• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Government functions.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction: Since the earliest days of human history, communities of people living together recognized that rules were necessary to regulate their daily lives. Pre-industrial societies, while considerably small, selected leaders to create and implement the rules by which they lived. While the people themselves took no part in the rulemaking and left everything to their leaders, as cultures developed, people realized that it was their well being that was at stake. Thus, little by little they developed the idea of participating in government. They began to recognize the logic behind choosing the particular people who would draw up laws that they thought would protect and serve their welfare. The people also commenced putting into operation their own systems for enforcing these laws. In this way, people created Government. Government functions encompass such issues as property rights and taxes. They set educational requirements, establish constraints on immigration, and handle a nation's defense capabilities. They are responsible for the allocation of resources and the assurance that public facilities and infrastructure will be available for all citizens. As socio-economic conditions progressed all over the world, governments became responsible for a greater number of tasks and played an increasing number of roles. ...read more.

Middle

With the cost of living very high and poverty a pressing concern; elections are more prone to suffer from cheating and vote-buying. The right to vote is undermined by the right to feed a hungry stomach; and rational choice is blurred by the urgency of need. i Another sore point of our politics is our weak part systemii. Our politicians have no real loyalty to the visions and ideologies of their political parties- it is impossible not to notice how quickly and how often they move from one political party to another. Politicians talk about their priorities vaguely and with broad outlines and game-plans; they say things like " I'm Pro-Life" or "Aalagaan ang Kalikasan" but they don't say exactly how.This weak party system is another disadvantage in our elections procedures; without any real difference in political agendas and priorities, the people's wants and needs are not really voiced out and represented. If the citizens cannot base their election choices on a diversity of programs and platforms- on what will they base their votes? Looks? Popularity? The priorities of the citizens as basis for their votes are varied. ...read more.

Conclusion

This will prevent a voter belonging to the marginalized population from acquiring the relevant data. Instead, he will rely on name-recall and any tidbit that media can provide for him. The candidate, on the other hand, will see the advantage of frequent media exposures and will invest heavily on such a campaign strategy. In order to preserve the Philippines' democratic ideals, it is necessary to always keep the public well-informed so that they will have sound opinions. After all, when considering the most suitable form of government for the Philippines, our political culture should be taken into profound consideration. i Blais, A & Massicotte, L, 1996, "Electoral Systems", in LeDuc, L, Niemi, R G & Norris, P (eds), Comparing Democracies, Elections and Voting in Global Perspective. Thousand Oakes: SAGE Publications, 1996. ii Duverger, M, (1964) Political Parties: Their Organization and Activity in the Modern State. New York: Wiley. iii Hinich, M J & Munger, M C (1994), Ideology and the Theory of Political Choice. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. iv Hedman, Eva-Lotta E., and Sidel, John. (2001). Philippine Politics and Society in the Twentieth Century: Colonial Legacies, Post-Colonial Trajectories. New York: Routledge Press. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    Another important destination was that of Egypt, a country where Maltese communities already lived there after that Napoleon and recruited soldiers from Malta had attacked the Egyptians at Aboukir Bay. The remaining soldiers had settled in Alexandria. The more the British increased their power in Egypt, the more Maltese emigrated towards that area.

  2. Citizenship - participating in society

    Contribution of Others: Our team leader Mohammed Abdul Jaleel decided to contact the NHS (National Health Service) and he told them about our project and they were very helpful. They provided him with a variety of booklets on smoking and they also gave him some DVD's and Videos in which we used.

  1. Explain and evaluate Locke's theory of government

    state of nature leads to obligation about establishment of political power and government (Locke J., Two Treatise of Government, Yale University Press, p. 142). So in order to understand Locke's theory of government, we first need to know the state of nature.

  2. The United States uses a presidential system of government and is a stable democracy; ...

    However it can be argued that it does offer a functional equivalent of popular election in terms of the prime minister where voters choosing the governing party is also choosing the party leader to be the prime minister, this is especially true in a two party systems but less apparent in multi-party systems.

  1. Prospects for India's development

    By trying to impose the hiring of apprentices through more regulation, the government solely creates additional costs for firms to do business in India. On the other hand the emphasis on funding institutions with alternative curricula such as professional degrees would be a reasonable action to be taken.

  2. Liberal democracies are a common system of government throughout the civilised world.

    Evidently, therefore, power does seem to lie in the hands of a select few, which elitists argue as inevitable (see below). A further criticism of classical pluralism is that it assumes that all groups within society must have a pressure group representing them.

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    The YMBA schools soon became centres of the community's social life and national awareness. They resorted to religious organisations as a politically safe way to promote nationalistic sentiments. Buddhism provided a common platform for those who deeply resented the colonial government's neglect of and injury to their faith.

  2. What are the main functions of political parties? How effectively do political parties fulfil ...

    It is because of this that there have been very few independent candidates since the introduction of party politics. Parties provide candidates with support, money and an infrastructure. It also allows voters to easily identify a candidate's political standpoint.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work