• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe changes in Russian government beginning with Czar Nicholas II to the Bolsheviks under Lenin and then Stalin.

Extracts from this document...


Describe changes in Russian government beginning with Czar Nicholas II to the Bolsheviks under Lenin and then Stalin. For hundreds of years, Russia was controlled by rulers known as Czars. In the early 1900's, circumstances spurred the people to overthrow their czar and establish a new government. The government that eventually ensued, however, was a communism. Communism, the fabrication of Karl Marx years earlier, was thought by many to be the answer to all political conflicts. However, this form of government did not have the predicted favorable effects on the Russian people. In 1894, Nicholas II inherited the title of czar over Russia. During his reign, he was a strong believer in sovereign right and cared nothing for the will of his subjects. In 1904, the Russian-Japanese War broke out. The people showed their discontent for the war with a rebellion in 1905 and 1907, both of which were subdued. In 1916, Russia entered World War I. The Russians suffered many losses and much devastation during the war. A shortage of food made life miserable for the people of Russia. ...read more.


He guaranteed that ordinary peasants would be granted land for their own. The Provisional government attempted to have Lenin arrested, but he fled to Finland. Meanwhile, the Bolshevik party continued to grow more and more popular and influential among the common people. In November of 1917, supporters of the Bolshevik party revolted against the Provisional government. By fall of that year, the provisional government had lost power and the Bolsheviks gained control of Russia, forming the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. However, the supporters of the provisional government continued to fight and a civil war broke out. The communist supporters were known as the Red Army. The provisional government supporters became known as Whites. The Red Army soon overwhelmed the Whites and Lenin became the new leader of Russia. His first move was to withdraw Russia from the war. In what became known as the Brest-Litovsk treaty, Lenin signed over a tremendous amount of land to Germany in return for peace. ...read more.


The people's discontentment of Czar Nicholas II drove them to revolt. Instead of being liberated, however, the people were only placed into the bondages of communism. There is no doubt that communism had devastating effects on the Russian people. Multiple Choice Questions 1. Who was the leader of the Bolshevik party? a. Karl Marx b. V.I. Lenin c. Joseph Stalin d. Czar Nicholas II 2. Which of the following statements was NOT true of the effects of communism on Russia: a. Architectural wonders were built. b. Christianity was denounced. c. Those opposed to the government were sent to Siberia to work in coalmines. d. All the peasants were given enough food to eat. 3. Which of the following was NOT a cause for the dethronement of Czar Nicholas II: a. The people were discontented by the Russian-Japanese War. b. The burgeousie wanted the peasants to be given less land. c. The people were against Russia's involvement in World War I. d. The peasants were starving. 4. Which of the following does NOT describe a communist government: a. Unity of the people b. Similar wages c. Atheism d. Free Speech Answers: 1b, 2d, 3b, 4d ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Comparing the German and Russian systems of government

    The State Duma consists of 450 seats and is elected through two types of mandates. The first is the party-list vote, whereby 225 seats are divided among those parties that can hurdle the 5 percent vote barrier. The other 225 seats are distributed through single-member constituencies on a first-past-the-post basis.

  2. How successful was the government of King Philip II of Spain?

    In Castile there was a real attempt made at centralising administration. This was important for if Philip's power was seen to be weak there, then his authority could be threatened elsewhere. Yet control fell to the grandees and nobility who were exempt from taxation and already controlled thousands of men.

  1. Was the provisional government doomed to failure from the beginning

    He knew that if a military dictatorship was to be established, they would be extremely organised and prepared and from then on to take power be extremely hard. It was for this reason that Lenin sent the Red Guard to help the Provisional government fight against general Kornilov.

  2. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    The revisionist views argue that the determination to use force developed early, and was used throughout the Kadet leadership. The Provisional Government's failure to use force destroyed any figure of authority, and enabled the Bolsheviks to illustrate their ideology through strong leadership.

  1. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    Even though the plan wasn't implemented until 1955 (making it, really, the Two Year Plan), the massive expenditure of industrial investment doubled industrial output in China by 1957. The Five-Year Plan stressed the development of heavy industry on the Soviet model.

  2. Description of Citizenship Activity Describe how you participated in a school or community based ...

    also the Practical team asked the Research team for the posters and banners. The communication team then made Questionnaires, and started to make the rough designs of them. The practical team started to make and design banners and posters, as they did this the research team found out information and details and also pictures for the banners and posters.

  1. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    Although he rejected much of what they had done, he saw the soviets as a power-base. In practice they had become an essential part of the structure of the post-tsarist government. Lenin calculated that the soviets - the Petrograd Soviet in particular - offered his small Bolshevik Party the means

  2. To what extent was the Great War responsible for the collapse of the Provisional ...

    Kerensky saw it 'as an act of provocation'6 but hoped 'that this phase would soon pass'7. The Soviet would later become a powerbase for the Bolsheviks from which they would operate the October Revolution. The Bolsheviks were one of the most effective opposition groups and it would be hard not

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work