• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Civil Strife in China from 1900.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Civil Strife in China from 1900 The civil strife began with the end of Manchu China from 1898, with the 100 Days reforms. These reforms made changes to civil service, education and reorganized China's industrial lines to adapt to the west. These changes were made mainly made to stave off criticism and respond to extension in 1890 of foreign enclaves and China's defeat against the Japanese in 1895. Although the going under of the emperor, he was still trying to show that he had power, but empress Cixi overawed the emperor and dismissed all of his reformist supporters. Cixi then gave support to the Boxers, a group of anti-western societies practiced in martial arts, to massacre the westerners in China. ...read more.

Middle

Nationalism- to restore China's position as a sovereign state 2. Democracy- in sense of national rather than personal freedom 3. People's Livelihood- development of national capital or government owned enterprises to protect industry Sun Yatsen realized he was using western ideas, but was making them appropriate for China. In 1908, China's fate changed within one day. The emperor and Cixi both died, leaving China in the hands if the two year old Pu Yi. The first sign of revolution came on the 10th October 1911, the so called Double Tenth, in Wuhan, where troops refused to obey orders to suppress a group of dissidents. By the end of November, all but three of China's provinces south of Beijing had declared themselves independent of central control. ...read more.

Conclusion

He was forced to fund his government through foreign loans. The Guamindang used this act to try and criticize him, but all opposition was crushed. In November 1913, Sun Yatsen fled to Japan, hoping to concentrate on restructuring Guomindang as disciplined, centrally directed body. Yuan consolidated his power by banning parliament and parties, including GMD. He also abolished regional assemblies which were set up in 1912. In 1915 he then announced that he would restore imperial title and accept it for himself. Yuan's acts aroused fierce opposition, a few provinces declared themselves independent from Beijing and some generals in Beijing defected. Yuan was forced to renounce throne in March 1916 and three months later he died. After his death, he left a republican government that was split between rival factions, without loyalty of the army. This way China slid further into confusion and fragmentation. Mikhail Schemm 12L ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Economics Changes after the Communist Revolution in China

    Food was shared out equally, not according to how much work had been done, so harder working families did less because they couldn't see the point in doing more work than others. Most of the 300 million peasants who had received land in 1950 were therefore landless again.

  2. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    The profits from these enterprises were then paid directly into the State Treasury, giving the government around two thirds of its yearly income. A peoples bank was opened in 1951 to replace the private banks. The peoples bank had control of all financial transactions.

  1. Prospects for India's development

    The red-tape is so rampant that foreign companies find joint ventures with local groups a safer and easier way to learn the "India way of doing business", which can vary on intensity from the use of influence in dealing with government officials to the payment of bribes.

  2. How powerful was Britainin 1900?

    trade, and their currency wasn't as highly valued as that of Britain leaving them lower in power and status as they could not match the economy value of Great Britain. Also Britain could not be attacked directly successfully unless an opponent first obtained command of the seas.

  1. How much power and influence does the civil service have?

    Ministers are the representatives of the elected government of the country, with most ministers being MPs they will have been elected. Some ministers will be from the House of Lords, and therefore, not elected, and the government is not directly elected but at least it has some democratic credentials as it is drawn from the House of Commons.

  2. The American Civil War

    (Bailey 294, Anonymous "Martin..." 1-3) In 1841, Van Buren was ousted by popular politics and Harrison floated into office on a sea of hard cider (Garraty 381). The Whigs were ecstatic. Daniel Webster, a leader of the Whigs, was especially so. Tasked with editing Harrison's inaugural, Webster was free to change it as he wished.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work