• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far did life change for women; businessmen and landlords, and peasants between 1949 and the early 1960s?

Extracts from this document...


How far did life change for women; businessmen and landlords, and peasants between 1949 and the early 1960s? From 1935 to 1949, there were fourteen years of unrest in China. After the war with Japan the KMT alliance with the Communist was broken in 1945, there was then a race to occupy the liberated areas, which the Japanese had left after being defeated. While the war between Japan and China was in progress, it had devastating effects on China and the Chinese people. The Civil war that followed caused further havoc. The war meant the destruction and the infrastructure of the country. Inflation grew to 2,870,000% by the end of 1948,and the price of sorghum rose 70% over night. On top of the war, the population was growing by 15 million a year. With many peasants fighting in the Japanese war, and then in the Civil war, it meant production was very low. Living standards for all people, especially in rural areas, was poor, and life expectancy was only 40 years. There was barely any education or institutions such as hospitals, except in the Japanese-controlled areas up until 1945. ...read more.


The businessmen of China were suddenly hit by the brunt of the Communist rule. As most businessmen worked in cities which were held by the KMT, right up until 1949, the Communists had to deal with many of them and quickly. This is why, regularly, they were unfairly treated. They were stripped of political rights and were forced out of the cities and performed menial jobs such as railway building. They were given no social standing and lived poor lives. The five antis campaign was aimed at finding businessmen and industrialists (Capitalists) who were seen as corrupting the whole political system; through 'bribery, tax evasion, stealing state assets', along with other crimes against the government. It turned into an attack on bourgeoisie as a whole and millions were killed. Landlords and businessmen lost all political rights, had no or a fraction of the money they had before 1949, and were classed as the lowest of the low. Negative life change was most prominent for the Landlords and businessmen. Though around 2% of cultivated land was still owned by landlords after the reform. The majority of China's population has always been peasant, and this is one of the reasons that the Communist Party was successful. ...read more.


There were great social, economic and political strides for the Chinese people. There were certain times during the revolution, that were better for certain groups than others; and times when life was bad for some groups. Though living conditions were still very poor, and standards were not met, this was overlooked. No one could ever bring the country together. It is so vast, and was fragmented which made it impossible to control. The capitalists had the rawest deal. The Communists had it in for them, and they were punished unscrupulously. They were booted right to the other end of the social standings, stripped of political rights and forced to work in labour camps. Without a doubt, their quality of life degenerated. Women were promised new equal rights for jobs, marriage, and choices. For women in the Communist Party, this did happen to an extent, but not fully. Women outside the party were freed from the feudal traditions, but still did not have much choice or freedom. Though total equality was not reached, their lives did improve. The improvement of Peasants' lives was one of the main aims of the party. During the fifties, they did have a hard time and life did degenerate. With help from all the campaigns and programs, the peasants lives change unquestionably to a massive degree. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    He wanted to make China into one of the worlds leading industrial nations, at the same time improving agriculture. His targets were to overtake the British economy in 15 years and the America economy in 20-30 years. This was known as the 'Great Leap Forward'.

  2. Was the Great Leap Forward a ‘Tragedy of Good Intentions’?

    arguably, they were simply a drop in the ocean as one of the features of the Maoist paradigm is that China disappeared into eerie isolation from the Western world. At the time, the government blamed the fallings of the Great Leap on two factors: the Soviet withdrawal and unusually bad weather.

  1. British History Coursework: The Irish Famine 1845-1849

    demolish a dwelling whilst the tenants were inside, and prohibited evictions on Christmas Day and Good Friday, but the same law reduced the notice given to people before they were evicted to 48 hours. It seems that the British Government's contempt for the plight of the Irish could go no

  2. Turning points in Nelson Mandela's life

    Natalie Young 10L Mandela first met Oliver Tambo at Fort Hare University. Mandela was expelled from the University in 1940 for leading a strike with Oliver Tambo. Mandela returned home but ran away to Soweto in Transvaal to avoid an arranged marriage.

  1. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    It might seem the simple way to end this problem would be to start new industrial projects. However the government did not have enough money to do this. Mao Zedong was beginning to believe that soviet methods were no good for dealing with Chinas problems.

  2. J. S. Mill Despre Libertate

    El puncteaza o problema nu lipsita de controverse p�na �n vremea sa, atunci c�nd continentul european era condus de regimuri autoritare care dispuneau de aparate de constr�ngere foarte bine organizate, iar cenzura se facea mereu simtita �n viata publica. Mill exemplifica puterea de cenzura a poporului cu ajutorul aparatului de

  1. To what extent did Alexander II succeed in reforming Russian life and institutions?

    peasants: in 1861 the Ministry of the Interior reported 1159 riots, which was a high number. In addition, neither the landlords were happy as for them the emancipation was too much nor the radicals because for them the tsar did not go far enough.

  2. To what extent are the experiences and attitudes of Yang Digong and Li Zucui ...

    an arranged marriage whereby she was sold to a man she didn't even know for a mere 2.300 Yuan (177 pounds.) This proves what little importance Li was to the family. Life in modern China was hard enough for women as they were treated as second-class citizens and faced discrimination

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work