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The first 200 words of this essay...
How the System Works:
The current system for electing MPs to the House of Commons is called First-Past-The-Post. There are 659 separate constituencies across the UK each electing one single Member of Parliament. In order to vote you simply put an 'X' next to the name of the candidate you support. The candidate who gets the most votes wins, regardless of whether he or she has more than 50% support. Once members have been individually elected, the party with the most seats in Parliament, regardless of whether or not it has a majority across the country, normally becomes the next government.
The system is used:
for elections to the House of Commons and local elections in the UK and in USA, Canada and India.
Arguments used in favour:
* It is simple to understand.
* The voter can express a view on which party should form the next government.
* It tends to lead to a two-party system. The system tends to produce single party governments, which are strong enough to create legislation and tackle the country's problems, without relying on the support of any other party.
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