• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do these sources support the view that Irish nationalism remained a 'curious blend of conservative Catholicism and political radicalism' between 1820 and 1921?

Extracts from this document...


Ireland Coursework How far do these sources support the view that Irish nationalism remained a 'curious blend of conservative Catholicism and political radicalism' between 1820 and 1921? The leaders of the Catholic Board best illustrate the definition of "conservative Catholicism" as they desired Emancipation but were cautious and conciliatory in their approach, they hoped for reform to be achieved peacefully, which was a stark contrast to political radicals such as Wolfe Tone who wanted a Republic Ireland and was prepared to use violence in order to attain his aims. K.T. Hoppen quoted Garvin's view that Daniel O'Connell's nationalism was a "blend" because O'Connell wanted reform (which he achieved in 1829 through his Catholic Association) and repeal peacefully, but he threatened civil disobedience in Ireland to achieve this. The "blend" is therefore "curious" in that O'Connell successfully fuses two conflicting political traditions into one, but it is debateable on whether or not the "blend" remained together between 1820 and 1921. Source 1 supports Garvin's view of a "blend" as Mitchel describes O'Connell as being too conservative to defy "all British law" yet acknowledges that O'Connell entwined democracy with militancy and used, albeit it not very well ("phantom"), radical tactics such as brinkmanship. ...read more.


Griffith is one of the clearest examples of the "blend" as he compromises with the British over the treaty, something which Eamon De Valera, another radical, is strongly opposed to. The idea of a "blend" is continued to an extent in source 6 where George Bernard Shaw uses a analogy of a man to depict nationalism as though it were one movement and thus does not distinguish any separate strands. He also concludes nationalism to be curious as he calls it "twaddle" and states that it is anti-progressive and unhealthy, which also makes it very ineffective. Source 5 continues Shaw's view that nationalism was widespread as the source shows that the IPP, which contained both moderates and radicals, was consistently popular in Ireland and thus indicates that many people supported this blend. Housing both traditions enabled the party to act as a hybrid, in that Parnell combined parliamentary tactics with civil disobedience. The notion of a "blend" is contradicted in source 1 as Mitchel identifies two separate strands of nationalism and indicates there is no common ground between radicals like himself and "respectable Catholics" like O'Connell. ...read more.


The formation of the Sinn Fein party is a clear indication of the blend dissolving, as there were now two political parties with their own views on nationalism and one was more successful than the other. This split within nationalism is also depicted in source 7 where De Valera and Griffith both have different views regarding the Anglo-Irish treaty; hence demonstrates the end of the blend in 1921. To an extent, many of the sources identify a "curious blend" within Irish nationalism; figures such as O'Connell and Parnell embody the two very different political traditions, which was "curious" in that the traditions were two complete opposites. The "blend", which remained just over the period, was not equal as both men came from "conservative Catholic" backgrounds and both had tried to implement this approach in the beginning, but after seeing the futility of "conservative Catholicism" they began to use "political radicalism". Over time, the sources suggest that "political radicalism" became more dominant with the rise of the Fenians and Sinn Fein, thus by 1921 the "blend" had all but dissolved. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. British History Coursework: The Irish Famine 1845-1849

    the economy was under severe strain; unemployment rose and two-thirds of the people fell into great poverty. Two-thirds of the eight million people were dependent upon agriculture, the majority being tenants, farming only half an acre of land, with all their grain or barley production going to their landlords for rent.

  2. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    o The perception of the majority sees the ANC as the only political party to meet their needs & objectives. 1. Due to the majority of blacks still living in poverty with high illiteracy levels, their position / situation makes them gullible to the election manifesto of the ANC. 2.

  1. How far were Gandhi's actions after 1920 responsible for Indiagaining her independence in 1947?

    were a 'satanic institution.'29Although Nanda rebuts Gandhi by claiming that focus lay on 'stray acts of violence rather than the remarkably peaceful nature of Gandhi's campaigns,' his failure to reconcile his differences with Jinnah so that there was a united front against Britain and his introduction of religious language into

  2. Sharpeville Massacre Sources Question

    His view of the shooting differs greatly from what the High Commissioner said in his statement. Most notably, Tyler makes it clear that he did not see any weapons other than those held by the police. "I saw no weapons, though I looked carefully, and afterwards studied photographs of the

  1. The Political Culture of Ireland Has Remained Stable Since the Foundation of the State ...

    Rather than being independent of the political system, political culture instead depends on the system. In relation to Basil Chubb's insight to Irish political culture we can identify seven features that shape our political culture framework. These features are identified as Britain's influence; nationalism; the dying pre-industrial society; Irish Catholicism; authoritarianism; anti-intellectualism and loyalty.

  2. Parnell and the Irish Parliamentary Party 1882-5 After the Kilmainham ...

    clinched his support for Home Rule. Gladstone's third ministry Since it soon became clear that Lord Salisbury did not intend to support Home Rule. Gladstone now became Prime Minister for the third time, at the age of 77, committed to the introduction of Home Rule. Following his accession to power in January 1886, Gladstone, determined 'to

  1. The Successes and Failures of Charles Stuart Parnell!

    That was until December 1885, when Gladstone's son announced that the Liberals were willing to support Home Rule. This statement surprised Parnell and the entire Home Rule Party. This was a great success for Parnell as now his party was part of the Government.

  2. WWI, The Twenty-One Demands and The May Fourth Movement

    as political, financial, and military advisers; Article 2 The Chinese Government to grant the Japanese hospitals, temples, and schools in the interior of China the right to own land; Article 3 In the face of many police disputes which have hitherto arisen between Japan and China, causing no little annoyance

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work