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Analyse the relationship between the executive wing of the UK government and the legislative assembly in the UK.

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Introduction

Analyse the relationship between the executive wing of the UK government and the legislative assembly in the UK. Most countries have a written constitution - a single document regulating the powers of its government and the rights and duties of its people. America is one such country to have a codified constitution. The United Kingdom is one of only a few countries which does not have a written constitution. The principal sources of our constitution are * statute laws which are made by Parliament * common laws which are formed through judgements made in the courts * conventions which are rules of political behaviour that are considered obligatory by and upon those who operate the constitution and are viewed as an essential part of the constitution even though they are not enforceable by law. * works of authority which provide guidance on the workings of the constitution but which are persuasive only As the constitution is unwritten it remains flexible enough to evolve as and when is needed. ...read more.

Middle

The House also scrutinises the work of the Government - it does so through various means, including questioning ministers in the Chamber and through the Select Committee system. Because the House of Commons is elected, unlike the Lords, a party that wins the majority of Commons seats is called upon to form the next government. The House of Lords is the second chamber of the Parliament. Members of the House consist of both hereditary peers (who now number only 92 following the House of Lords Act 1999) and life peers (who make up the rest of the 675 strong chamber). In general the role of the House of Lords is similar to that of the House of Commons in legislating, debating, and questioning the executive. The are two important exceptions though: members of the Lords do not represent constituencies, and are not involved in matters of taxation and finance. Committees within the House of Commons consist of Standing Committees and Select Committees. ...read more.

Conclusion

In this way they are more able to voice their opinion and that of their constituents instead of toeing the party line. One of the few times in the House of Commons when an MP is allowed to use their vote they way they see fit is when a Private Members bill is introduced. This is where an individual MP can introduce a bill before Parliament in an attempt to get it passed. MP's are given free reign over their vote mainly in matters of morality such as capital punishment or abortion. The Prime Minister presides over the Cabinet, decides the agenda of Cabinet meetings and has the power to both appoint and sack ministers. He leads his party into general elections and also represents his country on the international front. Unlike the President of the USA, who can choose anyone for his cabinet (even a member of the public from the street), the Prime Minister can only choose from amongst the elected MPs. Also, whereas the President of the USA does not have to defend himself or his actions to congress, the Prime Minister is answerable to Parliament. ...read more.

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