• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How fair is it to Say that Peel betrayed his Party?

Extracts from this document...


Freya Ollerearnshaw How fair is it to Say that Peel betrayed his Party? To decide whether Peel did in fact betray his party, I will first analyse the values and traditions of the Tory party and then explain whether or not Peel stayed true to these values. The Tories were characteristically Protestant and therefore firm believers of the upkeep of the Church of England and Protestant faith. As Chief Secretary in Ireland in Liverpool's government, Peel made his views known that he would campaign for the Protestant cause. Consequently he became know as the champion of the Church of England, gaining the nickname 'orange peel' and receiving much support from the ultras. Ireland was increasingly becoming a problem area for the British government. The Catholics were tired of being treated as second class citizens because of their allegiance to the Pope in Rome. They wanted Catholic Emancipation to be granted which would give Catholics the right to become MP's and hold office in government. Peel had strongly protested against Catholic Emancipation because it would break up the union of Ireland and England as well as weaken the influence of the Church of England. However, under Wellington's ministry, Peel went against his previous convictions and granted Catholic Emancipation. ...read more.


The Irish Catholics wanted more rights and Peel felt he needed to offer them concessions in order to preserve the union between Ireland and England. He therefore produced the Maynooth Grant, which gave Catholic priests a better education and training. He also passed the Charity Banquets Act 1844, which enabled amounts of money to be paid to the Catholic Church. This saw strong opposition from within the Tory Party. They saw Peels move as an endangerment to the power of the Anglican Church of England. They organised a massive petition against the bill and a majority of Tories voted against it. It also caused Gladstone to resign from government in protest to Peel's actions. Furthermore, Peel proposed a Bill to educate Irish regardless of their religion called the Irish Colleges Bill. This move came under attack from both sides. The Catholic Church described him as godless and the Tories also opposed. All this led to a backbench revolt- the trust, which Peel had worked, so hard to gain was lost. Arguably, Peel's most significant betrayal of his Party was his repeal of the Corn Laws. They had been introduced in 1815 to protect British farmers from competition abroad by heavily taxing foreign corn. ...read more.


Peel was bitterly attacked by his own Party, Disraeli and Bentinck led the internal opposition to Peel. They saw his decision o repeal the Corn Laws as a terrible betrayal of the Party. As party leader, they believed that Peel's first priority should be to protect the interests of his Party and supporters. The repeal totally destroyed the Tory party. Opponents to Peel formed the Protectionist Party who worked to prevent free trade supporting MP's from returning to Parliament. Peel resigned and the Whigs took over. The Tories were in such a divider state that they were unable to win an election for nearly 30 years. Peel has been critisized for destroying the Party he crated. Many contemporaries believe he betrayed them. Peel did not set out to betray his Party or values but when presented with a situation where upholding Party principals would have a negative impact on the welfare of the nation, he refused to do this and therefore was seen to betray his Party. During the years which he rebuilt his Party and brought them back into power, Peel was merely Party leader and did not have the nations needs to consider, but when he became Prime Minister he abandoned the expectations of a Party leader and did not stay true to the Party. The Tories failed to accept Peel's priority o the people, believing instead that his job was to look after their interests. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Compare and contrast the Chartist and Anti -Corn Law League movements. Explain and illustrate ...

    Thus it would be fair to say that the ACLL were more direct and focussed on their one issue, whereas the Chartists wanted a more fundamental change. The type of reform, and the effects that they would have, would have some bearing upon the strength of each of the groups.

  2. British History Coursework: The Irish Famine 1845-1849

    food; during the famine prices rose so high that most people could not afford to buy any food in any case. The potato famine was not an isolated disaster, it was the final straw. The British government were well aware of the situation their policies were causing in Ireland; several

  1. Asian Values in Singaporean Perspective.

    Evidence of this can been seen in the admission of nudity in movies that are considered art and which specifically targets art lovers. Moreover, Singapore today is already one of the most Westernized countries in East Asia and the conservative view of the government constitutes an attempt to contain the

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    They felt the primary job of the State was defence against external enemies. This low view of the State was combined with an acceptance of the Tsarist autocracy. (Absolute government, controlling influence: autocrat - absolute ruler e.g., Tsar). This was partly because they believed that it was better to be

  1. How far were the Anti Corn Law League responsible for Peel's repeal of the ...

    When domestic wheat cost 73/- per quarter, the duty would only be 1/-. Other measures included the introduction of Income Tax, reduction of tariffs. This sort of legislation gained approval in parliament from all parties but Peel's own. By 1844 Peel's increasing unpopularity amongst his own back-bench MPs stemmed from failure to consult them on matters of policy and proposition.

  2. Conservative Victory of 1941, Peel and the Weakness of the Whigs.

    One can therefore see that, whilst Peel welcomed reform where necessary, he was careful enough to certify that a safe balance between protectionism and modernisation was maintained. More than any other feature of the 1841 election, it could be argued that it was this reorganisation that most assured Conservative success.

  1. How successful was Peel's Ministry 1841-1846?

    Peel also passed reform in 1844 with the 'Bank Charter Act' creating a more efficient banking system on which the government could trust and rely, as well as the 'Companies Act' which monitored company's progress and improved the nation's financial health.

  2. Free essay

    To what extent was Sir Robert Peel responsible for the conservative party break up ...

    He found himself face with a coalition of opposition consisting of, Tories, low-church Anglicans, Orangemen, dissenters and radicals. Peel found himself opposed in all section of his party and the House of Lords thought he remained determined to succeed. In the end the Maynooth bill passed in the spring of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work