• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the weaknesses of the Democratic Government in Italy in the years 1919-1922

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

71 c marchmont street, londonDescribe the weaknesses of the Democratic Government in Italy in the years 1919-1922. One of the main weaknesses of the Italian Democratic Government was the way it was made up and what it consisted of. During the course of time from when the unification of Italy took place through to the end of the First World War, the parliamentary system had established itself only through bribery and corruption. This was called 'transformismo'. The proportional representation system meant that there were lots of splinter parties, and that coalitions had to be formed in order for there to be any kind of majority. Coalitions themselves do not mean a government is automatically unstable, it depends on the social background of the country and the parties involved. The main parties in question were Liberals, the Popolari and the Socialists. ...read more.

Middle

The consequence of all this was an incredibly unstable government. The Liberals, even though they only obtained 41 votes in the August 1919 elections ended up in power. The result of a minority party being in power meant that they had no support; they weren't able to pass any laws because of the lack of votes. There were 5 different governments in 4 years (1918 -22). They had to take up a policy of 'non - intervention'. They felt that this was the only way that they could succeed as they were avoiding the problems. This led to '1919ism' and the Biennio Rosso. During this time there was a general feeling of dissatisfaction but also a sense of hope that situations would improve, throughout all the major social groups in Italy. Workers were striking, occupying factories and ousting the owners. ...read more.

Conclusion

The people wondered if they had gone to war for no reason. This led to D'Annunzio, a famous Italian poet marching into and capturing Fiume, with a small army of nationalists and ex-soldiers. The government was at a loss, this poet was making an example of them, defying the peace settlement, and appeared like a national hero all the while. 'Non-intervention' meant that Fiume was occupied for over 18 months before they sent any troops over. These weaknesses of the Government were well exposed during the period of 1919-22. However, the government didn't realise it was in turmoil because it generally didn't get involved in the problems that Italy faced. During the war, the slogan was "the discipline of today is the liberty of tomorrow", this meant that Italians had extremely high hopes for after the war. These high expectations teamed up with failures of the government to deliver their promises meant that the Italian people became fed up of democracy. Democracy became associated with social unrest. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Why did Mussolini come to power in 1922?

    Catholics to support the Fascist party rather than the Catholic party, as they were part of the coalition government that worked with the socialists. Furthermore, in September 1922 Mussolini declared his support for the monarchy, which meant that he was popular not only with the people of Italy and the church but that he gained political support of the King.

  2. Japanese Political Timeline (1919).

    The Japanese had Emperor Hirohito, although he does not directly involve in the politics, the Japanese worshipped him as the semi-divine descendant of the Gods. In Germany, Hitler had risen into a strong undisputable leader, feared and respected for his vision of Germany.

  1. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    During the bienno rosso Italy seemed to be on the verge of a socialist revolution. The Political 'Right' Reacts Against the 'Socialist Threat' However, acceptance of Liberal rule was being undermined from the 'right' as well as the 'left'. The middle classes and other conservatives on the 'right' were terrified

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    At the national level basic development Strategy of any government moulds opportunities and incentives for Corruption. At the same level three relationships, between the government and the judicatory and between the government and the civil society-also affect the nature and discussion of corruption.

  1. How far is it true to say that 'having made Italy', Italian governments were ...

    This further loss of confidence in the protection provided for them by their government would not have helped Mussolini to mould his people into the tight knit, proud, national community that he wanted. However overall, he appeared to be fairly successful in binding them together.

  2. What problems did Italy have before 1919?

    They also failed to gain Ethiopia and Tunisia despite using a large army. Another problem that Italian politics were confronted with is Transformismo. This was when politicians were bribed, by people such as Giolitti, with favours to join large political coalition governments.

  1. Introduction and Company Background.

    We need workers operate the plastic mold injection machines, sew the clothing and paint the details on the doll. A typical doll requires 15 separate paint stations. Because of the multitude of detailed tasks involved in the production of doll, labor costs must be kept to a minimum.

  2. To what extent were Germany’s problems between the years of 1919 and 1923, fundamentally ...

    Finally, in March 1920, a communist revolutionary attempt was made in the Ruhr, Germany's industrial region, and a Soviet Republic was declared. However, yet again, the government sent the Freikorps to suppress the revolution. Hence, the Weimar Republic was particularly weak and unstable facing intense and violent left wing opposition.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work