• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Did the Liberal Government of 1906-14 create the early Welfare State?"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Did the Liberal Government of 1906-14 create the early Welfare State?" The Liberal government returned to office on 4th of December 1905 after a ten-year absence. In January 1906 the Liberals won the general election by a massive majority of 400 seats to the Conservative Party's 157 seats. From 1906 to the start of the First World War the Liberal government embarked on a numbers of social reforms that were to lay the foundations of a system under which the state (rather than the individual) would take responsibility for the welfare of its citizens. These reforms aimed to ease the plight of the poor and improve their standard of life. Before the creation of the welfare state in the 20th Century the 'Poor Law' was the only form of aid that was offered to the poor. The 'Poor Law' consisted of a combination of out door relief and the workhouses. The living condition for those not in steady employment were harsh to say the least. The choices that many poor people were faced if they were unable to finds work was to, beg, steal, prostitution or starve to death. The latter may seem some-what extreme, but many people at this time would have rather starved themselves to death, rather that go into the workhouses. The workhouses were extremely harsh and deliberately striped away any dignity or self-respect of whose who were desperate enough to enter them. ...read more.

Middle

All these issue lead to the debacle of the Conservative Party and united the Liberals. Another factor that lead to the demise of the Tories was that Liberals and the newly formed Labour party made a pact to prevent anti-Conservative votes being wasted. The Liberal Party was also better organised than it had been in the past. Here we will examine the circumstances that lead the Liberal party to lay the foundations of the Welfare State in Britain and whether the measures were effective in alleviating the levels of poverty that existed in Britain. Prior to 1906 the Liberal Party adopted a laisse-faire approach to social issues such as poverty and unemployment and were reluctant to interfere in the lives of its citizens. Their policy had always been to keep expenditure as low as possible and knew that the introduction of any forms of legislation that dealt with the needs of the poor could only be done so by increasing taxes. Even after the success of the 1906 election the their leader still remain reluctant to commit his party to any type of social reforms that would increase expenditure. This 'Glastonian' ideology would begin to charge at the beginning of the 20th Century as a new form of the Liberalism would deal with social issues such as poverty and introduce social reforms that aimed to alleviate the abject suffer of the poor. ...read more.

Conclusion

The work of Charles Booth showed that the main cause of unemployment was no idleness or ignorance. The main cause of unemployment was sickness and periodic dips in trade. Another point that should be made it the fact that the National Insurance Act only covered seven trades. In conclusion it could be argued that the Liberal Government of 1906 to 1914 did not create the early Welfare State. Most of these reforms failed to alleviate the problems of poverty that existed during this period. The school meals and medical inspection did not become compulsory until 1914 and were the result of pressure from the education authorities and the civil service. The old age pension was too low to meet the needs of the elderly and National insurance Act of 1911 only covered certain trades. The Liberal Government also failed to address the problems of housing and education in any shape or form but what this government did do was lay the foundations for future social reforms and broke away from the old laisse-faire ideology of the Liberal Party to one the was prepared to take responsibility for the welfare of its citizens by increasing taxation to finance social reforms. Evidence may suggest that the emergence of the Labour party, the threat of socialism and outside pressure from social reformers such as Booth and Beatrice Webb lead the Liberal party to change their ideology from "Old Liberalism to "New Liberalism". Without this change in attitude these reforms would never have taken place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How effective were the social reforms of the Labour Government of 1945-1951 in dealing ...

    Nevertheless, for all its faults, the National Insurance system was far superior to anything that had gone before and it succeeded in practically eliminating absolute poverty in Britain. Another of Beveridge's five giants was Disease. Full healthcare in Britain before the Labour reforms was mainly a preserve of the rich.

  2. In detail describe the historical development of the welfare state since 1945 and how ...

    This enabled the government to manage big parts of the economy. High employment rates lasted until the 1970's, however, after 3 decades, in which time the welfare state became a fixed element in Britain, unemployment became rife, as did inflation, which caused people to believe that major social reform was in need.

  1. 1. Why was 'a welfare state' introduced after the War (note here that the term ...

    More significantly a number of factors from 1942 to 1948 accelerated the process of Government intervention in the free-market for greater equity. The collective impulse brought about by the Second World War, the rise to power of the labour party and the launch of Beveridge's report all acted as a precursor to the welfare state.

  2. Critically evaluate/assess the achievements of Sergei Witte and their consequences for the social groups ...

    created the Russian situation in the Far East, lost control of it in the power struggles, watched the war destroy his efforts and then returned to favor just in time to clean up the mess by negotiating the peace'. Chris Corin (p78)

  1. Poverty in early 20th century Britain

    politicians thought this was because they had improved the conditions for their poor. Britain now had a big new problem in the Boer war. Troops were needed and these usually came from the poor. However there was a problem, all the poor men once capable were sick and unfit.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    of 1918-20. The situation then got worse when the soldiers returning home were plunged into this deteriorating situation - again they felt betrayed, unemployment a poor reward for their sacrifices. Neither was the situation any better in the countryside. As farming in the north/centre had become more commercialised so some peasants, farm

  1. Does Hobbes's Sovereign or Locke's Civil Government provide better protection for the citizen?

    if they hold a grudge against someone else. The way in which a civil government provides much needed protection to the citizen is that they would keep a hold of things and implement laws to stop people from going too far. The government would be appointed mainly to restrain the problems, which would be caused by men.

  2. The Creation of the Welfare State

    Sources B shows that some people could afford insurance or could claim it through work. 3. How useful are sources D and E in helping you to understand the British government concern for the health of people in Britain during the Second World War?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work