• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Appeasement courswerrk

Extracts from this document...


1. Examine the main factors which led British governments to follow a policy of 'appeasement' in the period 1931-38. There are many fundamental factors which influenced the British government to follow a policy of appeasement during 1931 - 1938. There are two distinct categories, idealistic thinking from the public who were anxious over the perilous German aerial capability combined with the memories of WW1. Therefore it was in the interest of all countries to avoid any similar outcome. Britain was feeble with restricted numbers in the air force and army, additionally in the number of allies it had. This was as the rational reasoning behind appeasement. ...read more.


Furthermore Chamberlain informed the Cabinet in September 1938 that Mussolini and Hitler were 'dictators of moods' and their 'arms limited'. Britain's economy was weak following WW1, with only 120 functional aircraft by 1920. The Chief of Staffs had explained to the government in 1937 that the army and RAF were not able to overcome an invasion from Japan, Germany and Italy. They detailed that they must resolve their problems with 2 of the 3 countries that signed the Anti-Comintern Pact. Britain was also in large debt, �7,500 million with the USA demanding over �1,250 million. The government wasn't able to go to war due to its financial position, hence the policy of appeasement. ...read more.


Britain wanted to avoid bringing in naval troops from the imperial world. Additionally New Zealand and Australia were conscious of the Japanese threat in Asia and also wanted to appease Germany; however Chamberlain didn't recognize the comparison with imperialist government's appeasement and territory loss. Another reason for appeasement was high losses from WW1 which were so devastating that another war would further reduce Britain's young population, therefore affecting the economy. British politicians from WW1 advised the government to appease Germany due to WW1 deaths (over 20 million). They set up alliances such as the Anglo-German Naval Agreement to help avoid war. Britain was a pacifist nation, who held large demonstrations, for example the Peace Pledge Ballet of 1935 (11.5 million people), also the Peace Pledge Union poll illustrated that 93% of Britain preferred disarmament. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Why did Mussolini become leader of

    Paris peace conference were not as many as she had originally been promised. Italy was given Trentino, Trieste, Tyrol and Istria but she did not get any former German colonies nor any land in Asia Minor, Albania or Dalmatia, so understandably there was much resentment against the weak unsucessful foreign policy of the Italian government.

  2. Representation and Democracy in Britain 1830 – 1931

    During Peel's government they passed a number of economic reforms but while doing this the party became increasing divided. Two main reforms led to the eventual separation of the party. The first was in 1845 when many Old Tories voted against the Maynoth grant which was a piece of religiously

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work