• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the causes and consequences of social instability in Japan in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Extracts from this document...


Essay 3. Discuss the causes and consequences of social instability in Japan in the 1920s and early 1930s. Japan was an old-fashioned, ancient country in 1860s. With the help of the reforms during the Menji Period (1868-1912), Japan underwent the processes of modernization and westernization. The military power, economic, political conditions, etc. of Japan hugely improved and the society was stable, steady and prosper. However, after the end of the First World War, things turned bad. The society became instable. Riots and assassinations of politicians were common. There were a number of factors led to the social instability, which did cause a number of impacts in later years. If the needs of every social class were satisfied, it was hard to see any social instability. What were the needs of the Japanese in 1920s? The farmers or tenants looked for stable income and low land rent. The urban workers didn't want to see unemployment. The factory owners longed for a good oversea market. Therefore, their products could be sold easily and made a profit. Militarists and ultra-nationalists wanted to bring glory to Japan. Most of the people didn't want a corrupt government while all wanted a powerful and prestige Japan. ...read more.


On the other hand, the interests of the common people were totally ignored. The government tried to check popular social movements like labour activities. The discontent and disbelieve to the party government from common people can be imagined. In the field of foreign policy, the 'Shidehara Policy' disappointed the ultra-nationalists and militarists. Since 1890s, the Japanese government adopted an aggressive policy. In fact, they won and benefited from the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895), Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) and First World War (1914-1918). However, 'Shidehara Policy', which was about international cooperation and economic peaceful expansion, was adopted after the First World War. For example, in the Washington Conference (1921) and London Conference (1930), the number of Japanese warships was confined. And the policy towards China was a peaceful and helpful one during the 1920s. However, in the eyes of the ultra-nationalists and militarists, the policy was weak and humiliation. Due to the 1889 constitution, the militarists had the privilege to speak directly to the Tenno and could stop the cabinet. The discontented and disappointed militarists were looking forward to regain the power. There were a few new ideology in Japan in the 1920s and they had an impact on the social instability. ...read more.


The economic of Japan became better again as the factories were busy for producing arms. Men were moved to Manchuria and other places as soldiers and the problem of overpopulation were solved. The Allied Occupation during 1945-1952 were one of the consequences of the social instability in 1920s and 1930s as well as the results of the rise of militarists in 1930s. Because of a number of reasons, the Japanese finally lost the Pacific Wars in 1945, which was the first serious military defeat that Modern Japan suffered. They were asked to surround unconditionally and were occupied by the Allies in the following years. The Allies, mainly the USA help the Japan to rebuilt, reform and made sure they were not harmful to the international peace in the future. As shown, there were a number of internal and external reasons led to the social instability in Japan during the 1920s and early 1930s. It is fair to say the economic ones played a large extent as they directly harmed the life of the commons. The consequences of the social instability during the 1920s and early 1930s were significant. The most significant one was the rise of the militarists. The other consequences, such as the start of Pacific War, the Allied Occupation, were mainly the result of the rise of militarists. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    For example, Beijing became 'The East is Red.' Mao Zedong encouraged these activities saying 'To rebel is justified'. The Red Guards were given support for their campaign and police were told not to oppose them and the PLA gave them enthusiastic support.

  2. Critically evaluate/assess the achievements of Sergei Witte and their consequences for the social groups ...

    With this great development he developed the more remote regions of central and eastern Asia by links to already indutriliased western part of Russia. Russians workers resided to develop inland resources and living; production had helped to increase the movements of exports of coal, iron and steel and other exports, as it increased Russia's wealth.

  1. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    plan international, de aceea se poate aprecia ca pun�nd �n discutie problema valorilor internationale, formal Mill a facut un pas �nainte, dar �n fond �n comparatie cu David Ricardo el a facut 2 pasi �nainte. Pe deoparte pentru ca �n explicarea categoriei valoare �n general el a dat dovada de

  2. The causes and the political and social consequences of the Dreyfus Affair in France

    They would do everything to prove that Dreyfus was innocent. I will study the causes and the political and social consequences of the "Affair" which was unprecedented. THE CAUSES OF THE AFFAIR. The affair initially was born from a major crisis of the Republic.

  1. Did Democracy Survive in Britain in the 1930's as a Result of the Policies ...

    temporary peace at someone else's expense".8 The National Government also had to deal with the Abdication Crisis of 1936, by where King Edward wanted to marry a woman who was seen unfit to be married into the royal family due to suspicious links with Nazis and apparently for having several

  2. Alcoholic drinks, in today's society, have become an accepted part of social life. However, ...

    There was little, if any, mention of drink driving. The government, in fact, seems to be doing little to oppose the issue. I feel certain that a more thorough written paper as part of the driving exam to ensure people know the risks of alcohol when driving would be beneficial.

  1. Fascism and Communism in Britain in the 1930's

    The group are going to stick up and defend themselves but obviously if they weren't there then they weren't the cause of all the violence - there must have been other factors also. It's just people's different ideas as to who they thought was to blame.

  2. How far do these sources support the view that the New Deals of the ...

    government flowing into the Social Security Act, which, as the first ever measure of direct benefits, shattered the traditional role of the federal government, although some saw it as insufficient for the scale of the crisis and certain groups were neglected.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work