• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the factors that affect the legitimacy of political systems

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Evaluate the factors that affect the legitimacy of political systems Before I can evaluate the factors that affect legitimacy , I need to define legitimacy. Legitimacy has been defined in a number of different ways, Max Weber defined it as "a belief in the right to rule", others see legitimacy as "the capacity of a political system to engender and maintain the belief that existing political institutions are the most appropriate and proper ones for the society." The basic idea is that without a legitimate government a country cannot effectively and then the government and people suffer. Something becomes legitimate when one approves of it. In a positive sense, legitimacy gets greater attention in political science. For example, an institution is perceived as legitimate, if approval for that institution is general among those people subject to its authority. Legitimacy can also link in with political power and authority. Power is the ability, to get things done either to enforce your own will, in the case of a dictator, or to enforce the will of a political group or over others. ...read more.

Middle

In theory this works, the people get want they want, if the majority of the people want a Labour government then they get it, giving legitimacy. This theory does not however work if only a small percent of the population turn out to vote or if the majority win is out numbered by other parties, for example if Labour got 42% majority win, they would technically have the majority of votes as a single party, however 58% of the voters voted against them. So there is a legitimacy crisis as a government is now in power but in a country in which more people are opposed to them than in favour. Another political factor that could affect legitimacy is policies. Good policies can get people elected, in times of hardship a changed in policy can help to elect in the hope that change and stability can be achieved, for example Barack Obama and his "Yes We Can" campaign in the 2008 American Presidency elections, Obama promised change for the American people after ...read more.

Conclusion

Things such as discrimination in Northern Ireland during the troubles were Catholics were discriminated against in areas such as housing, employment etc or on Nazi Germany with the holocaust against the Jews and other opponents of the Nazis. They were executed and used as slaves for years, this is an awful example of legitimacy gone wrong. Religious problems in a country leading to genocide, powerful and effective government with the wrong intentions, due to power hunger and corruption. There are many factors that affect the legitimacy of a political system, the major being inability to keep the peace and security in a country. If peace cannot be kept by a government then anarchy breaks out and corruption and downfall follows. Its other factors however that combine together to determine on whether or not the peace can be kept. Factors like democracy, a functioning economy, accountability and religious and racial stability that influence the decisions made by governments and it's these decisions that either make or brake a government and its legitimacy. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Explain and evaluate Locke's theory of government

    The philosopher implies that there is a path from the state of nature to the political society with the following words: 'But I moreover affirm, that all men are naturally in that state, and remain so, till by their own consents they make themselves members of some politic society'(Locke J., Two Treatise of Government, Yale University Press, p.

  2. Comparative Analysis: The churches and their affect on society and politics in the cases ...

    Political and religious background to Namibia Until 1968 Namibia was known as South West Africa (SWA). In 1884 it became a German colony. Prior to this various parts of Namibia were Christianised by different missions. German Lutherans, of the Rhenish Missionary Society, christianised the 'southern' part of Namibia, an area that was later to become the police zone.

  1. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    To provide efficient services and care for these individuals is in the interest of this large employer as well as the individuals. In addition to providing care for these individuals, more importantly the company also needs to focus on prevention interventions, ensuring that those employees who are uninfected remain HIV negative.

  2. An Introspective Study: Elitist Views of Political Socialisation in Education.

    All interviews lasted about an hour. III. The Interviews The most prominent thread that ran common among all 3 interviewees was the attitude of compliance with the way political socialization was being conducted through education. National Education was seen as "a good initiative", a necessary expository for students to know "not just their own lives".

  1. Why is corruption so prominent in the contemporary Latin American political scene?

    This percentage is said to have hit a record 40 to 50 percent under the short-lived Collor de Mello administration - the first president elected by a direct popular vote in 29 years." (7). The weakness of many political parties in Latin America has also lead to corruption, "In a

  2. Russia - political past, present and future

    The Bolsheviks together with Lenin gained more and more support from the common population, as they were able to establish the "socialistic paradise" and life free of dictatorship in the minds of people who lived lives of uncertainty and hopeless poverty.

  1. Critically evaluate the case the Yeltsin administration made for the use of force in ...

    1991 in elections that many were not allowed to take part in. As Andrei Kozyrev (foreign minister and member of the Security Council) explained 'the conflict was brought on by a criminal group......not interested in the welfare of the Chechen people'(Shulman, p113).

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    They thought the Tsar a sort of martyr to the uglier necessities of human society, a 'sacrificial symbol of self-renouncement'. The naivity of Slavophil political thought is revealed by their hope that it would be possible to combine autocracy with freedom of the press.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work