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Contribution of both Gladstone and Disraeli to British Politics between 1846 and 1865

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Introduction

Contribution of both Gladstone and Disraeli to British Politics between 1846 and 1865 The debate over the Corn Laws in 1846 brought Gladstone and Disraeli much closer to the forefront of British Politics. Gladstone was part of the Tory party led by his mentor Peel who supported the abolition of the Corn Laws and in essence supported Free Trade. The Tory party were divided on whether to support Free Trade; Disraeli was a leading player in the section of the Tory party, which wanted to keep Britain's policy of Protectionism. Disraeli's first major contribution to British politics was being a key player in the split of the Tory party in 1946, which led to the Tories not forming a majority Government until 1874. In 1946, Gladstone left the Whigs after Peel's resignation over the Irish Coercion Bill and joined his party of Peelites. Gladstone had a key role within the Peelites, which was a major contributing factor to preventing the Tories returning to power with a majority. In 1952 Disraeli was Chancellor of the Tory government. This government was led by Derby and was weak in names and ability. It could be argued that a major achievement of Disraeli's was being a major player in keeping the Tories alive and remotely electable for the 20 years after it's split. ...read more.

Middle

Some historians believe Gladstone's contribution to the Liberals start was large as he held a key role in Government and kept the economy running very smoothly and that he was very successful, and later as a key member of the Liberal party created some important new policies and brought ideas to the mainstream which we still use today. However some argue that he was not in the Willis tearooms when the Liberal party formed, and his predecessor Lewis had the left the country's economy in a very good state with little or no work to be done, leaving Gladstone in an easy position to be successful. Arguing he was in essence an opportunist despite taking the moral high ground which made him worse than Disraeli. Gladstone's budgets between 1959 and 1965 were seen as key pieces of legislation and Gladstone is arguably the most famous 19th Century figure for his budgets. He ran his budgets on his fundamental principles, of tax received by Government being a sacred trust from the people and must not be wasted, tax should be as low as possible and that economy was a virtue in which the Government had to set an example. Gladstone's first budget in 59 set the standard for the rest of his time as Chancellor. ...read more.

Conclusion

Disraeli failed to do this during his short-lived time as Chancellor and it was Gladstone who put and end to him as Chancellor. Disraeli had far fewer opportunities than Gladstone to achieve much as the Tories were in Government for only around 18 months during this period. However it could be argued that Disraeli played a major role in keeping the Conservatives alive, leaving them to be electorally strong before too long, when he could then make an impact. He also played a role in preventing or delaying much of the reforms that Gladstone and the Liberals wanted. Disraeli also modernised the Tory party and knew that for the Conservatives to remain a key party in British politics they would have to appeal to as many people as possible. As Gladstone was giving people of less wealth the vote the Conservatives would have to appeal to them as they were in larger numbers than the rich landowners who they currently appealed to. As the Tories were the main party of the 20th century he can be given credit for laying the foundations for them to be so strong with some leaders such as Thatcher appealing greatly to the working class. However perhaps the most significant issue of this period was that both men started their huge rivalry and many argue hatred in 1952 which shaped and divided British politics for many years. ...read more.

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