• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Did Democracy Survive in Britain in the 1930's as a Result of the Policies of the National Government?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Did Democracy Survive in Britain in the 1930's as a Result of the Policies of the National Government? Democracy is the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a system of government based on this belief, in which power is either held by elected representatives or directly by the people themselves.5 This is the system implemented by the United Kingdom, but due to the actions taken by the Government in the 1930's, it has been brought into disrepute that democracy actually survived at all. Even though the 1930's in Britain were often referred to as the Devil's Decade due to poverty, as some people did endure, however it was mainly the staple industry areas hit in the north and Wales, whereas other areas did manage to prosper thanks to new industries such as electricals and pharmaceuticals. Despite this, many still suffered from poverty, as these new industries were not enough to sustain the entire country and boost our economy. This worried the Government as with extremist parties becoming more ever popular in Europe, that a radical uprising could also begin in Britain as well, threatening the democracy they already hold. After the economic depression of the 1920's, brought on after World War One, it continued into the 1930's, which was the ...read more.

Middle

All these decisions taken by the National Government helped strengthen British Democracy, and the people's support of their Government, even though they had not actually elected them. The biggest threat to Britain's democracy was the rise of extremist parties due to the influence of what was happening with the increase of fascism in Germany with the Nazis and Hitler, fascism in Italy with Mussolini, and the beginning of communism in Russia. People had seen how these extremes had helped the respecting countries, and some believed it would work here as well. After Oswald Mosley's failure to gain any seats for his New Party at the 1931 General Election, he founded the British Union of Fascists (B.U.F.) wad formed on the 1st of October 1932, with quite some support, especially from the press, in particular the Daily Mail. By mid 1940's, support for the B.U.F. had grown to 50,000, and it seemed as though the fascist movement was on its way. The same year, at a B.U.F. political rally at Olympia, Moseley was giving a speech to 10,000 people. However, as 2,000 of the tickets were given away, it allowed opposition to the Blackshirts, such as the communists, other left wing parties and Jewish organisations, to infiltrate the speech, and disrupt it using violence with weapons, injuring many Blackshirt supporters. ...read more.

Conclusion

The communist party did not have a good name for themselves, after the British did not agree with what happened with communism over in Russia back in the 1917, it was hard for people to support it here over the fear of what the consequences could be. To conclude, the National Government maintained its Democracy due to several reasons. Firstly, the poverty that had hit Britain was not as bad as that in places such as Russia and Germany, so it did not stimulate the extremism like it did in those countries. As Britain's poverty was spread only over certain areas, not complete widespread as in the countries previously mentioned, so the areas not as badly affected could then influence over the rest of the country. The people of this country were the main reason that Britain kept democracy and did not resort to extremist parties. In the face of adversity, the British people all united with pride to support their Government to find a solution to their problems, instead of resorting to extremism. Also, they way the National Government dealt with problems in order to benefit the country kept their support behind them. Also, there was no real strong opposition, as the National Government managed to curtail the extremist parties, to prevent them from gaining any real strong power and support, allowing them to stay strong, and their democracy to remain. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Government Policies aimed at reducing poverty in the UK

    Therefore NMW is only to a certain extent successful in reducing poverty. As a result of benefits, Britain has seen a decrease of people living in a low income household from 14 million in 1997 to 12.3 million in 2002. The reduction came mostly from households with children.

  2. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    sunt adevaruri esentiale exemplific�nd cazul mortii lui Socrate care a fost �nvinuit de impietate de catre niste oameni considerati evlaviosi, cetateni care credeau ca fac un bine statului din care faceau parte . De asemenea exemplul lui Saul din Tars - evreu ce apartinea clasei saducheilor si care beneficiase de

  1. Nationalism as applied to business

    With the dissolution of such communities, it became possible to imagine a state in which there was now no longer "simultaneity along time" but "homogenous, empty time". This type of time could be marked by clock and calendar, and was amenable to theoretically incidental coincidence.

  2. The Word 'Hacker' To the popular press, "hacker" means someone who breaks into ...

    Partly because some companies use mechanisms to prevent copying. Show any hacker a lock and his first thought is how to pick it. But there is a deeper reason that hackers are alarmed by measures like copyrights and patents. They see increasingly aggressive measures to protect "intellectual property" as a

  1. Explain and evaluate Locke's theory of government

    However, if the society disappears, then no government for sure will resist. The absolute monarchy for Locke is not a form of government; it is something that is worse than the barbarian society. In the latter, at least everybody is a judge in his own case, while in former only monarch is free.

  2. How successful was the government of King Philip II of Spain?

    in gaps in his knowledge and, as he did not travel outside of the peninsula post-1559, he had to rely on the legitimacy of what he had been told. The Council of State was the most senior of these bodies advising the king, and the nobles were allowed to attend it.

  1. The implications of a ban and the current political situation in France. ...

    Therefore it should be banned because it excludes itself from modern politics by refusing to conduct itself in a justified and responsible manner, refusing to accept all non-authoritarian French beliefs. Even the president, Jacques Chirac, condemned and denounced the "racist and xenophobic" party, therefore because of its nature it must be banned just as French law states.

  2. Notes on Citizenship and Democracy.

    Anthony Bonanno shows us that we should preserve the temples that were left by those before us because they are aesthetically fascinating and show the present and future generation what kind of people used to live before us. Chapter 11: My role as a Democratic Citizen 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work