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Assess the contribution of Stolypin to the Stability of the Tsarist Regime.

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Introduction

Assess the contribution of Stolypin to the Stability of the Tsarist Regime Antony Aleagha 12NR Improvements after 1905 After 1905, The Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin allowed peasants to buy strips of land, which they could own and work on. However many peasants couldn't afford the land so Stolypin set up a bank to lend the peasants money which was expected back. The peasants couldn't pay back so Stolypin took their land and told them they could find work at the Trans Siberian Railway, many headed to places such as Omsk or Irkursk to find there was no jobs. They headed back to European Russia furious at the Tsar and Stolypin He Dumas that were supposed to aid the country just bowed down to the Tsars wishes. ...read more.

Middle

However some things did get better in Russia, between 1906 and 1914 there was an industrial boom in Russia thanks to the Dumas. They rose to become an economic superpower with the 4th largest steel, coal, oil and pig iron in the world. This led to jobs becoming available to the peasants. The Stolypin and Kokovtsov Governments In 1907 Stolypin instituted a series of major reforms. In June 1907, he dissolved the Second Dumas and promulgated a new electoral law, which vastly reduced the electoral weight of lower-class and non-Russian voters and increased the weight of the nobility. This political coup had the desired short-term result of restoring order. New elections in the fall returned a more conservative Third Dumas, which Octobrists dominated. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stolypin hoped that the reform program would create a class of conservative landowning farmers loyal to the tsar. Most peasants did not want to lose the safety of the commune or to permit outsiders to buy village land, however. By 1914 only about 10 percent of all peasant communes had been dissolved. Nevertheless, the economy recovered and grew impressively from 1907 to 1914, both quantitatively and through the formation of rural cooperatives and banks and the generation of domestic capital. By 1914 Russian steel production equalled that of France and Austria-Hungary, and Russia's economic growth rate was one of the highest in the world. Although external debt was very high, it was declining as a percentage of the gross national product (GNP--see Glossary), and the empire's overall trade balance was favourable. ...read more.

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