• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11

European Parliament

Extracts from this document...


European Parliament In the words of the 1957 treaty of Rome, the European Parliament represents 'the peoples of the States brought together in the European Community'. There are a total of 626 representatives in the European Parliament, 87 of the representing the UK. France also has 87 representatives, and Germany has 99, which, between the most powerful countries in Europe, represents 43% of all the representatives. The first election of the representatives was in 1979. A new parliament is elected every 5 years. Each time a new treaty is signed, the European Parliament grows stronger, more powerful and more influential. Prior to the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, the parliament was only a consultative body, but with the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, and the 1997 Amsterdam Treaty, it has become a legislative parliament, with powers similar to the UK parliament. Currently, the president of the European Parliament is Nicole Fontaine. The UK's 87 representatives are listed below (In alphabetical Order) Gordon J. Adam Robert Atkins Elspeth Attwooll Richard A. Balfe Christopher J. P. Beazley Lord Bethell David Robert Bowe John Bowis Philip Charles Bradbourn Philip Bushill-Matthews Martin Callanan Michael Cashman Giles Bryan Chichester Nicholas Clegg Richard Corbett John Alexander Corrie Chris Davies Nirj Deva Den Dover Andrew Nicholas Duff James E. ...read more.


The third week in the month is set aside for meetings of the political groups, and the forth week is set aside for the plenary sitting in Strasbourg. The secretariat, described earlier, is located in Luxembourg. The Secretariat The organisation of parliament's work is all done y a secretariat. This 'organisation' is headed by a 'Secretary-General' and approximately 3,500 permanent staff working below him/her. As well as this, there are staff for each political group, and member's assistants. About a third of these people work in the translation and interpretation service of parliament, because of the 11 different languages used in parliament. Money Surprisingly, although parliament is extremely large, with all their members, and the number of people in the secretariat, parliament still has only a small budget in Europe. They have a budget of only 1% of the whole E.U. budget, which equates to approximately �1 from every person living in the E.U. What the European Parliament Does The European Parliament's work depends largely on it's powers. These powers have grown since it was first conceived, mainly in the recent treaties of Rome and Amsterdam, as mentioned earlier. ...read more.


Parliament has the power to censure the commission, which motion would inevitably force the commission to resign. So far, a motion to censure the commission has never been adopted, which would mean that two thirds of the parliament would have to be in agreement to do it. In march 1999 however, the European Parliament issued a report on the commission's management. This report note, wasn't carried out by parliament, it mandated a committee of 'independent experts' to carry out this work. It resulted the commission resigning, in order to prevent the embarrassment of a formal censure of parliament. Every day, parliament exercises it's powers: it studies monthly and annual reports which the commission is obliged to hand over. These include reports such as it's the annual general report, and the monthly report on the implementation of the budget. Finally, the commission has a 'question time' in which the European Parliament can provide written or verbal questions. Over 5,000 questions are asked each year. Parliament and the Council Parliament's powers over the council have increased dramatically since the expanded budgetary and legislative powers were introduced. The two share legislative power because of the codecision procedure, which was mentioned previously. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Describe the formal process of statute creation in parliament.

    This even includes punctuation. If one house rejects the amendments made by the other, it must go back to that house. The Bill may go to and fro in this way three or four times before an agreement is reached although the Lords usually bow to the wishes of the Commons.

  2. Prospects for India's development

    which allows the President to waive certain types of sanctions imposed on India in the aftermath of its controversial May 1998 nuclear test. In addition, the US Congress, having failed itself to ratify the CTBT, has severely hampered US ability to leverage Indian non-compliance with the NPT.

  1. "Debates, Question Time, and Select Committees all give Parliament Teeth." Do you agree?

    crucially it is the Whips who decide who joins which Committee, giving them the ability to stop potential trouble makers being able to scrutinise and hold the Government accountable very well. On top of this, although Committee Members have the right of the House of Commons to ask whatever questions

  2. Politics and Parliament - What's it all about?

    Functions Modern parliaments perform a variety of roles. Apart from the original idea of talking, it is usual for parliaments to be involved in law-making, in controlling the raising and spending of money, in representing in some sense the population of the country concerned, and possibly in influencing the composition of the government.

  1. Explain the Considerable Difference in the Relationship of West European Constitutional Courts and National ...

    I have chosen these three countries because they each exemplify a unique relationship between their Constitutional Courts and the national political institutions. In order to determine the reason for the different relationships between the constitutional courts and political institutions in these countries, it is necessary to focus firstly, on the

  2. A constitution is a set of laws, customs and conventions, which together defined the ...

    The sovereignty is a major political parenting friend also, where defensive national sovereignty against the centralising had released version of EU has produced the new major political party claimed to represent the Gaullist heritage. The same kind exists on the French left, where the interior minister's present socialist leads it led government.

  1. Law making; influences on Parliament, and statute creation.

    Some examples of recent projects undertaken by the Law Commission include gene therapy, data protection, fraud and stalking. The Law Commission makes good accounts of the law suggesting changes and putting froward arguments for change. The reforms are considered by a body of experts linked with the issue in hand.

  2. Reform in European Union Elections

    In Germany they use a version of PR, the Additional Member System, which is fundamentally a combination of First Past the Post and the List System. Whereas in their European elections they use a similar system to France. Greece, Spain, Portugal, Luxemburg, Austria, Denmark, Finland and Sweden all use a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work