• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9

Does Hobbes's Sovereign or Locke's Civil Government provide better protection for the citizen?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assessed Essay Political Ideas A Does Hobbes's Sovereign or Locke's Civil Government provide better protection for the citizen? Providing citizens who live anywhere throughout the world, with the best protection that can possibly be given to them is a usually a high prerogative by the people in charge of ruling the country. At this present time, Police forces, specifically state laws etc give us as citizen's guidelines on how to behave and how to be protected. In this essay I will be looking at the theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke and how they provided theories on how to provide a strong and efficient method of protection for the citizens. Before I analyse different sources, the definition of protection for citizens needs to be clarified. I believe that better protection for the citizen deals with different elements of the citizen themselves. Protection in terms of security from violence, protection in terms of leading a better life and protection in order to help that citizen live with the liberty which they require and should be acquainted with. Therefore after analysing all the efficient resources I will come to an answer to the question as to which theory provides the best protection for the citizen. Hobbes's theory regarding the sovereign is a theory, which has been discussed for many years now. The sovereign that Hobbes's refers to as his method of some sort of commonwealth government is given the "identity as a Supreme Political leader"1, in which "Authority of sovereign is absolute and final, and extends over both ecclesiastical and civil concerns"2. ...read more.

Middle

The way, in which this is linked into how well the sovereign protects the citizen, is that it can be seen that by creating a sovereign the citizen will be protected for as long as it can be protected. Therefore, God and the political superior will keep the citizen protected until the citizen does not feel obliged to live to the sovereign laws anymore. Whereas Hobbes believes in a sovereign state in which everyone has an obligation to abide and follow the rules, John Locke's theory is based on the pursuing of a civil government, which Hobbes did not believe could happen. There are many reasons why Locke didn't believe that a sovereign was needed in order for a state to be run correctly, efficiently and even more so a state which could protect its citizens better than if it was run in another way. Locke thought that if everyone was willing to give up all their rights to have a government to look after them without taking advantage and being rational towards them then a government without anarchy could be achieved. One of Locke's beliefs was that each individual has a right to execute a law of nature. In order for them to be run under a civil government they needed to pass that right to the commonwealth, and then to get rid of the state of nature, an official umpire of sorts in needed to look at the state of nature, and determine what goes and what doesn't. ...read more.

Conclusion

laws which are already implemented some inside the heart and some from God. Then the citizen will be protected by the civil government aswell as being able to use its own mind because everyone has natural laws inside them, it's just the fact that sometimes the freedom isn't there to express and use it. Overall in conclusion to the question of does Hobbes's sovereign or Locke's civil government provide better protection for the citizen, based on the evidence I would propose that Locke's theory of civil government provides better protection for the citizen. The reason to why I have reached this conclusion is due to a number of factors. Locke allows the citizen to use natural law to a much larger extent than Hobbes and the fact that Locke has moved away from the state of nature and towards a government, which looks after the people in a more direct manner unlike an Anarchist government shows that stability can be achieved when society is given time to gel together. However although I agree that Locke's civil government provides a better protection for the citizen as a whole, I believe that Hobbes also provides suitable protection to the citizens in his society too under the circumstances, which was given to him. Although Hobbes's period of time was one during the civil war, the laws and the issues surrounding the sovereign made it possible to see that Hobbes was trying to provide instant protection to the citizen individually rather than collectively as a society as a whole. This was due to the fact that in a state of war, sometimes the best method of protection is just plain and simply self-preservation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Evaluate the extent to which the United Kingdom Parliament is sovereign. Consider both legal ...

    to help interpret legislation when a literal interpretation would lead to an absurd outcome. In my opinion, this may well be seen as a limit on Parliamentary Sovereignty because it is another aid to statutory interpretation, which can in fact get around legislation in various ways.

  2. "The Unknown Citizen": Auden's Satire of the State"

    The author describes this citizen as being an overall regular man in society, who did not change or impact the world by any means. He was a normal man who bought a paper every day and had no outrageous reactions towards it.

  1. Free essay

    Reforms of Turkey under Mustafa Ataturk, with regards to the revelutions from above

    Literature eventually got converted from Ottoman Turkish to a more modern purely Turkish language, although they didn't wanted any influence in the language, there were many Latin influences. Although Ataturk declared that these language reforms were to benefit the people as the literacy rates were so low, it is more

  2. Commentary - The unknown citizen by W.H.Auden

    It is just merely stating facts that the government wanted to hear and not what the person really felt. Therefore the poet wrote this poem to show the readers that in reality, this person should not be proud of what he has done as he is just conforming to his duties as a citizen of that era.

  1. Free essay

    Revision - Fairness and Justice. Rights and responsibilities as a British Citizen?

    Jury The Jury is made up of 12 people. Their job is to decide whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty. Youth Offending Teams Their job is making youths more responsible and to teach them about their actions. Probation Service Their job is to protect people who have just

  2. Citizenship - participating in society

    They did this by introducing a real life scernario about smoking and that smoking is a drug and you can get seriously addicted to it. This video was 10 minutes long. After the pupils had seen the video I gave some questions to them to test their observartion skills.

  1. Enviromental protection

    Many factories released their waste into the rivers. We produce a lot of litter in our households. We should select our litter. In housing estates there can be found special containers for different kind of garbage (glass, paper, plastic). The idea of this is that these materials can be recycled.

  2. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    ruling party whose own petty interests often override the concerns of a national government. The situation is not getting any better. Although the outrage both national and international against the incident created enough pressure on the Bangladesh government to put the lid on the situation, it did not really address the root cause of the issues.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work