• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Have Prior Reforms Of The Lords Been Effective And Can Anything Further Be Done In Its Aid ?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Have Prior Reforms Of The Lords Been Effective And Can Anything Further Be Done In Its Aid ? UK parliament consists of two houses, these form a bi-cameral, two chamber system, government. The Lord's is the second chamber of parliament and originally established, alongside a commons (the first chamber) and the monarchy. The first and second chambers of parliament are effectively present to provide resistance and check the monarchy (Guardian.co.uk April 2003 (Wakeham commission recommendations report)). The House of Lord's main functions are to amend and scrutinise legislation passed up to them from the House of Commons. The house is also one of the unwritten constitutional checks on the government. Through this power it can question the government's action. The house holds ministers to account and debates public issues. The lords also reviews and revises legislation passed up to it from the lower chamber. The Lord's, unlike the Commons, is unelected, some say, resulting in an undemocratic society (Guardian.co.uk April 2003 (Lords Reform)). Before the Labour Governments House Of Lords Act 1999, the composition of the lord's consisted of several different types of lords, whilst also being conservative dominated (Charter88.org.uk (House Of Lords)). Hereditary peers formed the large bulk, with a former total of 775. Hereditary peers have their title passed down to their eldest child upon their own death or retirement. ...read more.

Middle

Lord Wakeham, from his report, has recommended that government supporter's and those who wish to have a complete overhaul of the system compromise. This is due to both parties wanting different appointment methods for members of the house. Those supporting the government believe that a fully nominated house would function better, compared to those that believe a directly elected house would function better (Lord Chancellors Department White Paper (Lords Reform, November 2001)). If the Lords were to be fully nominated it would allow for a better starting place on authority. This authority would be provided by the members themselves as they would be bringing some form of expertise to the house, their personal opinions and beliefs would also figure predominately, again, if membership were to be nominated as well as there apparently being no dominate party in the reformed house, it would lead to fairer politically unbiased discussions views being put forth. However, a fully elected upper chamber would also have its disadvantages, first, at the moment the lords members are not full time, however, with a fully elected chamber the possibility of a full time political career would become apparent, individual knowledge and expertise may also be lost within an elected lords. Finally, comments regarding the disappearance of individuals and cross-benchers have come to light in regards to an elected house (Lord Chancellors Department White Paper (Lords Reform, November 2001)). ...read more.

Conclusion

Taking these ideas into account, membership should consist of around 550 - 600. This will compose of 120 non partisan members who should be appointed by the aforementioned check of a Statutory Appointments Commission, a further 120 will be elected directly, 16 bishops to represent the state religion, a minimum of 12 law lords to bring a judicial element of knowledge and, finally, no more than 332 nominated members who may/will be party affiliated, and if so, their number will mirror their strength. In conclusion, I believe that the existing administration is working hard to find a solution to the current status of the lords, whether they are doing this to benefit themselves and their own party is a different question. The reforms so far, I believe, have been effective on the surface, below however, the same issues continue to arise but on a smaller scale. After the House Of Lords Act 1999, the upper chamber still does not constitute a representative or democratic institution. Those peers that have been elected to stay, however, show that the reforms have been partially effective by claiming legitimacy and, although the conservatives still have a majority in the house, it has been reduced. Peers are also more likely to challenge the government due to this increased 'legitimacy', this it can be said enables the Lords to work more effectively. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How effective were the social reforms of the Labour Government of 1945-1951 in dealing ...

    They faced entrenched opposition from the health professions, who feared that the creation of the NHS would lead to them becoming drones of the state. Bevan had to agree to let consultants continue their private practices and have access to private beds in the NHS - much to the chagrin of Labour backbenchers.

  2. Free essay

    Consider the view that the liberal government reforms 1906-1914 were more concerned with the ...

    it was the labour parties first debate to push through old age pensions), but from the co operative movement, the TUC, the Fabians along side the friendly societies and the Charity Organisation Society, both of whom had previously opposed to the idea.11 Although aims in the act may have been

  1. The constitutional change in the House of Lords

    This is because the Labour government redressed the party political imbalance between life peers by appointing Labour 'working peers' to the House. Thus, the life peers have no more constitutional legitimacy than do hereditary peers. Therefore, the removal of the hereditary peers does not effect any constitutional change or obtain any greater democratic legitimacy.

  2. how can the judiciary protect human rights?

    This means that the judiciary must uphold EU law over UK law. In ex parte EOC in 1994 it was ruled that British law failed to give part time workers the same employment rights as full time workers. EU law states that part time and full time workers should receive the same rights in employment.

  1. Free essay

    Reforms of Turkey under Mustafa Ataturk, with regards to the revelutions from above

    Many of his reforms did imitate the west as he was an admirer of western institutions and attitudes and he was determined to mold Turkey like the image he had of the west. For Ataturk he intended to modernize stood in his eyes as westernization, and therefore these reforms emphasized Ataturk's desire to progress towards western influences.

  2. What is Politics

    Whilst a criminal act is committed for selfish ends, an act of civil disobedience can be justified by reference to religious, moral and political principles' (Heywood, 1994, p.216). Civil disobedience is, in other words, political whilst a criminal act is not.

  1. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    o Support for radical constitutional reform * Electoral reform * Elected House of Lords * Devolution * Regional Governments * Weaker monarchy * A radical open-,minded approach to social and moral problems (crime and Drugs) Socialism and Labour: * Socialism is a product of modern industrial capitalism.

  2. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    NGOs in Bangladesh have been particularly successful in bringing out women into income earning and educational programmers. Village power structures using Islam as a way of social control have attacked this phenomenon as being un Islamic and undesirable for a country like Bangladesh.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work