• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the Impact of the First World War on British Politics by 1918.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess the Impact of the First World War on British Politics by 1918 When the First World War broke out the Liberal party, with Asquith as their leader was in power and at the driving seat of British politics. By the end of the war the party had split and ultimately died. The Conservatives on the other hand were revitalised by the war, and came out as the leading party in British politics. Labour were given time to develop, eventually meaning they would replace the Liberals as one of the two main political powers. While the Representation of the People Act (coming right after the end of the war) gave millions more people the franchise. The Great War was to vastly change British politics. The war had a different impact on each political party and to assess the overall impact of the war on British politics we have to look at the impact it had on the individual parties. Although it can be argued that at the outbreak of war the Liberal government were already in decline, the war heralded their death. Many historians believe that at the outbreak of the war the Liberals had become an irrelevance. ...read more.

Middle

Of all three parties the Tories were the winners at the end of the war in 1918. They were the only fully united party and had the advantage of Liberal divisions and Labour inexperience. Although they had no Prime Minister during the war, they were in a strong period to dominate the inter-war period. The war re-asserted the Tories as the most powerful force in British politics and put them in a position to dominate the British government during the inter war period. The war was also of significance to the Labour party. Although in the short term the war exposed the divisions in the Labour party, in the long term it helped their development. At the outbreak of war there was a split in the Labour party as many were pacifists, believing it was a class war fought on behalf of the rich. However those who were opposed generally did not campaign against it, and so this division was no were near as bad as that in the Liberal party, and it was not a lasting split. In the long term the war can be seen to have affected the party positively. Labour gained vital ministerial experience from the war as Henderson was in both coalition governments. ...read more.

Conclusion

By the time the coalition collapsed Unionists had 344 seats, Lloyd George Libs a mere 53. This general election shows the large impact the war had on British politics. It led to a four year post-war experiment in peacetime coalition government. This election effectively redrew the political map of Britain as Labour and Liberal strongholds fell to the coalition. This coalition government shows just how much the Great War changed British politics. Ultimately the Great War had a huge impact on British politics. The upheval on the political scene was immense. The war caused the demise of one of the two main pre war political parties and placed the Conservatives in a position to control the inter war government. It also affected what would soon become the second party of British politics, giving Labour time to develop. It allowed them to re-assert their independence and re-organise, which led to them fully maturing as a political party. It also partly led to the Representation of the People act, which greatly affected British politics. This act massively increased the no. that could vote and so made Britain more democratic. Blake said when speaking about the impact of the First World War 'In the world of politics, remarkable transformations were to take place... The old party divisions were to blur and fade and new alignments were to arise, new allegiances, new enmities.' ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    The main roots of the crisis on the CHT centered on the land issue, transfer of population from plain districts and the control of administration by non-inhabitants of the CHT. Besides, discrimination, deprivation and exploitation in social, cultural, economic and political fields and the program of assimilation of the indigenous

  2. How significant was The First World War in the Labour Party's rise to second-party ...

    decision to continue with the coalition arrangement after the war perpetuated the split."19 Indeed Phillips supports this view adding, "The Liberals electoral organisation had unquestionably suffered from the resultant ill-feeling and uncertainty."20 The "coupon" election returned 136 Liberals to office, however "many of their seats were held by courtesy of

  1. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    Fairness to minor parties For advocates of majoritarian elections, responsible party government takes precedence over the inclusion of all parties in strict proportion to their share of the vote. In this view the primary purpose of general elections is for parliament to function as an indirect electoral college which produces an effective, stable government.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    Furthermore, and equally disappointing, Italy did not gain a share of Germany's colonies in Africa. Again Italians felt cheated. Many Italians had made great sacrifices during the war and they had been looking forward to the fruits of victory - they felt betrayed.

  1. Was the most important reason for the collapse of the coalition government in 1922 ...

    George, the whole party were involved also the party was only formed during the war and was intended only for the duration of the war it was not designed to be a peacetime government. As it did not have any policies or agendas for this type of government so it

  2. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    * 1992 - Conservative gained 14,091,891 votes giving them a 21 seat majority. * 1997 - Labour gained 13,516,632 votes giving them a 179 seat majority. * Pspehology - The study of elections and voting behaviour. * Popular Vote - percentage of Britain's voters that support a party.

  1. A Detail on the British Empire Between the Great Wars, from 1918 to 1939.

    To make matters worse, Britain returned to the Gold Standard in 1925, making its currency extremely stable and attractive to buyers. This in turn drove up the Pound's exchange rate, augmenting the already-high price of exports: Britain's customers could no longer afford the high price of British produced goods, and

  2. DanielO’Connell – 1775 – 1847

    Though membership of the Association was not confined to Catholics, O'Connell did aim at making the Irish Catholic Church an integral part of the whole movement, since, as he rightly realised, the role of the parish priests was of crucial importance in spreading the message of the Association and helping to collect me Catholic rent.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work