• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do these sources support the view that Irish nationalism remained a "curious blend of conservative Catholicism and political radicalism" between c.1820 and 1921?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do these sources support the view that Irish nationalism remained a "curious blend of conservative Catholicism and political radicalism" between c.1820 and 1921? The question asked is a difficult one to answer, as phrases and words used are difficult to define. "conservative Catholicism", "political radicalism" and "Irish nationalism" are all phrases that will be defined differently by different people, depending on their perspective. Another factor that could alter the definitions would be the period of time, as a certain group that 'changed the face' of Irish nationalism, such as the Fenians, may not have surfaced. "Curious" implies that the fusion of "conservative Catholicism" and "political radicalism" is abnormal. It is defined by Collins Thesaurus as bizarre, extraordinary or rare. "Blend" implies smoothness, and unification; Collins Thesaurus defines it as amalgam, amalgamation or fusion. Of the seven sources from which I base my evidence, two are not first hand. Source 3 was written in 1971, and source two in 1989. This means that they are less likely to be accurate and/or 100 percent reliable as they can only rely on other people's documentation written at the time in order to make their case, and can only present their interpretation of the events and period of time. ...read more.

Middle

Which implies not only that there is a blend, but also that the blend has been applied well, and is working. Taken at face value, every other source can be clearly defined as being either for or against the view. Only two sources, 1 and 7, can be seen to be opposed to this view at face value. In source seven, no consensus between Eamonn De Valera and Arthur Griffith can be seen, and this suggests that there was no blend between their two different forms of nationalism. In source one, John Mitchel is clearly opposed to O'Connell, saying that he had led the Irish "all wrong for forty years", and that he led his followers with a "harmless exhibition of numerical force, by imposing demonstrations (which are fatal nonsense) and by eternally half-unsheathing a visionary sword". If the sources are examined more clearly, and deeply more and more links become apparent. There is a link between sources four and five, as both show that different groups have been united. In source four, a speech made by Charles Stewart Parnell, albeit edited by a newspaper, shows Parnell trying to bring the people of Ireland together into a cohesive party, one that will obtain Home Rule. ...read more.

Conclusion

Despite first impressions, sources 1, 2 and 7 show links with one another. In source one, despite the fact that at first it looks as though Mitchel is very anti-O'Connell, it is known for a fact that originally, he supported O'Connell, and that they had worked together up until 1847 when the combination broke down when O'Connell died. This source links with source two, as source two suggests that rather than the smooth "blend" between conservative Catholicism and political radicalism mentioned, the fusion was far more of a volatile mixture of different beliefs and methods. Hoppen also suggests that the blend was always going to break down, and when it did, all that was left was a polarisation of O'Connellites and anti-O'Connellites. Source seven links to these as, again, this looks on the surface to be a clearly unpredictable set of speakers talking about subjects that they both have opposing views upon. However, Griffith and De Valera were happy working side by side, and when this broke down, it resulted in civil war in Ireland. This source suggests that rather than Irish nationalism being a blend of conservative Catholicism and political radicalism, it was been a blend of Catholic radicalism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Assess the strengths and weaknesses of Parnell as a leader of the Irish cause.

    This was the moderate non-revolutionary organisation that he wanted to lead, and that had a chance of standing in parliament. Candidates of the League had to pledge to be constitutional and parliamentary in their actions, and to follow the party line on all political questions.

  2. British History Coursework: The Irish Famine 1845-1849

    The Irish reliance on the potato was utterly disastrous. In 1845 forty percent of the potato harvest was blighted, in 1846 the whole crop was destroyed. Successive crop failures led to "Black 47" with increases in famine, emigration, and disease in the population.

  1. The Successes and Failures of Charles Stuart Parnell!

    The issue of Home Rule split the Liberal Party in two. For and against Home Rule. In spring 1886, the Times Newspaper published a series of articles known as "Parnellism and crime". The Times claimed that Parnell was involved in the Phoenix Park murders.

  2. Sharpeville Massacre Sources Question

    "We pledge ourselves to strive together, sparing nothing of out strength and courage, until the democratic changes here set out have been won." -Extract from a Preamble to the freedom charter 4) Source B is written with a very distinct intent in mind - to remove any blame from the police and lower the public's opinion of the protestors.

  1. How far do you agree that it was Cavour's diplomacy rather that Garibaldi's ideas ...

    virtuosity in every branch of the political arts, which Cavour exercised and with which he put his inimitable stamp on the most glorious decade in modern Italian history'15 Although Garibaldi and Cavour were dissimilar their strengths and weaknesses were clearly balanced out and this resulted in positive dynamic needed for Unification.

  2. The Political Culture of Ireland Has Remained Stable Since the Foundation of the State ...

    Development of the modern state in Ireland was firstly accomplished under the British monarchy. Prior to this development, Ireland showed little signs of following in the footsteps of their European counter-parts. Thus the influence of Britain upon Irish politics has been pervasive, showing that the British legacy of the new state was enormous.

  1. Parnell and the Irish Parliamentary Party 1882-5 After the Kilmainham ...

    grasp the Irish nettle', proceeded with a Home Rule Bill swiftly and boldly. The Home Rule Package The Home Rule package was presented to the Cabinet in March 1886, consisting of two closely related Bills which aimed to solve the political and the social problems of Ireland together.

  2. Using your own knowledge and the evidence of Sources 1, 3 and 5 what ...

    the control of the militia would be between the single person and Parliament. The fundamentals were highly significant because it clarified what Cromwell aimed and campaigned for. Therefore, Cromwell was able to give the country direction and stability. Cromwell's personal aim of godly reformation was another addition to the Protectorate.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work