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Examine the impact that independence had economically, socially, and politically in Indonesia.

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Introduction

Examine the impact that independence had economically, socially, and politically in Indonesia. Indonesia is a country that has been controlled by many different powers, from the Indian civilization in the early centuries AD to the Republic of Indonesia that exists today. The Indian civilization began with the rapid spread of Hinduism, and eventually, Buddhism, and lasted until the sixteenth century AD. Indian culture and customs were introduced, such as the system of government in a monarchy, the organization of military troops, architecture, religious practices and rituals, literature, music and dances. Muslim merchants in the sixteenth century began to establish trade links with Indonesia, India, and Persia, and eventually, the Hindu kings were influenced and converted to Islam. This transition allowed greater trade capabilities for Indonesia, however, some people rejected Islam and retreated to reclusive islands. Soon after Islam had spread throughout Indonesia, the Portuguese arrived and successfully began to propagate Christianity, however, they were unable to defeat the Islamic king of the time. It was only in the eighteenth century that Dutch colonialism conquered the Islamic kingdom. This colonialism resulted in some public dissent, causing outbreaks of protest and rebellions against the Dutch. Britain was able to capture Indonesia from the Dutch for only a temporary amount of time, and in the end, Japan had control over Indonesia. ...read more.

Middle

(The War for Independence, http://www.gimonca.com/sejarah/sejarah08.html, March 20, 2003.) It can be seen that ignorance can lead to violence, especially when this ignorance is used to solve political problems, which require sound decision-making skills. An example of ignorance resulting in violence is most definitely when suicide bombers make ignorant decisions to follow their leaders and kill innocent people. If the suicide bombers in the September 11th mission, for example, had been educated people, they would have realized that killing thousands of innocent Americans is not a jihad and is not what Islam condones. This kind of ignorance existed in Indonesia during the colonial times, because the Indonesians did not have the opportunity to educate themselves while being ruled under a foreign nation. This is part of the reason for only violence and the utter lack of diplomacy that took place during the struggle for independence. Looking deeper into the subject, it can be seen that the lack of Indonesian independence itself caused this violence by preventing most Indonesian people from the opportunity to get highly educated, thus one can say that colonialism caused ignorance, which in turn, caused violence. Therefore, through the use of Indonesian independence bringing about a stronger economy and more educated people, peace within the nation was possible. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand, peace was also attained because there were no more struggles and no more violence needed after independence had been attained. Peace within the nation also came about because the opinions of the citizens were being taken into consideration in the political system. The country benefited politically because colonialism was abolished and a more democratic constitution was put into place. The peace within the nation, in turn, supported the economic development and the new political system and did not stunt the growth of these two aspects. Therefore, the economical, social, and political aspects of Indonesia supported each other after independence was achieved, and helped these aspects of the country develop after the initiation by the achievement of independence. This support was necessary for the continuation of economical development and the preservation of peace, and thus benefited Indonesia greatly. The independence that Indonesia finally managed to attain after three hundred and fifty years of colonial domination had a huge impact on the society and this impact definitely benefited the country economically, socially, and politically. Even though these benefits were not evident immediately after independence was achieved, through time, the economy of Indonesia improved, violence subsided, and public dissent towards the political system diminished. Such a stark improvement in Indonesia's success gives it credibility in the world today, and, as proven by the arguments in this report, Indonesia's path to achievement began with its independence. ...read more.

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