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Describe changes in Russian government beginning with Czar Nicholas II to the Bolsheviks under Lenin and then Stalin.

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Introduction

Describe changes in Russian government beginning with Czar Nicholas II to the Bolsheviks under Lenin and then Stalin. For hundreds of years, Russia was controlled by rulers known as Czars. In the early 1900's, circumstances spurred the people to overthrow their czar and establish a new government. The government that eventually ensued, however, was a communism. Communism, the fabrication of Karl Marx years earlier, was thought by many to be the answer to all political conflicts. However, this form of government did not have the predicted favorable effects on the Russian people. In 1894, Nicholas II inherited the title of czar over Russia. During his reign, he was a strong believer in sovereign right and cared nothing for the will of his subjects. In 1904, the Russian-Japanese War broke out. The people showed their discontent for the war with a rebellion in 1905 and 1907, both of which were subdued. In 1916, Russia entered World War I. The Russians suffered many losses and much devastation during the war. A shortage of food made life miserable for the people of Russia. ...read more.

Middle

He guaranteed that ordinary peasants would be granted land for their own. The Provisional government attempted to have Lenin arrested, but he fled to Finland. Meanwhile, the Bolshevik party continued to grow more and more popular and influential among the common people. In November of 1917, supporters of the Bolshevik party revolted against the Provisional government. By fall of that year, the provisional government had lost power and the Bolsheviks gained control of Russia, forming the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. However, the supporters of the provisional government continued to fight and a civil war broke out. The communist supporters were known as the Red Army. The provisional government supporters became known as Whites. The Red Army soon overwhelmed the Whites and Lenin became the new leader of Russia. His first move was to withdraw Russia from the war. In what became known as the Brest-Litovsk treaty, Lenin signed over a tremendous amount of land to Germany in return for peace. ...read more.

Conclusion

The people's discontentment of Czar Nicholas II drove them to revolt. Instead of being liberated, however, the people were only placed into the bondages of communism. There is no doubt that communism had devastating effects on the Russian people. Multiple Choice Questions 1. Who was the leader of the Bolshevik party? a. Karl Marx b. V.I. Lenin c. Joseph Stalin d. Czar Nicholas II 2. Which of the following statements was NOT true of the effects of communism on Russia: a. Architectural wonders were built. b. Christianity was denounced. c. Those opposed to the government were sent to Siberia to work in coalmines. d. All the peasants were given enough food to eat. 3. Which of the following was NOT a cause for the dethronement of Czar Nicholas II: a. The people were discontented by the Russian-Japanese War. b. The burgeousie wanted the peasants to be given less land. c. The people were against Russia's involvement in World War I. d. The peasants were starving. 4. Which of the following does NOT describe a communist government: a. Unity of the people b. Similar wages c. Atheism d. Free Speech Answers: 1b, 2d, 3b, 4d ...read more.

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