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Government functions.

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Introduction: Since the earliest days of human history, communities of people living together recognized that rules were necessary to regulate their daily lives. Pre-industrial societies, while considerably small, selected leaders to create and implement the rules by which they lived. While the people themselves took no part in the rulemaking and left everything to their leaders, as cultures developed, people realized that it was their well being that was at stake. Thus, little by little they developed the idea of participating in government. They began to recognize the logic behind choosing the particular people who would draw up laws that they thought would protect and serve their welfare. The people also commenced putting into operation their own systems for enforcing these laws. In this way, people created Government. Government functions encompass such issues as property rights and taxes. They set educational requirements, establish constraints on immigration, and handle a nation's defense capabilities. They are responsible for the allocation of resources and the assurance that public facilities and infrastructure will be available for all citizens. As socio-economic conditions progressed all over the world, governments became responsible for a greater number of tasks and played an increasing number of roles. ...read more.


With the cost of living very high and poverty a pressing concern; elections are more prone to suffer from cheating and vote-buying. The right to vote is undermined by the right to feed a hungry stomach; and rational choice is blurred by the urgency of need. i Another sore point of our politics is our weak part systemii. Our politicians have no real loyalty to the visions and ideologies of their political parties- it is impossible not to notice how quickly and how often they move from one political party to another. Politicians talk about their priorities vaguely and with broad outlines and game-plans; they say things like " I'm Pro-Life" or "Aalagaan ang Kalikasan" but they don't say exactly how.This weak party system is another disadvantage in our elections procedures; without any real difference in political agendas and priorities, the people's wants and needs are not really voiced out and represented. If the citizens cannot base their election choices on a diversity of programs and platforms- on what will they base their votes? Looks? Popularity? The priorities of the citizens as basis for their votes are varied. ...read more.


This will prevent a voter belonging to the marginalized population from acquiring the relevant data. Instead, he will rely on name-recall and any tidbit that media can provide for him. The candidate, on the other hand, will see the advantage of frequent media exposures and will invest heavily on such a campaign strategy. In order to preserve the Philippines' democratic ideals, it is necessary to always keep the public well-informed so that they will have sound opinions. After all, when considering the most suitable form of government for the Philippines, our political culture should be taken into profound consideration. i Blais, A & Massicotte, L, 1996, "Electoral Systems", in LeDuc, L, Niemi, R G & Norris, P (eds), Comparing Democracies, Elections and Voting in Global Perspective. Thousand Oakes: SAGE Publications, 1996. ii Duverger, M, (1964) Political Parties: Their Organization and Activity in the Modern State. New York: Wiley. iii Hinich, M J & Munger, M C (1994), Ideology and the Theory of Political Choice. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. iv Hedman, Eva-Lotta E., and Sidel, John. (2001). Philippine Politics and Society in the Twentieth Century: Colonial Legacies, Post-Colonial Trajectories. New York: Routledge Press. ...read more.

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