• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9

Examine the impact that independence had economically, socially, and politically in Indonesia.

Extracts from this document...


Examine the impact that independence had economically, socially, and politically in Indonesia. Indonesia is a country that has been controlled by many different powers, from the Indian civilization in the early centuries AD to the Republic of Indonesia that exists today. The Indian civilization began with the rapid spread of Hinduism, and eventually, Buddhism, and lasted until the sixteenth century AD. Indian culture and customs were introduced, such as the system of government in a monarchy, the organization of military troops, architecture, religious practices and rituals, literature, music and dances. Muslim merchants in the sixteenth century began to establish trade links with Indonesia, India, and Persia, and eventually, the Hindu kings were influenced and converted to Islam. This transition allowed greater trade capabilities for Indonesia, however, some people rejected Islam and retreated to reclusive islands. Soon after Islam had spread throughout Indonesia, the Portuguese arrived and successfully began to propagate Christianity, however, they were unable to defeat the Islamic king of the time. It was only in the eighteenth century that Dutch colonialism conquered the Islamic kingdom. This colonialism resulted in some public dissent, causing outbreaks of protest and rebellions against the Dutch. Britain was able to capture Indonesia from the Dutch for only a temporary amount of time, and in the end, Japan had control over Indonesia. ...read more.


(The War for Independence, http://www.gimonca.com/sejarah/sejarah08.html, March 20, 2003.) It can be seen that ignorance can lead to violence, especially when this ignorance is used to solve political problems, which require sound decision-making skills. An example of ignorance resulting in violence is most definitely when suicide bombers make ignorant decisions to follow their leaders and kill innocent people. If the suicide bombers in the September 11th mission, for example, had been educated people, they would have realized that killing thousands of innocent Americans is not a jihad and is not what Islam condones. This kind of ignorance existed in Indonesia during the colonial times, because the Indonesians did not have the opportunity to educate themselves while being ruled under a foreign nation. This is part of the reason for only violence and the utter lack of diplomacy that took place during the struggle for independence. Looking deeper into the subject, it can be seen that the lack of Indonesian independence itself caused this violence by preventing most Indonesian people from the opportunity to get highly educated, thus one can say that colonialism caused ignorance, which in turn, caused violence. Therefore, through the use of Indonesian independence bringing about a stronger economy and more educated people, peace within the nation was possible. ...read more.


On the other hand, peace was also attained because there were no more struggles and no more violence needed after independence had been attained. Peace within the nation also came about because the opinions of the citizens were being taken into consideration in the political system. The country benefited politically because colonialism was abolished and a more democratic constitution was put into place. The peace within the nation, in turn, supported the economic development and the new political system and did not stunt the growth of these two aspects. Therefore, the economical, social, and political aspects of Indonesia supported each other after independence was achieved, and helped these aspects of the country develop after the initiation by the achievement of independence. This support was necessary for the continuation of economical development and the preservation of peace, and thus benefited Indonesia greatly. The independence that Indonesia finally managed to attain after three hundred and fifty years of colonial domination had a huge impact on the society and this impact definitely benefited the country economically, socially, and politically. Even though these benefits were not evident immediately after independence was achieved, through time, the economy of Indonesia improved, violence subsided, and public dissent towards the political system diminished. Such a stark improvement in Indonesia's success gives it credibility in the world today, and, as proven by the arguments in this report, Indonesia's path to achievement began with its independence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    Everyone learned to hide his or her true feelings. They learned to do and say everything that the Communist Party wanted them to. If they showed any signs of resistance, they would be pressurised into changing their opinions. If they didn't, they would be sent to labour camps to be

  2. The colonial factor in the Nigerian civil war (1967-1970)

    he could have capitalized on the relief that immediately followed the coup. Military Governors were appointed to oversee the administration of the regions. In the North the numbed favorable reaction in certain quarters turned to studied silence and a "wait and see" attitude.

  1. How far do you agree that it was Cavour's diplomacy rather that Garibaldi's ideas ...

    such as in 1860.The Risorgimento required political expertise and international diplomacy, which were present in Cavour. Although Garibaldi was considered to be a military genius, this quality alone was not and never would be enough to protect Italy from the military superiority of foreign forces; this was evident in 1848 with Garibaldi's Roman Revolt.

  2. The Mexican Economy

    employers and by the hostility of U.S. farm labor organizations toward the competition of Mexican migratory laborers willing to work for substandard wages. In March 1952, the Congress of the United States passed a bill providing for the punishment by fines and imprisonment of those recruiting and employing aliens who entered the country illegally.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    Another interesting fact was the way population increased around these areas and how the Cottonera generated and became densely populated. another reason for Malta's prosperity was the effect of the Berlin and Milan Decrees known better as the Continental System.

  2. Zimbabwe is one country in which even after independence, the situation has not changed.

    But, at that time, no one knew that the enemy Mugabe was fighting against i.e. absolute rule, would soon become his own way of ruling an independent Zimbabwe. Soon after the ZANU was formed, it was banned by the contemporary Ian Smith government and Mugabe was detained in prison for ten long years.

  1. Britain has no written constitution or comprehensive Bill of Rights, and is found partly ...

    not to have explicit rights for example the freedom to religion, speech and assembly and the freedom to conscience. This is perhaps one of the reasons that the Human Rights Act, which was established in 1998 by the EC, was only enforced in Britain in October 2000.

  2. How far were Gandhi's actions after 1920 responsible for Indiagaining her independence in 1947?

    in the face of adversity; the British 'lost face' to a greater degree than if major concessions had been made at this time. What Amritsar also allowed Gandhi to do was to press home the slogan of "Swaraj." Gandhi, however, alarmingly predicted that self-rule would be achieved by the end of 1921.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work