• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the Impact of the First World War on British Politics by 1918.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the Impact of the First World War on British Politics by 1918 When the First World War broke out the Liberal party, with Asquith as their leader was in power and at the driving seat of British politics. By the end of the war the party had split and ultimately died. The Conservatives on the other hand were revitalised by the war, and came out as the leading party in British politics. Labour were given time to develop, eventually meaning they would replace the Liberals as one of the two main political powers. While the Representation of the People Act (coming right after the end of the war) gave millions more people the franchise. The Great War was to vastly change British politics. The war had a different impact on each political party and to assess the overall impact of the war on British politics we have to look at the impact it had on the individual parties. Although it can be argued that at the outbreak of war the Liberal government were already in decline, the war heralded their death. Many historians believe that at the outbreak of the war the Liberals had become an irrelevance. ...read more.

Middle

Of all three parties the Tories were the winners at the end of the war in 1918. They were the only fully united party and had the advantage of Liberal divisions and Labour inexperience. Although they had no Prime Minister during the war, they were in a strong period to dominate the inter-war period. The war re-asserted the Tories as the most powerful force in British politics and put them in a position to dominate the British government during the inter war period. The war was also of significance to the Labour party. Although in the short term the war exposed the divisions in the Labour party, in the long term it helped their development. At the outbreak of war there was a split in the Labour party as many were pacifists, believing it was a class war fought on behalf of the rich. However those who were opposed generally did not campaign against it, and so this division was no were near as bad as that in the Liberal party, and it was not a lasting split. In the long term the war can be seen to have affected the party positively. Labour gained vital ministerial experience from the war as Henderson was in both coalition governments. ...read more.

Conclusion

By the time the coalition collapsed Unionists had 344 seats, Lloyd George Libs a mere 53. This general election shows the large impact the war had on British politics. It led to a four year post-war experiment in peacetime coalition government. This election effectively redrew the political map of Britain as Labour and Liberal strongholds fell to the coalition. This coalition government shows just how much the Great War changed British politics. Ultimately the Great War had a huge impact on British politics. The upheval on the political scene was immense. The war caused the demise of one of the two main pre war political parties and placed the Conservatives in a position to control the inter war government. It also affected what would soon become the second party of British politics, giving Labour time to develop. It allowed them to re-assert their independence and re-organise, which led to them fully maturing as a political party. It also partly led to the Representation of the People act, which greatly affected British politics. This act massively increased the no. that could vote and so made Britain more democratic. Blake said when speaking about the impact of the First World War 'In the world of politics, remarkable transformations were to take place... The old party divisions were to blur and fade and new alignments were to arise, new allegiances, new enmities.' ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How significant was The First World War in the Labour Party's rise to second-party ...

    Wales, not to mention Lancashire and the fishing town of Jarrow where more than 90% unemployment was experienced, became increasingly inclined to vote Labour in light of Liberal failings. Regarding the view that Labour was responsible for destroying The Liberals, Phillips claims after the fall of the 1922 Coalition "it

  2. What did the post-war consensus in British politics amount to? Why did it ...

    delay or water down those directives which they thought went too far. It is obvious that the consensus could not endure indefinitely. There were only so many cracks that could be papered over, the party faithful could only be betrayed a limited number of times.

  1. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    significant share of the vote, like the Canadian Progressive Conservatives in 1993, or the Alliance party in New Zealand in 1993, or the British Liberal Democrats in 1983, but who win few seats because their support is thinly spread geographically.

  2. Examine the impact that independence had economically, socially, and politically in Indonesia.

    As it can be seen from the three arguments, independence for Indonesia did benefit the country economically, socially, and politically. It can be argued, however, that despite the fact that independence did affect each aspect individually, the economical, social, and political aspects of the country supported each other through the transition from colonialism to a republic.

  1. 'THE SEPERATION OF POWERS: FACT OR FICTION UNDER THE BRITISH CONSTITUTION?'

    this, who is appointed by the Prime Minister in which we have voted for. The judges are not only not elected, coming from a narrow social and political band they are not even representative. We find the same judges in the panel; 'Cambridge Law students, upper class white males'.

  2. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    enable ethnic groups to take up the challenge with the Bangladesh state to draw attention to their respective mother tongues which were neglected in mainstream education. On the 19th February 2000, six organizations mostly representatives of indigenous communities met in Dhaka university to demand fundamental rights like constitutional recognition and establishment of educational rights in their mother tongue.

  1. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    a great power appeared to have again been thwarted by the weaknesses of the Liberal politicians. Nationalists were against what they saw as a weak Liberal system that failed to protect Italy's interests. This negative type of nationalism was growing because: o The Liberals were considered incompetent due to the inefficient way they directed the war effort (e.g.

  2. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    Majoritarian System- * First Past The Post * Used in UK, USA, Canada and India * Candidates who gain the most amounts of votes in the constituency in which they are running in become the MP for that constituency and wins a seat in Parliament.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work