• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Contribution of both Gladstone and Disraeli to British Politics between 1846 and 1865

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Contribution of both Gladstone and Disraeli to British Politics between 1846 and 1865 The debate over the Corn Laws in 1846 brought Gladstone and Disraeli much closer to the forefront of British Politics. Gladstone was part of the Tory party led by his mentor Peel who supported the abolition of the Corn Laws and in essence supported Free Trade. The Tory party were divided on whether to support Free Trade; Disraeli was a leading player in the section of the Tory party, which wanted to keep Britain's policy of Protectionism. Disraeli's first major contribution to British politics was being a key player in the split of the Tory party in 1946, which led to the Tories not forming a majority Government until 1874. In 1946, Gladstone left the Whigs after Peel's resignation over the Irish Coercion Bill and joined his party of Peelites. Gladstone had a key role within the Peelites, which was a major contributing factor to preventing the Tories returning to power with a majority. In 1952 Disraeli was Chancellor of the Tory government. This government was led by Derby and was weak in names and ability. It could be argued that a major achievement of Disraeli's was being a major player in keeping the Tories alive and remotely electable for the 20 years after it's split. ...read more.

Middle

Some historians believe Gladstone's contribution to the Liberals start was large as he held a key role in Government and kept the economy running very smoothly and that he was very successful, and later as a key member of the Liberal party created some important new policies and brought ideas to the mainstream which we still use today. However some argue that he was not in the Willis tearooms when the Liberal party formed, and his predecessor Lewis had the left the country's economy in a very good state with little or no work to be done, leaving Gladstone in an easy position to be successful. Arguing he was in essence an opportunist despite taking the moral high ground which made him worse than Disraeli. Gladstone's budgets between 1959 and 1965 were seen as key pieces of legislation and Gladstone is arguably the most famous 19th Century figure for his budgets. He ran his budgets on his fundamental principles, of tax received by Government being a sacred trust from the people and must not be wasted, tax should be as low as possible and that economy was a virtue in which the Government had to set an example. Gladstone's first budget in 59 set the standard for the rest of his time as Chancellor. ...read more.

Conclusion

Disraeli failed to do this during his short-lived time as Chancellor and it was Gladstone who put and end to him as Chancellor. Disraeli had far fewer opportunities than Gladstone to achieve much as the Tories were in Government for only around 18 months during this period. However it could be argued that Disraeli played a major role in keeping the Conservatives alive, leaving them to be electorally strong before too long, when he could then make an impact. He also played a role in preventing or delaying much of the reforms that Gladstone and the Liberals wanted. Disraeli also modernised the Tory party and knew that for the Conservatives to remain a key party in British politics they would have to appeal to as many people as possible. As Gladstone was giving people of less wealth the vote the Conservatives would have to appeal to them as they were in larger numbers than the rich landowners who they currently appealed to. As the Tories were the main party of the 20th century he can be given credit for laying the foundations for them to be so strong with some leaders such as Thatcher appealing greatly to the working class. However perhaps the most significant issue of this period was that both men started their huge rivalry and many argue hatred in 1952 which shaped and divided British politics for many years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    William Eton decided to write a letter, with the help of the Maltese, as a protest and send it to Cameron. Some representatives also went to Britain to object this, but they were refused.

  2. How successful were Ferdinand and Isabella in laying the foundations of Spain's Golden Age?

    Spain was now seen as the super Catholic power in Europe and was an influence to many other Catholics. It was also due to the destruction of the conviviencia and the introduction of the Inquisition in Castile in 1478 which targeted heretic conversos and Jews.

  1. Why did the Conservative Party split in 1846? - Ed Pearson When Peel announced ...

    a number of occasions to the Anglican church, for example The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. This clearly sent out a message of the declining influence of the Anglican church that it could no longer collect aid from the state by right; the fact that the Roman Catholic

  2. How far do you agree that it was Cavour's diplomacy rather that Garibaldi's ideas ...

    for the common good and the true patriots who freely sacrifice what it most dear to them for the benefit of others. The latter are always misunderstood, insulted and dragged through the dirt while the former rule the world'17 Cavour too clashed with Garibaldi and is said to have called

  1. Free essay

    Women's contribution to the war

    By the 1930s the percentage of women in the labour force was drastically increasing. Before, women's opinions on political issues were formerly disregarded, however, between 1939-45 women had made men take notice of their views. As the years progressed more actions were modified for the benefit of women in comparison to WWI where women were seen as second best citizens.

  2. Free essay

    To what extent was Sir Robert Peel responsible for the conservative party break up ...

    him down and that he risked everything by expecting them to ignore there own principle and self interest and support his ideas. As Peel claim in his resignation speech "I have thought it constant with true conservative policy to promote so much of happiness among the people that the voice of disaffection should no longer be heard."

  1. Environmental Politics

    can be seen as a "light green" idea, if a government were to take "dark green" thinking seriously cars would have to be banned altogether. "Dark green" thinking is impractical and would make governments unpopular because it would be likely to cause an unstable economy and a removal of luxuries.

  2. How much did Disraeli contribute to British Imperialism and do you think Gladstone was ...

    Whereas South Africa was a situation mostly inherited by the previous Government, presided over by Lord Carnarvon, to create a federation of British interests in the Cape, rather than any Disraeli driven strategy to expand the Empire. The famous purchase of the Suez shares from the almost bankrupt Khedive of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work