ways France ran the country and by the way the British increased Malta's prosperity.

  2. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    Even in a close election, where the major parties were level-pegging, one party has usually been able to form a government independent of any coalition partners (see Norris 1996). Responsive and Accountable Government Yet governments are also seen as 'responsive'.

  1. Free essay

    Consider the view that the liberal government reforms 1906-1914 were more concerned with the ...

    The report noted that it was vital for children to acquire a fare amount of cleanliness and nutrition. It recommend that children should be given the chance to have "every branch of domestic hygiene, including the preparation of food, the practice of household cleanliness, the tendance and feeding of young

  2. Which major domestic and international factors made German unification possible?

    At first the people and the opposition groups representing them wanted to see either a new completely reformed SED party, or to just get them out of government completely, but after managing this they did not stop there, they were now striving for unification.

  1. Liberal success in 1906 owed more to conservative failure than liberal organization, To what ...

    However this then reintroduced a long-term battle between those who supported "protection," and the supporters of "Free-Trade." Which was the idea that goods flourished best with no government interference, and that putting tariffs on foreign goods only meant that these countries wouldn't buy British as a result, and therefore it had a reverse effect.

  2. The Rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire.

    occupy Roman lands he claimed them and almost launched an invasion of Rome. (The city came a few hairbreadths from invasion during Suleyman's conquest of Corfu.) In Europe he conquered Rhodes, most of Greece, Hungary and a major part of the Austrian Empire.

  1. Given Churchill’s popularity in the war, why did he lose the 1945 election?

    But Churchill was not so enthusiastic, he warned of a "dangerous optimism" which was developing in the country and was concerned about the cost of implementing the proposals. He wished for attention to concentrate on the winning of the war.

  2. Account for the overwhelming Liberal victory in 1906

    The trade unions were equally annoyed by the Conservatives' failure to reverse the Taff Vale judgement. In this sense, the result can be viewed as much as a negative reaction against Conservatism rather than an undecided support for Liberalism. Although this broad support gave the Liberals a strong foundation in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work