• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa to an end?

Extracts from this document...


How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa to an end? This essay will explain the causes of Apartheid's collapse and if the opposition of other countries to apartheid was the main cause of its end in 1994. Apartheid first took power in 1948 under Dr Malan. The Purified National party, of which Malan was the leader, won 39% of the vote and formed the new government. Apartheid lasted 48 years. The main message of Apartheid was segregation of races. Laws such as the prohibition of mixed racial marriages, and the group areas act kept different races apart. Every person was classified as a white, coloured or native. Apartheid made segregation very harmful to the black community. Many internally and externally did not agree with apartheid and its laws. Although international pressure and criticism was a cause for the collapse of Apartheid, the main cause was the internal resistance and opposition. The internal resistance had been in South Africa since Malan came to power. The reasons for why this is the main cause will be explained in the conclusion of this essay. ...read more.


This drove a further wedge between South Africa and the rest of the World. Another long term for the collapse of Apartheid was the loss of the friendly buffer states. Despite there being worldwide condemnation of South Africa's apartheid laws, surrounding countries supported South Africa. South-West Africa, Rhodesia, Angola and Mozambique were all buffer states. Swaziland, Lesotho, Botswana and Malawi were all economically dependent on South Africa, so they did not condemn them. These states did not support the sanctions and helped goods get through to South Africa. This meant that South Africa did not suffer many economic losses. But in 1974 in Portugal, a revolution led directly to independence for the Portuguese African colonies. Mozambique gained a black government and by 1975 it became independent. In Rhodesia, guerrilla war wore down the white Rhodesians. In 1980, the ZANU Party came to power, led by Robert Mugabe. This effectively meant the end of the white government. In Angola, there was a civil war. There were three Black Nationalist movements called UNITA, MPLA and FNLA. South Africa supported UNITA, who remained in the south while is the north, the MPLA defeated the FNLA. ...read more.


As previously discussed, the Soweto riots, Sharpeville and the ANC were important. Other black resistance groups that were against Apartheid were the MK, Black Consciousness (AZAPO), Inkatha and Buthelezi. They all had violent protests which the government were unable to control as there were so many all over South Africa. In July 1985 the government declared a partial state of emergency which was extended in June 1986 so that the country was under martial law. This showed the government were getting weaker as they could not keep violence under control. Although international opposition to apartheid was very important to its collapse, the internal resistance and opposition were the most important. There had always been opposition within South Africa but it gradually became stronger over the years. The government found it hard to suppress opposition despite bans. Although all the causes analysed in this essay were important in the collapse of Apartheid, the internal resistance to Apartheid was too strong for the government to keep running the country the way they were. South Africa was very close to a civil war in the early 1990s. The opposition of other countries was certainly one of the more important reasons for the collapse, but it was not affecting South Africa as badly as internal opposition. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa ...

    Extremist groups began to form in all the townships, and riots broke out. There was also the introduction of black consciousness, which was about blacks standing up for themselves without the help of whites. The riots that started as a result of the blacks fighting back at the government did cause international opinion to change.

  2. The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of ...

    In 1977, Vorster gave up being Prime Minister on the grounds of 'ill health' and took on the less demanding job of President. But he was eventually forced to resign in disgrace in 1978. So bribery and corruption do not go down well with tax payers.

  1. How far has the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 influenced South Africa's social, ...

    In May 1992 a white only referendum showed that two-thirds of the people wanted negotiations. Although this was a good thing, In this same month CODESA collapsed, and the ANC and National Party were in fundamental disagreement. The talks began again in March 1993.

  2. The ending of White minority rule was achieved solely by Nelson Mandela. Do you ...

    The US and UK thought South Africa as a Cold War ally and blocked moves to introduce full sanctions. As the US and UK did not fully support South African sanctions and they were among the major powers of the time it meant the sanctions were not as powerful as

  1. How important was Nelson Mandela in bringing about the collapse of the apartheid system ...

    While all this was occurring it is important to notice the world's hostility towards white South Africa. Verwoerd wanted to make South Africa a republic, and he achieved this in 1961, however he hoped to remain part of the commonwealth, but after facing many criticisms about his apartheid laws, he took his country out of it.

  2. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    But by that time, mass organised opposition had been banned. Matters came to a head at Sharpeville in March 1960, when 69 anti-pass demonstrators were killed when police fired on a demonstration called by the PAC. A state of emergency was imposed and detention without trial was introduced.

  1. Comparative Analysis: The churches and their affect on society and politics in the cases ...

    ethnic and class composition could easily make that same seed bed one of division, oppression and violence. One only has to allude to the conflict in Northern Ireland to realise how divided Church communities can become. The character of the churches in South Africa and Namibia is of contrast to the character of Western churches.

  2. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    This was a great turning point in Mandela's life; instead of fighting peacefully, he was building an army. If he hadn't turned to violence, he would not have been put in jail for life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work