• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do these sources support the view that Irish nationalism remained a "curious blend of conservative Catholicism and political radicalism" between c.1820 and 1921?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do these sources support the view that Irish nationalism remained a "curious blend of conservative Catholicism and political radicalism" between c.1820 and 1921? The question asked is a difficult one to answer, as phrases and words used are difficult to define. "conservative Catholicism", "political radicalism" and "Irish nationalism" are all phrases that will be defined differently by different people, depending on their perspective. Another factor that could alter the definitions would be the period of time, as a certain group that 'changed the face' of Irish nationalism, such as the Fenians, may not have surfaced. "Curious" implies that the fusion of "conservative Catholicism" and "political radicalism" is abnormal. It is defined by Collins Thesaurus as bizarre, extraordinary or rare. "Blend" implies smoothness, and unification; Collins Thesaurus defines it as amalgam, amalgamation or fusion. Of the seven sources from which I base my evidence, two are not first hand. Source 3 was written in 1971, and source two in 1989. This means that they are less likely to be accurate and/or 100 percent reliable as they can only rely on other people's documentation written at the time in order to make their case, and can only present their interpretation of the events and period of time. ...read more.

Middle

Which implies not only that there is a blend, but also that the blend has been applied well, and is working. Taken at face value, every other source can be clearly defined as being either for or against the view. Only two sources, 1 and 7, can be seen to be opposed to this view at face value. In source seven, no consensus between Eamonn De Valera and Arthur Griffith can be seen, and this suggests that there was no blend between their two different forms of nationalism. In source one, John Mitchel is clearly opposed to O'Connell, saying that he had led the Irish "all wrong for forty years", and that he led his followers with a "harmless exhibition of numerical force, by imposing demonstrations (which are fatal nonsense) and by eternally half-unsheathing a visionary sword". If the sources are examined more clearly, and deeply more and more links become apparent. There is a link between sources four and five, as both show that different groups have been united. In source four, a speech made by Charles Stewart Parnell, albeit edited by a newspaper, shows Parnell trying to bring the people of Ireland together into a cohesive party, one that will obtain Home Rule. ...read more.

Conclusion

Despite first impressions, sources 1, 2 and 7 show links with one another. In source one, despite the fact that at first it looks as though Mitchel is very anti-O'Connell, it is known for a fact that originally, he supported O'Connell, and that they had worked together up until 1847 when the combination broke down when O'Connell died. This source links with source two, as source two suggests that rather than the smooth "blend" between conservative Catholicism and political radicalism mentioned, the fusion was far more of a volatile mixture of different beliefs and methods. Hoppen also suggests that the blend was always going to break down, and when it did, all that was left was a polarisation of O'Connellites and anti-O'Connellites. Source seven links to these as, again, this looks on the surface to be a clearly unpredictable set of speakers talking about subjects that they both have opposing views upon. However, Griffith and De Valera were happy working side by side, and when this broke down, it resulted in civil war in Ireland. This source suggests that rather than Irish nationalism being a blend of conservative Catholicism and political radicalism, it was been a blend of Catholic radicalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Sharpeville Massacre Sources Question

    Source C, an extract from the Times newspaper shows a few interesting differences to Source B. "A crowd of several hundred Africans" Compare this to the 20,000 that the High Commissioner claimed were present. It would be quite hard to mistake a crowd of 500 or so Africans for a crowd of 20,000.

  2. British History Coursework: The Irish Famine 1845-1849

    The Irish reliance on the potato was utterly disastrous. In 1845 forty percent of the potato harvest was blighted, in 1846 the whole crop was destroyed. Successive crop failures led to "Black 47" with increases in famine, emigration, and disease in the population.

  1. The Successes and Failures of Charles Stuart Parnell!

    Another of Parnell's successes was to follow swiftly after as the First Home Rule Bill was issued. Allow the First Home Rule Bill was defeated, it was the beginning of the "Liberal Alliance", in which Parnell and the Home Rule Party continued to support the Liberals as long as they remained committed to Home Rule.

  2. Parnell and the Irish Parliamentary Party 1882-5 After the Kilmainham ...

    The First Bill The first Bill proposed the establishment of a b-cameral Irish legislature, consisting of two Orders, which would sit and vote together. - The First Order - a sort of Upper House - was weighted in favour of property and was to contain a number of Irish peers.

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    The Viet Nam Nationalist Party (1927) From 1927 onwards, the rejection of the moderate nationalists by the French and their repressive measures forced some moderate politicians to become revolutionaries and also encouraged the more radical nationalists to take over from the moderates.

  2. Was Daniel O'Connell a Great Irish National Leader?

    The Irish Party looked set to continue increasing its size with the passing of the Great Reform Act in 1832 which increased the franchise, but in fact only an extra 9 O'Connellites were elected. The main reason for this was because the franchise was increased from 40 shillings freehold to

  1. Why was the Easter Rising such a pivotalevent in Irish history?

    The General Post Office served as the rebels' headquarters. As the week progressed, the fighting in some areas became intense and by Friday, the 1,600 rebels were facing 18,000 - 20,000 soldiers. From Thursday, the GPO was cut off from the rebel garrisons and came under ferocious artillery attacks.

  2. How effectively did Irish Catholic and nationalist leaders advance their cause in the years ...

    Another Irish leader did not raise these issues effectively until Parnell in 1875. This was due to the Potato Famine that blighted Ireland in the late 1840's and Gladstone's motivation to 'pacify Ireland', as he put it, following the 1868 Liberal election victory, which led to land reform and the disestablishment of The Church of Ireland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work