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By 1914, how successful had Liberal Governments been at creating a united Italy?

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Introduction

By 1914, how successful had Liberal Governments been at creating a united Italy? By 1914 Italy was still a new country compared to Britain, France and other countries around the world. Italy by 1914 was a considered a country in its own right, however to have a successful country you need unification. To find out how successful the Liberal Governments had been, we need to look at Foreign Policy, Economy, Political System, Cultural/National identity, and National security. In 1881 Italy had hoped to take control of Tunisia but it had been lost to France. Then in 1882 Italy joined the Anti-France Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary and Germany. In 1896 the Liberal Government sent in troops to Adowa in Ethiopia, and suffered a massive defeat from the Abyssinians and there were 15000 Italian countries as well. The government wanted to have an empire to contend with that of Britains and Frances, however they had not looked at problems at home first and not only were people forced into the army the defeat had not improved unity only made the massed less united. However there was a success for Italy in 1911 when they had taken control of Libya from the Turks, but to pay for the wars the general public had to be taxed and by 1900 the Italians were believed to be the most heavily taxed people in Europe. ...read more.

Middle

The government however had done everything to improve the situation in the North and basically ignored the South. Italy's political system was stable and this is proved because they held a voting government for 44 years. In the early years of the Liberal Government only 25% of people could vote, in 1912 this was extended to all men over the age of 30. Many men allowed to vote didn't bother because the government was so corrupt the same person would be the Prime Minister even if there was a landslide vote for someone else. Despite this the government believed that only the rich, powerful and those well educated. The masses were thought to be insignificant in the eyes and incapable of voting and making the right decision for their country, therefore the government thought themselves to be above everyone else. This meant that they didn't make the best decisions for the country, as with the businessmen the government was more worried about balancing their budget and keeping as much money for themselves as possible. The government also wanted to build up a large military and wanted to build up an overseas empire that could compete with Britains. The general public of Italy only had basic rights like freedom of religion and freedom of speech which if contradicted or opposed the government they were quick to use military force to put it down. ...read more.

Conclusion

These places were controlled by Austria-Hungary and they had been allies with Italy but they took back this land but only with the help of the French. The Italian national security was very poor even though they were allies with Austria-Hungary. The defeat at Adowa proved this. So how successful had the Liberal government been at creating a united Italy? Not very from the point of view of the general public as the government had only really helped the North and not the South, which created a divide between the two parts of Italy. Neither had the government listened to the people and this made the general public fell that the government was only worried about itself. However the Italian government did want to unite Italy but in a different way from the public. The government felt that the way to build up a country and higher its moral was to build an empire. The government had also created a national economy with the abolishing of internal trade tax, the expansion of industry (in the north) and people weren't just producing enough for themselves. I believe that the government was unsuccessful in uniting Italy because they had not pleased the masses of ordinary people. Until a majority of the masses are pleased there will always be uprisings of governments and riots trying to introduce new laws or a whole new governmental system. ...read more.

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