• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the extent to which the aims of the Beveridge report of 1942 had been achieved by 1951.

Extracts from this document...


Examine the extent to which the aims of the Beveridge report of 1942 had been achieved by 1951. In 1945 the Atlee Labour party came to power, as they had the policies and beliefs, which the British public saw, applicable to them. Labour was the socialist party and wanted to look after the poor and needy, whilst helping the British public socially and economically. Labour wanted equality, state planning and wanted to spend money on the British public. The Labour Party planned on doing everything in the Beveridge report, which is what I will reach a conclusion to as whether the aims of the Beveridge report were reached by 1951. The Beveridge report was published in December 1942, it created a phenomenal sensation. No government publication has ever aroused such interest. The report shifted a massive 635,000 copies. Everyone was interested in what Beveridge had to say as it could help them. Beveridge was interested in social issues, especially unemployment and poverty. William Beveridge was a Liberal. No one had anticipated Beveridge to write the report as quickly as he did. Beveridge decided it was time for fundamental changes in British Society. Thus he printed his report expressing his ideas for Fundamental changes to be made. ...read more.


The Beveridge reports main aim was to demolish the 'Five Giants'; Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness. His scheme rested on three assumptions; that a NHS would be set up to ensure adequate health care, family/ child allowances would be paid to all parents and that there would be full employment with as little as 3% unemployment. With Beveridge wanting to eliminate poverty he saw it best done by an insurance scheme were every worker would make flat rate contributions, with an ability to claim a uniform rate of benefit. This was similar to the insurance schemes already in place, but Beveridge planned on exceeding the scheme. With insurance contributions there would be one standard weekly payment. Furthermore, Beveridge's scheme would not be selective, but universal. He wanted everyone to be at liberty to take out private insurance as an addition to the state scheme. With such plans, elimination of the means test would take place, as benefits were now entitlements. With all of the above hopefully working Beveridge aimed on mass unemployment removed with Want also abolished. Beveridge believed benefits should be at a substantial level to cover people's basic needs. As a possible result of the Beveridge report, Labour introduced acts, which were suggested by the report. Labour came into power in 1945 with a great public following. ...read more.


The NHS finally came into effect in 1948. By this time Clement Atlee's productive stage was over. Beveridge's report did help, although, Beveridge didn't write a blueprint for the report, it was ideas to conquer the ills of society. Thus, the Beveridge report was ideas not practicality. Labour did on the other hand introduce Acts, which were suggested by Beveridge to help reform the welfare state. Consequently, the distribution of wealth, showed relatively little change between 1945 and 1951. In 1946 'houses of the villa type' were being built in the Development Areas, to cater for managers, skilled workers, and scientists, which defeats the object of the Beveridge report to improve housing for a universal and comprehensive change. It is claimed that Bevan was persuaded to agree. Additionally, class divisions continued to pursue as the private sector in key areas of the social services remained forceful - public schools, private insurance schemes, private medical and specialist services. In addition, it was notorious that more affluent or middle-class people received substantial help from universal welfare benefits. Especially with free health service, free secondary-school places and food subsidies. This enabled the gap between them and manual workers to grow even wider. This led Britain's welfare democracy into a more classless society. I thus believe that Labour didn't do everything within their power to fulfil everything which Beveridge stated; however, they did make a great change which led to such success nowadays. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    The population was that of 115,570, were 12% of it was very poor and had no means. 25% of the population worked in the agricultural force, were only 2% of the population were landowners. So note the percentage population that worked with private landowners.

  2. In detail describe the historical development of the welfare state since 1945 and how ...

    This combat the problem of squalor that was facing the government. After the war many people feared high unemployment yet this problem didn't appear as the government nationalised many public utilities such as gas, water and electricity industries as were the coal, steel and railway.

  1. Describe what was in the Beveridge report

    Beveridge recommended the establishment of a National Health Service, national insurance and assistance, family allowances, and stressed the importance of full-employment. The Beveridge Report of 1942 proposed a system of National Insurance, based on three 'assumptions' - family allowances, a National Health Service, and full employment.

  2. The Creation of the Welfare State

    Both Sources are linked as source D (health issue based) faces one of the issues in source E which is also health related. Also in source D there are indications of people working for the factories as which again is addressed in source E.

  1. The ending of White minority rule was achieved solely by Nelson Mandela. Do you ...

    When Mandela took refuge it was at a time when a trend swept across the continent of Africa. During the late 50s and throughout the 60s, the White colonies that ruled over 30 countries in Africa gave independence to the Black peoples of the countries.

  2. Prospects for India's development

    Second, a country with a labor force, comprised 70% of either illiterate or educated below the primary level, cannot continue to invest a disproportionate sum on higher education rather than on basic education. C. Privatization and Liberalization of Key Industries Snapshot Severe inefficiencies and lack of investment plague all areas of infrastructure in India.

  1. Civil Service Reform.

    the performance of government functions by unelected government-appointed bodies. Reform of the Civil Service has included the introduction of new management methods, for example the FMI initiative ; the separation of policy making from service delivery by the setting up of Next Steps Agencies, the Citizens charter and Market testing; transforming the culture of the civil service through reform

  2. Chartist aims and methods - Source related study.

    shows the lack of unity within the resistance and goes on to describe how O'Connor's method of 'hurry and haste' and use of violence, 'armed opposition', would only cause the elimination of Chartism, 'destruction of Chartism.' This source shows how firmly on the side of peaceful practise and education some of the leaders were.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work