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Functions of the House of Commons.

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Functions of the House of Commons. Explain the functions of the House of Commons. The House of Commons has many important functions. These include scrutiny, legislation, representation, debate and recruitment of government. Legislation is the main function, as it is the job of the House of Commons to introduce and pass bills. Bills can be passed, amended or dropped altogether in the Commons, before it even reaches the House of Lords. Parliament collectively makes law, but it is mainly the government that introduces and passes legislation, for example the Criminal Justice Bill. The second function is scrutiny, where the government must explain and defend its actions to the House of Commons. This can be done in several ways, including Prime Ministers Question Time. ...read more.


The final function of the House of Commons is recruitment of government. The Prime Minister picks the cabinet, and these ministers are mainly chosen from the House of Commons. For example, Tony Blair and Lord Chancellor Irvine both sit in the House of Commons. How effectively do the House of Commons perform these functions? As far as legislation is concerned, the House of Commons passes bills through, but the role is not entirely effective. The government more often than not passes legislation that they want, as they have an overall majority. MPs do not vote to pass or veto legislation according to what they think is right or best for their constituencies, as party whips tell them which way they should vote, and because of this, it can also be said that the function of representation is not carried out effectively. ...read more.


However, as select committees tend to be made up in proportion to representation in the House of Commons, the government will still have a majority in the committees designed to question and hold them to account. While most of the functions of the House of Commons are carried out to some degree, they are not all carried out effectively. MPs are under the influence of the party whips, and because of this they represent their party more than their constituents. Legislation proposed by the government gets passed because they have such a large majority, and the government can also control scrutiny as the party with the largest representation dominates select committees. In this way, the functions of the House of Commons are carried out, but not effectively. Georgina Grace ...read more.

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