• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Account for the rise of militarism in Japan during the 1930s.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Chan Yiu Fai??? S7A (3) Chan Shu Kui Memorial School 15-1-2001 Account for the rise of militarism in Japan during the 1930s. Answer: Japanese militarism reached the peak?? in 1932-45. This era was called the "Dark Valley?????" in Japanese history. In its simplest meaning, militarism means prestige and greatness of Japan at the expense?? of other countries, an aggressive foreign policy, dominance?? and overall political control by military officers, a huge military budget, an intensive??? armament programme as well as militarist attitudes of the people as a whole. The rise of Japanese militarism in the 1930s was due to many factors. Firstly, the emergence of Shintoism??? in the late Tokugawa era provided Japanese militarism with the ideological foundation. Japanese people were the offspring?? of Sun Goddess????. Hence they were racially superior to other nations. Since Sun Goddess was the direct ancestor?? of the Japanese royal family, so the tenno?? was the centre of loyalty. Anyone who could influence the emperor was thus able to command the whole state. ...read more.

Middle

and Hirohito?? (1926-89) were weak. Nobody could control the Army and Navy, but they acted in the name of the emperor. The success of Japan's foreign policy in 1894-1919 justified?? her overseas aggression and raised the prestige of military personnel. For example, Japan defeated China in 1895; she gained an indemnity of 200 million taels?? and Taiwan. Defeating Russia in 1905, Japan not only monopolized?? Korea but became one of the greatest powers in the world. In 1919 Japan got Shandong?? and the German island colonies in the Pacific. She even became a permanent member of the Security Council of the League of Nations??????????????. Thus, Japanese people were convinced of the militarist demands for overseas aggression. Military personnel were their rightful????? leaders. Besides, industrialization necessitated?? Japan's expansion for the sake of?? raw materials, markets and places of investment. Failure of party government during the 1920s also discredited?????? parliamentary democracy???? in Japan. H. Wray says that the political parties of the Taisho era were "opportunistic, self-centred????, and limited in their conception?? ...read more.

Conclusion

Besides, the US Exclusion Act????of 1924 hurt Japanese national pride. The existence of ultra-nationalist secret societies added fuel to the rise of militarism in Japan, too. For instance, the Black Dragon Society??? and the League of Blood?? fanned up??? sentiments of Japanese racial superiority and thus encouraged overseas aggression. The most influential militarist intellectual was Kita Ikki???. He advocated?? the cause?? of "Showa Restoration????" to substitute?? the inefficient party government with military dictatorship. Some army men set up Sakurakai?? (Cherry Society) to agitate?? for militarism. They got many echoes??. The weakness of collective security?????? helped account for the rise of militarism in Japan. The League of Nations just paid lip services????? to stop Mussolini's aggression to Corfu??, Fiume??? and Somaliland????, which encouraged Japanese militarists to follow an expansionist foreign policy. The Shenyang Incident of 1931????? showed the initial?? disobedience??? of military men. The Guandong Army??? invaded Manchuria without the consent?? of the Tokyo central government. In the "May 15 Incident?????" of 1932 Premier Inukai??? was shot to death by naval officers and army cadets????. Frequent political assassinations?? and use of various terrors made party politicians submissive??. In 1940 the Imperial Rule Assistance Association????? started militarist rule formally in Japan. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What is the difference between a nation and a state? The rise of Nationalism

    The public's enormous interest in these moral and strategic questions was given a renewed charge by William Gladstone. For the first time in British and European history, a politician embarked on a modern political campaign.

  2. Was the rise and development of nationalism in Meiji Japan a result of the ...

    The conscription law and military training made sure that Japanese adults were imparted with the sentiments of Bushido, loyalty and patriotism. Public interest was considered first. Besides, during the Meiji Restoration, legal reforms were carried out with an intention to achieve respectability and equality with the West.

  1. The Rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire.

    However, for most of the time a huge and vastly complex spy network checked the government. The intelligence system was widely considered the best in the world until the twentieth century. Siyasa: Corruption needed punishment if it was to be stopped, and those who abused their power were subject to special jurisdiction that was called siyasa.

  2. How has the role and impact of military rulers and civilian politicians differed in ...

    Zia took over the country as the CMLA and suspended the constitution. It was the starting of the longest martial law in Pakistan. 5. ZIA: Zia, who came in power in July 1977 as a result of military coup, in order to justify his coup in terms of religious basis

  1. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    societati date, opimare care este facuta cu ajutorul organelor de stat c�t si cu metode populare. De asemenea autorul atrage atentia si asupra legilor, cutumelor si firii indivizilor, aceste trei elemente influent�nd foarte mult evolutia diverselor clase sociale sau politice care sf�rsesc prin a-si impune dominatia asupra altora.

  2. Did Democracy Survive in Britain in the 1930's as a Result of the Policies ...

    raw materials and food from them to strengthen their position in the economy. However, this worsens Britain's trade deficit as their imports increase and exports decrease weakening their economic position. In the same year interest rates were kept at an all time low of just 6% as the Government tried to encourage spending to kick-start the economy.

  1. Fascism and Communism in Britain in the 1930's

    Source E is by a respectable member of the community so you would of thought a reliable source To what extent can the failure of the fascist movement to challenge the existing political system be attributed to poor strategy and leadership?

  2. To what extent did the weakness of the Japanese government in the 1920's contribute ...

    This affected Japan in 1930, and it was said, "When New York catches a cold, Japan sneeze". This shows the close relationship between the economies of United States and Japan. As the American economy was badly hit by the Wallstreet clash in 1929, Japan's economy was also badly hit because

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work