• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the part played by India in the Second World War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question one: Describe the part played by India in the Second World War. In September 1939, Lord Linlithgow, the Viceroy of India declared war on Germany without consulting the Indian Assembly. India being the Britain's colony supported the war effort at that time. During the first year, the government did very little to help the Britain. However, during the later years, the Indian Army did not only fight for Britain, but also fought for the ally in the world war against Germany, Italy and Japan. They also fought in North Africa, Italy, France and South Asia for Britain with loyalty and bravery. This was proved by the Rajputs and the Punjabis being praised for their bravery when fighting in Hong Kong and in Singapore. According to reliable statistics, about 1,250,000 Indians volunteered to join the British army. Other than helping the allies, India also helped other countries like China to build roads from Calcutta to Chiang Kai Shek, so that China could get aids from other countries while they were struggling under the Japanese's occupation. The people in India were very united and loyal other than volunteering to join the army, about 2.5 million servicemen and women contributed to the war effort on their own choice. Other than joining the British army, the Indians also helped Britain with their economy during the war. ...read more.

Middle

All the above showed that there was a lack of trust between India and Britain. As India did not do very much in helping the Britain during World War Two, British government sent Cripps to negotiate that if India helped in the war effort, British would then leave India in return. However, the congress rejected this plan, and carried out the "Quit India" campaign trying to throw British government out. This showed that the Indians were not satisfied with the British government. In conclusion, I think that government and the Congress was always enemies and they never really co-operated with each other. The relationship between Britain and the League: The Muslim League was set up in 1906 by Muslims who feared of Hindu domination and discrimination. But during that time, most important Muslim leaders were in the Congress. Jinnah resigned and became the leader of the Muslim League in the 1930s. When the second Government of India Act was executed, the League rejected the act because the Muslims and the League did not gain much power as the result of that. This showed that the League was not very satisfied with British rule before World War two. However this was not the case during and after the war. The League fully co-operated with the British government, and supported the British government in India. ...read more.

Conclusion

But it turned that the Direct Action was a series of bloodsheds between the Hindus and Muslims. Therefore the British government appointed Lord Mountbatten to settle this problem. Mountbatten came up with the conclusion that if there are two separate state, the bloodsheds would stop. He then persuaded the Congress, and the Congress agreed to partition on 3 June, 1947. The four most important individuals involved in the decision making were Nehru, Gandhi, Jinnah and Lord Mountbatten. Nehru and Gandhi were the leaders of the Congress party. They always wanted a united India as they believed that the people must be united to develop the country. However Lord Mountbatten persuaded them that it was impossible in 1947. They agreed with Mountbatten's proposal on 3 june, 1947. Mountbatten was the most important of all. He decided to partition India and persuaded the Congress to accept his proposal. However he had too little time to fix the border of the two countries, which lead to continuous violence between the Hindus and the Muslims. He was also appointed by the British government to divide all the government's assets and gold reserve to both countries. Lastly, Jinnah was the leader of the Muslim League. He wanted a new state called Pakistan, which meant "Land of Pure" and it is also an acronym of the states at the north-west of India. He was important because he called for the Direct Action and forced the Congress to accept Mountbatten's proposal. Sai Yuet CHOW 11N 5437 History Coursework ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Party system in India

    Parties such as the Shiromani Akali Dal, National Conference, Forward Bloc, Communist party of India Revolutionary Socialist Party etc existed in independent India. 53 political parties participated in the first General Elections, although most of them vanished within a decade or reappeared in new incarnations later.

  2. Fedralism in India

    The bigger States of UP has been given a representation of 34 seats in the Rajya Sabha while the smaller states of Goa, Manipur, Sikkim have a representation of just one member.

  1. Free essay

    Women's contribution to the war

    This permitted skilled women that needed no assistance from men to advance towards the male rate over a period of time. The minority of women eligible for this barely reaped any benefits because if "the employer maintains that a woman's work produces less than man's the burden of proof should rest on the employer" (N.A Ferguson, 1975, pg 62 ).

  2. In what ways did the British government attempt to change the government of India ...

    they were not ready to make any new changes to India and so they passed a second Government of India Act. The failure of the Round Table Conferences led to non co-operation back in India where many congress leaders were once again arrested.

  1. 'Nationalist Groups in the Sub-Continent played the most significant role in Britain's decision to ...

    giving India a measure of self-government: "the gradual development of self-governing institutions with a view to the progressive realisation of responsible government in India as an integral part of the British Empire". After 1918, nationalism within India intensified. This was probably due to two reasons; many educated nationals in India were far from satisfied with the Morley-Minto reforms.

  2. Why Did the British Government Decide to Evacuate Children From Britain's Major Cities at ...

    brought home to the women that they were at risk and now were a part of war. Posters and newsreels were created to spread awareness but in turn also spread fright and fear. It also frightened the women as they realised that there children were now at risk.

  1. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from major cities in the ...

    Street lights had to be turned off, traffic lights and car headlights also had to be blacked out during the night time of every day of the Second World War. Blacking out traffic lights and car headlights meant that there was a higher chance of an accident.

  2. 1. What do you learn from Source A about ...

    He is using moral arguments to tell his people not to help the British. He is in particular trying to remind the people who are helping the British army in particular, that they are fighting for freedom when they themselves are like prisoners in their own land.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work