• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa to an end?

Extracts from this document...


Gemma Illsley 11Y Coursework Assignment How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa to an end? I do agree that international opposition to apartheid was one of the factors in bringing it to an end. However I think there are other causes, both long and short term, that led to the end of apartheid in South Africa. People all over the world were shocked to see the violence in events like the Soweto riots and the Sharpeville and Langa shootings. They also saw the events occurring between the South African government and extremist groups like the ANC, which appeared during Verwoerd's apartheid. These events were short-term causes that brought about the end of apartheid, but they had a large effect on international opinion, which was a long-term cause. However to the rest of the world, what actually happened in South Africa might have appeared different to the reality. This is because often, different interpretations were given by historians, and the people involved. This would have been fairly confusing for people outside South Africa, and they may not have ever really understood completely what was happening. ...read more.


In 1977 the government tried to introduce some reforms in South Africa. This was known as 'total onslaught, total strategy'. The idea of this policy was to become harder on the governments opponents, and to introduce some reforms for the blacks. However this was unsuccessful, and the blacks felt that they had gained nothing from the reforms. This led to an eruption of riots and protests in the townships. The blacks became even more willing to challenge the white rule. During this time guerrilla attacks from the extremist groups like the ANC and AZAPO began to occur more frequently. I think this was another cause because this severely weakened the government's ability to keep control of the townships, and eventually many of them became completely ungovernable. In my opinion, this was a very important short-term cause of the ending of apartheid in South Africa, because the government were weakened and had to arrest 34,000 people to try and maintain some form of law and order. However after the violence was brought under some sort of control, P.W Botha, the leader of the nationalists had no idea what he should do next. ...read more.


This had an effect on international opinion in the long-term, because as the world saw the events happening in South Africa, like the Soweto riots and the guerrilla attacks, it shocked their opinion and they could see how the blacks were treated under white supremacist rule. After this I think other countries became more willing to criticise South Africa and try and bring apartheid to an end, so in that respect international opinion was an important factor. However without the struggle of the blacks, and the effort they put in to bringing apartheid to an end, right from when it started, was, in my opinion the main and most important cause of bringing it to an end. However without the help of other countries and the weakness of the white supremacist government in the long run, I do not think that black resistance alone could have bought apartheid to an end in South Africa. Therefore, in a way the blacks and black resistance were the power behind ending apartheid, but without the political opposition and help from other countries, it would not have been enough to actually end apartheid in South Africa for good. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa ...

    This was considered a miracle by many, as Apartheid laws were being loosened. In October 1989, ANC leaders were released from prison and in February 1990 so was Mandela. De Klerk effectively abolished Apartheid. Soon after, Mandela was named the leader of the ANC.

  2. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    Mandela was very self disciplined and was able to effectively make himself the master of his own prison, managing to bend even the most brutal wardens to his will, with his intelligence and charm. In prison, Nelson did not lose his determination.

  1. The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of ...

    Ten percent of all the UK's foreign investment was placed in South Africa, this was worth �11 billion. So, if the UK and USA pulled out, the stood to lose a lot of money. Sanctions were therefore not as effective as they should have been.

  2. How and why did Federation occur?

    Australians voted against this but it was a bitter referendum and people were still very frightened about Communism. * Australians fought in Vietnam between 1962 and 1972. $7,000 Australians were sent to Vietnam and 501 were killed. Many of these young men were conscripts and only 18 (Australians had to 21 to vote in an election at this time).

  1. How did the policy of Apartheid lead to increasing violence in south Africa (1948-1991).

    language of their oppressors this was done so that the black children would not be able to get decent jobs because of their limited skills in English which was the main language in south Africa at that time. The schools were patrolled by the military who broke up groups of

  2. "The ending of White minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of ...

    The money was also used to bribe politicians in USA, Britain, Japan and the Seychelles. The discovery of how this money had been spent was very the same to another scandal in America called the "Watergate affair" which had forced President Nixon to resign in 1974.

  1. Race Relations in the USA and South Africa since 1945 : How external pressure ...

    The Dutch did this because of strong religious beliefs and lived apart from the native Blacks population. The Afrikaners were convinced that they were supreme compared to the native Blacks In 1913 the Union passed the Native Land Act, which forbids Black ownership of 90% percent of land in South Africa.


    With this, it had an impact on day to day life of Israel and Palestine as they were not sure about the effects this will bring. We can divide the effects of the conflict by Economic, Social and Health. The conflict has had an economic effect on the Palestinian people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work