• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the weaknesses of the Democratic Government in Italy in the years 1919-1922

Extracts from this document...


71 c marchmont street, londonDescribe the weaknesses of the Democratic Government in Italy in the years 1919-1922. One of the main weaknesses of the Italian Democratic Government was the way it was made up and what it consisted of. During the course of time from when the unification of Italy took place through to the end of the First World War, the parliamentary system had established itself only through bribery and corruption. This was called 'transformismo'. The proportional representation system meant that there were lots of splinter parties, and that coalitions had to be formed in order for there to be any kind of majority. Coalitions themselves do not mean a government is automatically unstable, it depends on the social background of the country and the parties involved. The main parties in question were Liberals, the Popolari and the Socialists. ...read more.


The consequence of all this was an incredibly unstable government. The Liberals, even though they only obtained 41 votes in the August 1919 elections ended up in power. The result of a minority party being in power meant that they had no support; they weren't able to pass any laws because of the lack of votes. There were 5 different governments in 4 years (1918 -22). They had to take up a policy of 'non - intervention'. They felt that this was the only way that they could succeed as they were avoiding the problems. This led to '1919ism' and the Biennio Rosso. During this time there was a general feeling of dissatisfaction but also a sense of hope that situations would improve, throughout all the major social groups in Italy. Workers were striking, occupying factories and ousting the owners. ...read more.


The people wondered if they had gone to war for no reason. This led to D'Annunzio, a famous Italian poet marching into and capturing Fiume, with a small army of nationalists and ex-soldiers. The government was at a loss, this poet was making an example of them, defying the peace settlement, and appeared like a national hero all the while. 'Non-intervention' meant that Fiume was occupied for over 18 months before they sent any troops over. These weaknesses of the Government were well exposed during the period of 1919-22. However, the government didn't realise it was in turmoil because it generally didn't get involved in the problems that Italy faced. During the war, the slogan was "the discipline of today is the liberty of tomorrow", this meant that Italians had extremely high hopes for after the war. These high expectations teamed up with failures of the government to deliver their promises meant that the Italian people became fed up of democracy. Democracy became associated with social unrest. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays


    There include rapid economic and social change, Strong kinship and ethnic ties, new institutions, overlapping and Some times conflicting views about what is public behavior, governmental monopoly over economic activities, political softness, widespread poverty and socio-economic inequalities, ignorance, Lack of Knowledge about individual entitlements, communal bonds, ambivalence towards legitimacy of

  2. How far is it true to say that 'having made Italy', Italian governments were ...

    As at last everyone began to benefit from the new Italy, confidence in the government was re-established, and with it came loyalty and belief in the country. This brought everyone together, although there were of course still dilemmas to overcome.

  1. What problems did Italy have before 1919?

    They also failed to gain Ethiopia and Tunisia despite using a large army. Another problem that Italian politics were confronted with is Transformismo. This was when politicians were bribed, by people such as Giolitti, with favours to join large political coalition governments.

  2. Why did Mussolini come to power in 1922?

    By late 1921 when the fascist party was created, it had around 300,000 members. A major step in the growth of the Fascist Party came from the Italian church. Mussolini realised that it would be wise to gain the support of the pope and therefore the church as it has a huge circle of influence.

  1. Japanese Political Timeline (1919).

    The other treaty was "The Five Power Naval treaty" which fixes the ratio between the world powers. These peaceful policies in the 1920s were done in the Party Government Era. The army takes control 1929, The world-wide depression had begun and the exports fell by 50% which especially hit the

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    Consequently, the Socialists were now a powerful force against the Liberal Constitutional System. (Although the Socialists were not organised enough to mount a revolution many were against the Liberal system in principle and they had mass support). Support for radical/revolutionary socialism increased rapidly for a number of reasons: � Many

  1. Introduction and Company Background.

    These include the Kwai Chung container terminals in Hong Kong, Huangpu in Guangzhou and only one hours' drive to Yantian and Shekou in Shenzhen. There are also a number of airfreight facilities in the neighborhood (within 1.5 hours' drive), including the Hong Kong International Airport and the airports of Guangzhou in the north and Shenzhen in the south.

  2. To what extent were Germany’s problems between the years of 1919 and 1923, fundamentally ...

    Right wing attempts to overthrow the government were also made. The main reasons for nationalist hostility to the r�gime were that firstly, they felt that the new Republic had betrayed Germany as they believed that whilst the German army were willing and able to continue fighting, they were "stabbed in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work