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House of Commons - purpose, workings and procedures

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Introduction

House of Commons The House of Commons not only deals with the parties e.g. labour and Tory's it also does other various types of work. It makes laws for the public to obey, it spends nearly half its time doing this. The government can put forward a bill, which often becomes an act as the government has the majority in the house. All MP's must vote the same way their parties do. An individual MP can put forward a bill this is called a private members bill this always begins in the House of Lords it only effects one or two people. A personal bill is not always successful, as it can not rely on the party whips to get the majority in the House of Commons. ...read more.

Middle

the poll tax, Margaret brought out a new way to raise money, each head in every house hold must pay tax. A massive non-payment campaign formed in England and that led to her resigning. The budget is set out in a finance bill it takes roughly 4 weeks to become an act so it becomes a law and the government can raise the money it needs to. Each department estimates how much is required then they are all put together for the house to decide if that amount is correct. To make sure the government has spent its money well there is a select committee publics accounts committee it checks how each department spends there money and if they have done it wisely the committee can see any documents it requires in order to carry out its duty properly. ...read more.

Conclusion

the smaller parties can have their say. The leader of the house who is also a senior member of the cabinet arranges the business of the house he/she works together with the governments chief whip .60 percent of the time is taken up by the government whilst only 10 percent is set aside for the opposition The chief whip has to work several months ahead as bills for instance can take a while to pass through the commons and the lords. The chief whip also works along side with the opposition chief whip they have to consult the party leaders first and the leader of the house. For instance if the opposition disagrees with a bill which the government has brought out the government will want to slow it down to argue their case. ...read more.

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