• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Government and Politics - Political Parties

Extracts from this document...


Government and Politics Political Parties a) What is a Politics party? A political party is an organised group of people who wish to gain power so that they can govern the country. It has a number of people including a leader, like pressure groups they are mass campaigning for their party so that they get more members to rally their party. These parties have policies for many issues so that when they form a government they can put them to use. b) What are the main policy areas that divide the Labour and Conservative parties? The main policy areas for Labour are as follows: the Conservative Party, which developed within the parliament whereas Labour developed as a popular movement outside the legislature. In the 1900 the LRC, Labour Representation Committee was formed by trade unions, cooperative and socialist societies so that it can represent concepts of the trade unions and also get working men to parliament. ...read more.


Regardless of a single party in 1918,a similar federalism still underlies the structure of the Labour party. The party's written constitution committed it to a certain ideological aim and laid democratic procedure for elections, appointments and decision-making. They were more democratic than the Conservatives had a autocratic party organisation, the constitution precludes some of the flexible adaptation to changing circumstances that latter enjoys and when in government offers an alternative source of authority which on occasions caused Labour embarrassment. c) To what extent has 'new Labour broken with the party's traditional ideas and values? After the 'Kinnock' project the party shifted to the political centre and the acceptance of Thatcherite policies. He wanted to strengthen the authority of the leader over the party organisation; the media played a part in promoting the party election strategy. ...read more.


What has happed in new labour is the reversal of traditional labour democracy. The trade union lost its relationship with the party because the project teams received addresses by Brown and Blair. The party discipline and self discipline were tightened, he had mad his party aware that they were New Labour and that ranks must not be broken. The OMOV system was rejected and the discredited electoral system revised. The changes are due to the social and cultural change to Britain and so if Labour were to win the next election then they had to change its policies so that it matched the people's needs too. The party came to terms with the fact that the conservative policies that were opposed are popular and so too firmly established to be ignored. This includes the privatisation measures, changing in industrial relations laws, cuts in marginal rates of direct taxation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. "Critically evaluate the relationship between Members of Parliament, political parties and pressure groups in ...

    They draw up the bills and also decide whether they are agreeing on it. They can also change a bill to suit their needs. As a public bill has a very long and tedious path to go through, going through the same long process in each house it is greatly scrutinised.

  2. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    It may be noted that Pakistani women's groups were also among the first in Pakistan to apologize for the atrocities, the Pakistani Army inflicted on the Bengali population in general and women in particular. Even within the context of Bangladesh the Hill Women's Federation worked closely with certain Bengali women's

  1. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    Management and labour are trying to come to terms with one another in an attempt to de-politicise organised labour. Race remains the most important identity, albeit not the only one. So no party can aspire to govern unless it wins substantial black support.

  2. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    like African-American or Latino voters in urban areas, can prove relatively more effective in getting their representatives into the US Congress than groups which are widely dispersed across legislative districts (Rule and Zimmerman 1992). Second Ballot Majority-Runoff Systems Other systems use alternative mechanisms to ensure that the winning candidate gets an overall majority of votes.

  1. Political parties and representation

    Pareto, Michels, "the iron law of oligarchy" - but even J S Mill argued that the British parliament should include some non-elected experts/elites. This in turn relates to important differences in theories about the nature of representation (see next). (3)

  2. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    through Parliamentary Representation * Pressure Groups- Seek influence generally on single issues - Green Peace * Trade Unions- Technically a pressure group but mostly lower classes What were the beliefs of Traditional Conservatism? * Keeping things as they are (Status Quo)

  1. Asian Values in Singaporean Perspective.

    of Eastern Europe, in black communities in the US, or in the middleclass of Chile (Yang, 1994, p. 7). Thus even though it cannot be considered uniquely Asian social behavior, it however is part of Asian culture. Lee Kuan Yew also notes the problem of guanxi when he writes about China and their wish to copy Singapore's success.

  2. Civil Service Reform.

    Yet, Bogdanor comments, the introduction of the 'Next Steps' agencies has not been accompanied by any rethinking of the doctrine of ministerial responsibility. He quotes Mrs Thatcher's statement to the House of Commons on 18 February 1988, when she declared, 'There will be no change in the arrangements for accountability.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work