• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Critically evaluate the relationship between Members of Parliament, political parties and pressure groups in the formation of legislation"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Q) "Critically evaluate the relationship between Members of Parliament, political parties and pressure groups in the formation of legislation" Introduction The definition of legislation is that it I the whole or any part of a countries written law. In the UK this term usually means Acts of parliament, but can also means law made under other powers decided by Acts of parliament (delegated legislation). In this essay I will discuss the relationship between the members of parliament, political parties and pressure groups in the formation of legislation. The Legislative Process Before an Act of Parliament is put into power, it has to pass through the legislative process. This means that the government has to check that the act is suitable and other such considerations. The First Stage (public bills) The first stage in the legislative process is that the bill has to drafted. Acts of parliament are to begin with drafted by lawyers that work for the government. They are known as Parliamentary Counsel to the Treasury. They are told by what they have to put in the bill, and what the law is trying to bring about to the department who is responsible for it. When the bill is drafted, it is then published. It must be made sure that the bill gives a clear picture of what the government wants and that the legal wording is such, that there can be no loopholes in the law. ...read more.

Middle

Each time that the bill is re-printed it is given a new number. There is normally no debating on the bill, but a vote will take place either a verbal one, where each member says 'aye' or 'no', or a formal one where they are asked to leave the chamber and walk back in through one of two doors, one saying yes to the bill and one saying no. Second Reading in the House of Commons (public bills) This in when the main debate takes place. This is the time when the house considers the principle and main points of the bill. The second reading is the first stage where the government bill can be defeated. The house votes in the same way as the first reading. Committee Stage (public bills) After the second reading the bill is moved into the committee stage. This is usually taken part in a standing committee. A standing committee has about 18 members and reflects the party composition of the house. At least one minister from the government department that is in charge of the bill will be on the committee. Members nominated on the committee will normally have special knowledge of the particular area that the bill is dealing with. The committee will examine each clause and direction of the bill, agreeing on parts of the bill that need to be taken out. New clauses may also be added. ...read more.

Conclusion

when a popular pressure group proposes a new legislation. Political Parties A political party is a group of people who have the same view of what laws should be and how the country should be run. An example of a political party would be the labour party, who are in power at the moment. When a new government gets together a political party they will have a report called a manifesto that states all of the reforms that they want to carry out if elected. They firstly go to parliamentary session where they announce these ideas. Political parties rely a great deal on media coverage during their campaign. They announce to the public what they propose to do if elected. But to create these legislations they need to be elected. I think that political parties have a great deal of influence over the formation because they, to use a crude term, have bully boy techniques. They can promise the public new laws and the opposition, possibly wanting to keep up, changes the law before them. This means that they may get their own way without even being elected. Conclusion. In conclusion I would say that there are many different factors in the making and passing of legislation. All of these different groups influence it; it is not just a one way system. Though I think that this is good because it allows everybody to get there own views across and to try and change a law they may find oppressive. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The history of pressure groups is a long one. Before the term "pressure group" ...

    Under Thatcher, the trade unions were treated with hostility and contempt, with their membership being diminished by 25% during the eighties due to the lack of access and influence the group was able to enforce. The opposite is true for the CBI; although Thatcher was an anomaly and rarely conversed

  2. How much influence does the media have on the political process

    The public opposition doesn't seem to be a problem for Mr. Murdoch. Study from October 2003 finds wide range of misperceptions about the Iraq war among the American people. It shows that 60% of Americans believed at least one of the following: clear evidence had been found of links between Iraq and Al Qaeda; W.M.D.

  1. What are the main functions of political parties? How effectively do political parties fulfil ...

    The MP's who make up their own minds despite the implications of party discipline are following the Burkian idea that not making up your own idea is letting down the electorate. Depending on whether the politician is voting against the wishes of his party or constituents, representation may be compromised.

  2. The Uk policy making process.

    And in fact, in Northern Ireland where we will have an Executive composed of members from four different political parties it is absolutely vital not to be too strongly identified with any one of them since you will inevitably need to maintain credibility with Ministers and Members from all of the parties.

  1. What are the arguments for and against electing all the members of the second ...

    The process of removing the hereditary peers and making it essential that members of the second chamber are elected could increase the power of the government and as a result may make it far easier for them to abuse it.

  2. What are the roles of political parties and how effectively do they carry this ...

    Yet since Labour has become more capitalist they must compete for those donations and their income is falling as a result. Small parties have the most problems raising money and rely upon benefactors such as the Sean Connery donating money to the SNP.

  1. There are many influences operating on parliament before and during the legislative process. Explain ...

    The Consent for Homosexuals Act ( ) was a clear example of the government bowing to public opinion and the efforts of pressure groups, where the government agreed to reduce the age of consent for homosexual acts in private from 21 years of age to 18.

  2. to what extent do pressure groups influence government

    So when do pressure groups become outsider or insider groups? Well, some pressure groups have a history of being insider and outsider groups; this is partly due to the political complexity of the government at the time. For example the TUC, the trade union Congress; in the 1970's were a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work