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Compare and contrast the major fertility issues facing an LEDC and an MEDC

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Introduction

Chris Dubock 11kk 14/10/04 Compare and contrast the major fertility issues facing an LEDC and an MEDC In this essay the LEDC will be the Dominican Republic and the MEDC shall be Switzerland. There should be a variety of contrasting factors because the Dominican Republic is a poor country and has to use the little money it has to help with problems that may occur in the country, where as Switzerland is a very rich country and thus has a lot more money to spend on the problems within the country. One of these problems is the fertility. There are three main issues, which are the social, political and economic implications. Map of where Dominican Republic is: Map of where Switzerland is: The first part is the social trends within the two countries to do with fertility. Starting with the fact that in both LEDCs and MEDCs the age that people get married has increased a surprising amount between the 1970s to 1990s. In LEDCS men are now getting married at a median age of 27.2 from 25.4 and 22.0 to 26.1 years old for women. ...read more.

Middle

The second part is the political issues. The largest part of the political issues is Family Planning. Family planning has helped fertility rates a lot in developing and developed countries. In Switzerland it has increased all sorts of contraception. The percentage of people using any sort of contraception has increased from 1980 having 71.2 to 82.0 in 1995. The increase of 64.9 to 77.5 has occurred for percentage of people using modern contraceptive methods. And there has been an increase in use of condoms from 8.4 per cent to 14.2 per cent. And having an over all increase on contraception in developed countries from 1970 to 1990 of 38 per cent up to 52 per cent of woman. There is an increase in Dominican Republic overall percentage of people using contraception too; this is 31.7 in 1975 per cent to 64.7 per cent in 2000. There is also a increase of the percentage of people using modern contraceptive methods of 26.0 to 62.5. But what differs from that of Switzerland is that the percentage of people using condoms has decreased since 1975 and gone from 1.5 to 0.9. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thirdly there are some economic issues. One of the main reason that people in LEDCs have children and in MEDCs they don't is an economic issue. In LEDCs a reason for people to have more children is because they will bring an income into the house. And in Dominican Republic the annual number of births (thousands) in 1970 was 163.0 and in 2000 is 189.3. Where as in Switzerland women now days would rather work and have a career and leave children to later on in life. And the annual number of births (thousands) in 1970 were 99.2 and in 2002 had decreased to 72.0. In the 1950s there was a "baby boom" this was due to the fact that so many people go killed in the 1940s in the world war. This is a problem because jobs that needed to be filled weren't being filled or filled by less experienced employees. There was a reduction to in most developed countries a fertility less than 1.3 children per women. Overall I think governments were not doing enough to help the fertility problem in MEDCs or LEDCs but now they are starting to realise they have to do something and have started helping the problem and that it will get better over time. ...read more.

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