• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

EXPLAIN ARISTOTLE'S ENDORSEMENT OF 'POLITY' AS THE 'BEST POSSIBLE FOR MOST STATES'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

EXPLAIN ARISTOTLE'S ENDORSEMENT OF 'POLITY' AS THE 'BEST POSSIBLE FOR MOST STATES' Polity is defined as a from of Government or type of constitution, such as a democratic polity. Aristotle uses 'polity' in two forms, the name for a constitution of any kind, and as the name of a specific polity. 'Polity' is the form of Government under which all citizens rule and are ruled in turn. The main principle of polity is that all citizens have a share of political power, and that they should all be active in ruling the state. In this essay I will discuss Aristotle's endorsement of 'polity' as the 'best possible for most states.' Aristotle regards the politeia (constitution) as a means of organising people that are living within a state. He regards polit�s (citizens) as people who participate in the legal, political, and administrative judgement and authority of the state. Although there are other people living within the state, it is only citizens that are able to participate in the administration of the state. ...read more.

Middle

In book III he discusses Kingship as a form of Government, he concludes that it is not a good form of Government unless one citizen's virtues are greater than the rest of the state's combined. As this is very unlikely to be the case, he believes his polity is more appropriate. He describes his polity as a form of Government in which all citizens take turn to rule. There are many different sections to the Government, and as discussed above each class of the state has a role to play in each section. It is in this way that citizens from each class take turn to rule. Aristotle's polity incorporates both oligarchic and democratic features in the aim of uniting the rich and the poor. He makes the distinction that the difference between oligarchy and democracy is the difference between whether the rich and the poor rule, not whether the few or the many rule. Although it is almost certain that rich will be few and the poor will be many. ...read more.

Conclusion

These forms of constitution are simply the corrupted forms of what he believes are the good constitutions. In book III Aristotle argues a principle that is the corner stone of Liberal Democracy, that we ought, to the extent possible, allow the law to rule. What he mean by this is that people by allowing law to rule, people are leaving god and intellect to rule. If they are asking man to rule then they are opening up the possibility of corruption. Aristotle believes that Polity is the best constitution for achieving the common good; by the common good he means the well being of all citizens within the state, this does not mean all residents within the state. Other residents of the state, such as women, manual labourers and slaves are in the state for the good of the citizens and are not taken into consideration. Aristotle does not claim that Polity is the ideal form of constitution, he believed it was best because by the citizens sharing the power, they were all represented in Government and this meant that there was less chance of corruption. Polity is a form of constitution that is realistically attainable by most states. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Free essay

    Reforms of Turkey under Mustafa Ataturk, with regards to the revelutions from above

    be more accepted and this appeared to be true in Ataturk's instance. Ataturk was fully aware of what he had to and the most important of them all in starting his progress was to consolidated power, this would then give than foundation to work on.

  2. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    These were the Maltese, the King Ferdinand VI of Naples, Russia, Order of St. John and Britain. The British wanted to have Malta because they were the once that blockaded the ports during the French era, offering any type of supply.

  1. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    C=Corruption M= Monopoly D= Discretion A= Accountability S= Public sector salaries In other words, the extent of corruption depends on the amount of monopoly power and discretionary power that official's exercise and the degree to which they are held accountable for their actions.

  2. Nationalism as applied to business

    simultaneously in time, a group of readers like them consuming the same cultural manufactures. These manufactures gave the readers a sense of national consciousness in three ways: 1. They created unified fields of exchange below Latin and above the vernaculars 2.

  1. The causes and possible solutions of the ethnic conflict between Russians and Estonians in ...

    When journalist Lilia Sokolinskaja, interviewing one politician, mentioned a young and promising Russian specialist, the latter exclaimed: "Why does he live here? Let him move to Russia!"4 Another reason for the conflict is that Estonians would like to Russians to learn the language, traditions, culture history of the state, that

  2. How could the Walpolean oligarchy be at once exclusive and stable?

    In many respects, it was the character of Walpole that allowed this to occur. Walpole managed to endear himself to two successive Kings, and through clever political manipulation of contacts within the royal family, he embedded himself in the court.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work