• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9

America has a two-party political system.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Today it is widely considered that America has a two-party political system, i.e. two major political parties which regularly obtain over 40% of the popular vote in each major election. Today these are the Republicans and the Democrats, however in the time of Jefferson and Hamilton the distinctions which would serve to become the history of the present system were much more blurred and indistinct. With this in mind, my essay will discuss the reasons why a party system developed at all in America, and specifically the involvement of the two key players and the end of the 18th Century, namely Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. Firstly I believe it is important to mention that the founding fathers did at no point envisage a party system breaking out. It was their intention, it is believed, to have had a system by which a plethora of different individuals would voice their views through Congress and the partisanship which had characterised the corruption of the British Parliament throughout the 1700's would not be emulated in the New Land. Thus when partisanship began to develop, it was to the disappointment of the first president George Washington, who, in his Farewell Address, urged his countrymen to 'forswear excessive party spirit'1. ...read more.

Middle

This caused major controversy as at this time manufacturing was an infant industry and many Congressmen could not see the benefit of attempting to invest this industry. Hamilton claimed that it was to make the America less dependant on imports, especially from Britain, of tertiary goods12. Jefferson and Madison however saw Jefferson's other aims; to take Federal money away from agriculture and from the pockets of their main support base, and to transfer it to the pockets of the already wealthy; Hamilton's support base. It was not until further into the same year, (1791), that general ideological opposition turned into rebellion. Whisky was an important part of the western states economy and when a tax was levied on Whisky, dissatisfaction swept the states in which republicanism was growing in popularity. Hamilton claimed the tax was to cut down the excessive drinking of the Western Americas, but Jefferson saw it as a more sinister tax, specifically targeting his supporters13. More people now started to support Jefferson in protest to the government, and the movement became more organised, and thus it is this piece of legislation, which I believe was the spark to the blue paper of unrest that had been growing throughout the Americas towards Federal Government. Unrest turned to rebellion and what is significant I believe, in contradiction to Professor Norton*, is that the true importance was ...read more.

Conclusion

However, other events, such as the French Revolution and the Whisky rebellion clearly had the effect of developing the party's from small scattered 'interest groups' into organised political opposition. Hamilton's financial plan I believe is especially crucial. I believe that because it was deliberately controversial, and in a time when the people were adjusting to a new Federal government, it may have been this antagonism which mobilised organised political opposition. 1 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/gw1.html 2 P 197 Norton ..... A People and a nation 7th Edition 3 P.29 Bowers - Jefferson and Hamilton 4 P.28 Bowers - Jefferson and Hamilton 5 P.29 Bowers - Jefferson and Hamilton 6 P.198 Norton .... A people and a Nation 7th Edition 7 http://www.jimpoz.com/quotes/category.asp?categoryid=31 8 P.120 James Read - Power Versus Liberty 9 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3851909.stm 10 P. 199 Norton .... A People and a Nation 7th Edition 11 P.199 Norton .... A People and a Nation 7th Edition 12 P.199 Norton .... A People and a Nation 7th Edition 13 P.200 Norton .... A people and a Nation 7th Edition *I will refer to the Authors of A People and a Nation collectively under the name Professor Norton 14 P201 Norton .... A People and a Nation 7th Edition 15 P202 Norton .... A People and a Nation 7th Edition 16 P.207 Norton .... A People and a Nation 7th Edition American History - Q4A114 1 By David Weinberg 4020504 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Too much democracy is a recipe for anarchy. Discuss.

    This is arguing there should be checks and balances on government and one cannot totally rely on government as they work for their interest only. Many would argue that giving too much democracy is undesirable and impractical system of government.

  2. To what extent does Britain have a two party system?

    The Liberal democrat party also did particularly well in this election and they secured more parliamentary seats in 97 than any third party since 1929. Their 2001 election also proved this was not just a blip. The Liberals increased their vote share by 2% and gained 6 more seats bringing

  1. Is Britain a two-party or a multi party system, or something else?

    Firstly he agrees a concept called 'a centripetal pattern of competition' as the major parties seek to win votes from the median voters. It is in parties' interests to appeal to the widest demographic of the electorate, that way enabling them a chance in receiving the most votes.

  2. Kashmir Issue and Mediation.

    Sometime she favors Pakistan's stance on the Kashmir by saying that "Kashmir is territorial dispute between Pakistan and India that should be resolved under the Charter of UN".

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    A clear example was the anger of the church in Malta, of those Maltese Catholics, who said that the British, who were Protestants, were harbouring exiles that were anti-Pope, revolutionaries that were against Pope Pius IX due to the fact that the latter didn't want to surrender the Papal States, as he pretended a good part in the Italian Unification.

  2. Pakistan's Political and Economic Development

    He paved the way for Yahya Khan, who ruled for a few years till he made way for the socialist Zulfiqar Bhutto and his Pakistan People's Party. The Pakistan Peoples Party won free election in 1970 and formed the government as the ruling party.

  1. jeffersonian republicanism

    by a party that wished to diminish its size and influence, in is speech he announced, "We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists." His ideology of republicanism was that all men had equal justice regardless of state or persuasion, whether political or religious.

  2. To what extent has Germany's party system evolved from a multi-party system to a ...

    Party shook the German party system by providing itself as another option for the two major parties to share a coalition with. Following the collapse of the communist regime in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) there was a great deal of public and political pressure for reunification.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work