• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Comparing the German and Russian systems of government

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Comparing the German and Russian systems of government The following essay will aim to compare the systems of government of Germany and post-communist Russia in terms of their type of legislature, their political executive and their territorial organisation of authority. When studying the German system of government it is important to realise that the German political system is that of a liberal democracy. In this type of political system all citizens have the right to say what they think about certain government policies and they can vote for whatever political party they want. Therefore freedom of speech and assembly play major roles in everyday political life and the citizens need not worry about any sort of threat to their lives. In a state such as Germany everyone is regarded as equal and this type of political system is largely stable with little or no violence. In comparison Russia's political system is a federation democracy, in which the Russian population and political parties do have some freedom of speech and assembly but they are set within boundaries. In Russia the government may impose heavy punishment upon citizens who overstep these boundaries. This type of system is somewhere between a liberal democracy and a personal authoritarian regime. In terms of national legislature Germany has a bicameral parliament (made up of two chambers). These two chambers are the Bundestag (Federal Diet or lower house) and the Bundesrat (Federal Council or upper house). ...read more.

Middle

These include laws on the federal budget and taxes; financial, foreign currency, credit, and customs regulation and money emissions; the ratification or rejection of international treaties; the status and protection of the country's borders; and declarations of war and peace. However, if the law is rejected, committees comprised of representatives of both houses may be set up to make appropriate changes, and the law may go back to the Duma for another vote. The State Duma is a highly influential institution and according to the guidelines set out in the constitution, the Duma's responsibilities include approving the president's choice of prime minister and holding a confidence vote on the government. It also has the right to declare amnesties and begin impeachment proceedings against the president. The Federation Council, the Federal Assembly's upper chamber, has 178 deputies, two from each of Russia's 89 regions. One of the members is the locally elected executive head; the other is the head of the regional legislature, selected by the elected regional deputies. As with the Bundesrat in Germany The Federation Council is the weaker half of the legislature. However The Federation Council is still vested with considerable authority under the 1993 constitution. Deputies have the power to confirm border changes within the federation, approve the introduction of martial law or a state of emergency by the president and vote on the deployment of Russian armed forces outside of its borders. The federation council is also empowered to schedule presidential elections, impeach the president, approve the appointment of Constitutional and Supreme Court judges and approve or dismiss the General Prosecutor. ...read more.

Conclusion

The main government divides territory among smaller districts because of the country's size and it makes it easier to manage and disperses power. 'The federal principle is the method of dividing powers so that the general and regional governments are each, within a sphere, co-ordinate and independent'3. The German government sovereign authority is territorial shared between the main federation and the 16 component states (Lander) that I have already mentioned. These 16 political districts are made up of 11 old states and 5 that have been created since the reunion of the East and West. Likewise, in May 2000 the Russian president Putin divided Russia into 7 federal districts, each encompassing several republics and each headed by a presidential enforcer tasked to maintain the supremacy of federal law. A major difference between the German and Russian federal states is the fact that Germany has a far more stable system of government. Russia on the other hand experienced many federal problems and losing control over its district of Chechnya provides one such example. Russia used military force against Chechnya. This is not very democratic and demonstrates the unstable state of Russia's Government. In conclusion the system of government in the two countries is different. There is a contrasting executive power between the countries, with Russia's president being very powerful and the German president having very little power. Despite this there are some similarities, for example the way in which the legislative sector of government is split into two chambers. Territorial however, they have both divided themselves into federal districts or states but have experienced various levels of success and go about controlling them in very different ways. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What are the main differences between 'liberal democratic', 'authoritarian' and 'totalitarian' political systems?

    This obviously has a massive impact on many other aspects of rule as in a democracy the government has a significant level of accountability but in both an authoritarian and totalitarian system popular opinion holds no consequences. If a government is seen to fail in the eyes of the majority

  2. How and why did Federation occur?

    What were the main features of the White Australia Policy? * Immigration Restriction Act - 1901. This was the first act of law passed by the new Federal Government and it restricted entry into Australia. * The Dictation test was introduced to ensure that those who weren't white could be kept out legally.

  1. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    Even in a close election, where the major parties were level-pegging, one party has usually been able to form a government independent of any coalition partners (see Norris 1996). Responsive and Accountable Government Yet governments are also seen as 'responsive'.

  2. Which major domestic and international factors made German unification possible?

    An example of this can been seen in the fact that between 10th of September, when Hungary opened its Western borders, and the end of the month when the GDR stopped issuing travel permits to those wishing to enter Hungary, 25,000 people had already left East Germany.

  1. Free essay

    Outline the principal sources of authority available to US presidents. How similar is executive ...

    in order to win over both congress and public opinion, two crucial groups to keep satisfied in order to properly implement his policy agenda. There is then a subset of factors that influence the extent to which the president can carry out the above activities.

  2. Devolution, is the granting of power by a superior authority to a minor authority. ...

    It could be argued that it has strengthened ties as the enmity once felt in Scotland regarding the domination of London has now decreased be degrees. The 2001 election result did not show a great boost for the SNP as would have been expected if the bulk of Scottish voters still felt let down by the devolutionary process.

  1. Constitutional and administrative law.

    The function of the executive branch is to formulate policies and have conduct of administration within the state. It is the role of the legislature to legislate and thereby translate such policies into law. The judicial branch adjudicates in instances of dispute and thereby enforces the laws of the state.

  2. Parliamentary government and Presidential government

    Parliamentarism is praised, relative to presidentialism, for its flexibility and responsiveness to the public. It is faulted for its tendency to sometimes lead to unstable governments, as in the German Weimar Republic and the French Fourth Republic. Parliamentary systems usually have a clear differentiation between the head of government and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work