• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe changes in Russian government beginning with Czar Nicholas II to the Bolsheviks under Lenin and then Stalin.

Extracts from this document...


Describe changes in Russian government beginning with Czar Nicholas II to the Bolsheviks under Lenin and then Stalin. For hundreds of years, Russia was controlled by rulers known as Czars. In the early 1900's, circumstances spurred the people to overthrow their czar and establish a new government. The government that eventually ensued, however, was a communism. Communism, the fabrication of Karl Marx years earlier, was thought by many to be the answer to all political conflicts. However, this form of government did not have the predicted favorable effects on the Russian people. In 1894, Nicholas II inherited the title of czar over Russia. During his reign, he was a strong believer in sovereign right and cared nothing for the will of his subjects. In 1904, the Russian-Japanese War broke out. The people showed their discontent for the war with a rebellion in 1905 and 1907, both of which were subdued. In 1916, Russia entered World War I. The Russians suffered many losses and much devastation during the war. A shortage of food made life miserable for the people of Russia. ...read more.


He guaranteed that ordinary peasants would be granted land for their own. The Provisional government attempted to have Lenin arrested, but he fled to Finland. Meanwhile, the Bolshevik party continued to grow more and more popular and influential among the common people. In November of 1917, supporters of the Bolshevik party revolted against the Provisional government. By fall of that year, the provisional government had lost power and the Bolsheviks gained control of Russia, forming the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. However, the supporters of the provisional government continued to fight and a civil war broke out. The communist supporters were known as the Red Army. The provisional government supporters became known as Whites. The Red Army soon overwhelmed the Whites and Lenin became the new leader of Russia. His first move was to withdraw Russia from the war. In what became known as the Brest-Litovsk treaty, Lenin signed over a tremendous amount of land to Germany in return for peace. ...read more.


The people's discontentment of Czar Nicholas II drove them to revolt. Instead of being liberated, however, the people were only placed into the bondages of communism. There is no doubt that communism had devastating effects on the Russian people. Multiple Choice Questions 1. Who was the leader of the Bolshevik party? a. Karl Marx b. V.I. Lenin c. Joseph Stalin d. Czar Nicholas II 2. Which of the following statements was NOT true of the effects of communism on Russia: a. Architectural wonders were built. b. Christianity was denounced. c. Those opposed to the government were sent to Siberia to work in coalmines. d. All the peasants were given enough food to eat. 3. Which of the following was NOT a cause for the dethronement of Czar Nicholas II: a. The people were discontented by the Russian-Japanese War. b. The burgeousie wanted the peasants to be given less land. c. The people were against Russia's involvement in World War I. d. The peasants were starving. 4. Which of the following does NOT describe a communist government: a. Unity of the people b. Similar wages c. Atheism d. Free Speech Answers: 1b, 2d, 3b, 4d ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Was the Provisional Government doomed to failure?

    In the early months after February, he was referred to as 'the first love of the revolution', the 'poet of freedom' and the 'saviour of the fatherland.' He was the ideal man for February 1917, the link between the Provisional Government and the Soviet because he was generally liked in all circles and the workers trusted him.

  2. Comparing the German and Russian systems of government

    The new constitution increased the president's power and lessened those of the new parliament thus making it a presidential system of government. In Russia's case it is the State Duma that is similar to Germany's Bundestag and it takes precedence over the Federation Council.

  1. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    This would have mattered less had the Russian armies been successful, but the military situation continued to deteriorate, eroding such support as the government had initially enjoyed. Lvov stayed as nominal head of the government, but it was Kerensky who increasingly became the major influence.

  2. Was the provisional government doomed to failure from the beginning

    He knew that if a military dictatorship was to be established, they would be extremely organised and prepared and from then on to take power be extremely hard. It was for this reason that Lenin sent the Red Guard to help the Provisional government fight against general Kornilov.

  1. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    In order to stabilize the economy, the People's Republic introduced a new currency, controlled it strictly, and set all wages by the price of five staple products: rice, coal, flour, oil, and cotton. As the prices of these commodities fluctuated, wages would correspondingly increase and decrease.

  2. To what extent did Alexander II succeed in reforming Russian life and institutions?

    the landlords were like the owners of the serfs and could do with them whatever they wanted, even sell them to other landlords as it is said in this excerpt "Until 1861, half of the peasantry had only serf status; that is to say, they were legal property of the

  1. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought the October revolution about ...

    The situation rapidly worsened: "...robberies and housebreaking increased... week by week, food became scarcer...towards the end there was a week without bread at all." (John Reed, Ten Days that Shook the World). The Bolshevik party, with Lenin's pledge of "bread, peace and land" was one of the few realistic alternatives to the Provisional Government; the Bolsheviks took full advantage of the people's unrest and the Government's weaknesses.

  2. What were the causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution? How successful was this revolution?

    and Leon Trotsky. The major aim of this party was to spread anti - Czarist propaganda and overthrow Nicholas II. They too were Revolutionaries. However, in 1903 the S.D.P split in to two groups - the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks. The Bolsheviks wanted to overthrow the Czarist Government by force whereas the Mensheviks (although having the same intentions)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work