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Critically evaluate the impact of the National Lottery since its inception on the arts in England and Wales, illustrating your answer using appropriate examples.

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Introduction

Critically evaluate the impact of the National Lottery since its inception on the arts in England and Wales, illustrating your answer using appropriate examples Since the first National Lottery draw that took place on Saturday 19th November 1994, no one can fail to see what a benefit it has brought to good causes all around the country, giving over �16 billion to good causes out of the �35.9 billion spent on National Lottery tickets since its inception in 1994. The money allocated to good causes (currently under the present licence this is set at 28% of revenue) has been divided between five good causes - sport; arts; heritage; charities; and health, education and the environment. This assignment will aim to evaluate the impact these extra funds have made to one particular good cause, the arts, since the National Lottery began, and the issues surrounding it. Such issues to be considered include the role of National Lottery Distribution Bodies (NLDBs) and the various programmes launched by them, the management of the National Lottery Distribution Fund (NLDF) and how capital funding has changed since the introduction of the National Lottery Act 1998, the original principle of additionality for the National Lottery, and various programs launched under lottery funding and their effect on the to name but a few. By the end it is hoped that a suitably critical evaluation of the impact of the National Lottery on the arts in England and Wales will have been achieved, with effective use of real examples. National Lottery Distributing Bodies are distributors who are responsible for allocating lottery funding, based on a framework of policy directions and who are overseen by the DCMS. Those who allocate funds to the arts in England and Wales are the Arts Council England / Arts Council of Wales, Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF), the Community Fund (CF), the New Opportunities Fund (NOF), and the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (NESTA). ...read more.

Middle

Three examples will be looked at, namely the Angel Of The North, The Lowry, and the Northern Quarter, all in Manchester. The Angel of the North, Gateshead Gateshead Council received �584,000 to construct the controversial 20-metre-high sculpture with a 54-metre wingspan, by artist Antony Gormley. It has had a huge impact on the arts community in the North-West as the immense popularity of the sculpture has encouraged further investment in projects in the area and has helped attract additional direct private sector investment in the arts. The status of the area of Gateshead has also been significantly raised, with the Angel of the North putting the town on the map. It has helped change the areas image as perceived by tourists, and has even claimed to have as much local identity to Gateshead as the Statue of Liberty has to New York. (Arts Council England - National Lottery Projects, 2004, http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/aboutus/ projects_for_subject.php?sid=13 ) The Lowry, Salford Since opening in April 2002, the Lowry (consisting of two theatres, exhibition galleries, shops, cafes, restaurants and conference facilities) has been a catalyst for regeneration in the former dock area of Salford, proving to be one of the most successful projects of its kind in Europe. Receiving a total of �75million of lottery funding, it has achieved its objectives of bringing international quality arts and entertainments to the local residents as well as people all over the North-West and the UK, even abroad. By constructing the Imperial War Museum and shopping centre, the Salford Council has created a state of the art leisure experience in an area that had been derelict for almost 20 years. This has provided a immense effect on employment opportunities for the area, as well as other social and economical benefits, for example increased consumer activity in the Manchester area and the development of luxury apartments around the Quays, giving the area a higher prestige. ...read more.

Conclusion

premises for the art...we need to create more distance between the Arts Council and the people who produce the arts; otherwise we will get dull art." (cited in Moss, 2004) The impact the National Lottery has had on the Arts in England and Wales can best be seen by looking at actual examples, rather than annual reports, sceptical criticisms and published figures. The four lottery funded project focused on previsouly are perfect examples of how the National Lottery has positively benefited the communities, the tourism, the employment opportunities and national perception of areas. The one worry however that is lingering on everybodies mind, is the question of the future. It is no secret that the lottery sales are decreasing, and despite promising new re-branding strategies and new games to entice us into buying tickets, many are doubtful that this is going to have any major effect. Once the new Gambling Bill is passed and the eight new super casinos planned for the UK are up and running, people used to buying lottery tickets may well cease purchasing them in favour of spending their money in these new casinos where the chances of payouts are much higher. This obviously is only relevant to the people who buy tickets soley for the chance of winning, and not for the thought of helping good causes around the UK. Also with London's Olympic bid for 2012 looming, the other good causes, including the arts, are bound to suffer a cut back in funding in order that the bid has a chance of being successful. No doubt when the National Lottery Licence expires in 2008 and other companies bid for it, there may well be another shake up, and more promises will be made by the successful bidder. In the mean time, the arts in England and Wales are certain to benefit from the National Lottery, alongside other good causes, and one can only hope that this benefit will continue for as many years in the future as possible. ...read more.

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