• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse voting behaviour in the period 1945-2001

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse voting behaviour in the period 1945-2001 Voting behaviour can be interpreted in various different ways, but when adopted with the term at face value, on a sociological level; there are many different reasons as to why the way people vote and what causes them to vote the way they do.The period from 1945-70 was the classic era of two-party dominance. Since the early seventies Conservative and Labour power has remained virtually unaltered in Parliament, but their grip has loosened in local government, and the popular foundations of the two party system have been eroded among voters. The following provides a fresh and accessible perspective on theories of electoral change, placing developments in Britain within their broader comparative context, and challenging many assumptions about trends in voting behavior. The primacy approach is long life characteristics which focus on the relatively stability of voting behavior. Political socialisation is the process by which people acquire their political attitudes, values and ways of behaving. The primacy approach assumes that the majority of people retain their party preference and voting habits are formed when they first become politically aware. ...read more.

Middle

There was also the greater longevity which gave women a more of a chance to loose the radical intense feeling of youth. However both suggestions cause no casual link between voting and gender as such. Women usually stayed at home and look after the family as they felt it was their natural position. In 1979 the gap narrowed and then disappeared. Labour appealed to women with issues such as health and education. Thatcher appealed to the "Macho image", whilst Labour appealed to matters such as abortion, health, divorce. They made an effort to convince women voters. There is an influence on the voting behavior which political scientists refer to as the "neighborhood effect". It stated that the more middle-class an area was, then the more conservative were middle class; the more working class an area there was a stronger support for Labour. Hence voters therefore, tend to conform to the locally dominant political norm. Labour is more stronger in urban areas, while Conservatives are more stronger in the rural areas. The reasons for this are quite complex but are related to the different economic structure of the region in terms of social class. ...read more.

Conclusion

A protest vote is a negative vote. It is a negative vote against a policy or against the current direction of the government, rather than a vote fro the opposition parties. Protest voting is more common in by-elections than in general elections. In June 1994 a conservative majority of 17,702 was overthrown in the Eastleigh by-election, it was a clear sign that the voters of Eastleigh wanted to protest about the government's recent behaviour. On reason why the conservatives did so badly in the local elections during 1979-1997 was that people who voted Conservatives in general elections were prepared to register a protest vote against the government in local elections. Within the last 60 years or so voting trends have changed fairly dramatically, Recency issues seem to have more of an impact at elections. Determinants such as age, gender occupation, all these influences and political affiliations seem to have slowly withered away although they still form the basis of voting behaviour. This has made it increasingly difficult to attribute voting behaviour to a single source such as social class. Voters seem to "swing" from part to party in an election, however they provide a vital source of change in democratic politics. Chandni Bhatt ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The position of the New Labour government with Tony Blair ahead of that government.

    in non-competitive way of life, as competition, in Marxists' view, creates concentration on fewer but bigger and richer firms (bourgeoisie class) and bigger but poorer proletariat class, and in such idea that government should be the only body to make decisions about the economy.

  2. Asylum seekers

    proposals to change asylum procedures and introduce new controls, such as biometric smart cards. The new legislation assumes that Section 128 of the Immigration Act, allowing for detention, can still be used against asylum seekers, when the High Court has said it should not.

  1. Evaluate strengths and weaknesses of various voting systems regarding voting

    Those votes that supported other candidates are lost (not counted) and those surplus votes for the winner are also unnecessary. Because votes are wasted in this way, there is no proportional link between the total votes cast for each party nationally and the final number of seats (MPs)

  2. In this essay I will explain the distinctive features of the Scottish political system, ...

    in the former Scottish Office were divided between the Scottish Executive and the Secretary of State for Scotland. The ministerial powers and duties relating to devolved matters were transferred to the Scottish Ministers in the Scottish Executive while the responsibilities relating to reserved matters were retained by the Secretary of State for Scotland.

  1. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    Australia is divided into 148 single-member constituencies. Instead of a simple 'X', voters rank their preferences among candidate (1,2,3...). To win, candidates need an absolute majority of votes. Where no-one gets over 50 per cent after first preferences are counted, then the candidate at the bottom of the pile with the lowest share of the vote is eliminated, and their votes are redistributed amongst the other candidates.

  2. Factors which influence the Electorates voting behaviour.

    and voting behaviour. Geographic Region There is a quite apparent North/South divide when it comes to voting behaviour in Britain. Southern electorate tend to vote Conservative, whereas Northern voters are more likely to vote Labour. One reason for this may be that, The Conservative Party is seen to be the party of the middle and upper class.

  1. Is New Labour a Conservative Party?

    time has given the impression of being a strong, eloquent and charismatic leader. The biggest change from old Labour is in the departure from the cautious initial agenda over taxation and spending on the public services. For the first two years in office Chancellor Gordon Brown kept a tight reign

  2. Should the voting age be lowered to 16 years?

    The Labour party leader Ed Millban feels if someone is contributing to society and paying taxes than they should have one of the most important rights in the world the right to vote. He follows the ethos of 16 year olds are working and paying tax they can also join to the army make other important life changing decisions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work